Studies from University of Virginia Describe New Findings in HIV/AIDS (Ceramic water filters impregnated with silver nanoparticles as a point-of-use water-treatment intervention for HIV-positive individuals in Limpopo Province, South Africa: a ...)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at AIDS Weekly -- Fresh data on Immune System Diseases and Conditions are presented in a new report. According to news reporting originating from Charlottesville, Virginia, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Waterborne pathogens present a significant threat to people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH). This study presents a randomized, controlled trial that evaluates whether a household-level ceramic water filter (CWF) intervention can improve drinking water quality and decrease days of diarrhea in PLWH in rural South Africa."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from the University of Virginia, "Seventy-four participants were randomized in an intervention group with CWFs and a control group without filters. Participants in the CWF arm received CWFs impregnated with silver nanoparticles and associated safe-storage containers. Water and stool samples were collected at baseline and 12 months. Diarrhea incidence was self-reported weekly for 12 months. The average diarrhea rate in the control group was 0.064 days/week compared to 0.015 days/week in the intervention group (p < 0.001, Mann-Whitney). Median reduction of total coliform bacteria was 100% at enrollment and final collection."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "CWFs are an acceptable technology that can significantly improve the quality of household water and decrease days of diarrhea for PLWH in rural South Africa."
For more information on this research see: Ceramic water filters impregnated with silver nanoparticles as a point-of-use water-treatment intervention for HIV-positive individuals in Limpopo Province, South Africa: a pilot study of technological performance and human health benefits. Journal of Water and Health, 2014;12(2):288-300. Journal of Water and Health can be contacted at: Iwa Publishing, Alliance House, 12 Caxton St, London SW1H0QS, England. (IWA Publishing - www.iwaponline.com; Journal of Water and Health - www.iwaponline.com/jwh)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting L.S. Abebe, University of Virginia, Dept. of Med, Charlottesville, VA 22908, United States. Additional authors for this research include J.A. Smith, S. Narkiewicz, V. Oyanedel-Craver, M. Conaway, A. Singo, S. Amidou, P. Mojapelo, J. Brant and R. Dillingham (see also Immune System Diseases and Conditions).
Keywords for this news article include: Virginia, Diarrhea, HIV/AIDS, RNA Viruses, Nanoparticle, Retroviridae, United States, HIV Infections, Nanotechnology, Charlottesville, Vertebrate Viruses, Primate Lentiviruses, Emerging Technologies, North and Central America, Clinical Trials and Studies, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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