News Column

Black bear and livelihoods in baluchistan project

July 28, 2014



Project Number: IRA/SGP/OP5/Y3/STAR/BD/13/01(177) Country: Iran Area Of Work: Land Degradation, Biodiversity Operational Phase: Phase 5 Grant Amount: US$ 31,350.00 Co-Financing cash: US$ 3,500.00 Start Date: 1/2014 End Date: 12/2014 Status: Currently under execution Project Description:In the eastern south of Iran and in the region called Nikshahr which is a section of Sistan & Baluchistan province, there are people who in spite of their severe poverty, are continuing their social life through agriculture and stockbreeding with the least facilities available. This situation has promoted them towards intellectual utilities of the natural advantages in a dry land with shortage of water resources. One of the most important of which is using leaves of wild date tree (DAZ) for making hovel and also producing other home made products they need such as: footwear, different kinds of baskets as handicrafts. On the other hand, consistent survey and professional studies of environmental guards regarding the habitat of the species which is in danger in this area, Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus gedrosianus) has revealed that this region (Sistan &Baluchistan) is one of the few habitats of this specie. Habitat destruction and climate changes have caused very significant conflicts between this species and local people because of their common living resources. The results of studies in recent years by Mohitban Society and others have led to identify basic problems, the most important of which are: ? Increased confronting of Asiatic Black Bear with local people and therefore intensifying the conflict on one hand and lack of financial resources at the right time for compensation on the other hand has caused a negative view towards the Black Bear. One of the most important consequences of this is killing this species. ? Lack of organization to present and promote the handicrafts in the region ? Producing the handicrafts only by old people and unwillingness of the youth for participating in handicrafts production. ? Lack of knowledge of producers to black bear%s biological values and confronting bears Regarding all recognized threats and opportunities in the area, this project of attracting the participation of local communities towards producing the handicrafts with the aim of conserving the black bear in the bounded area of Nikshahr county. Since there is no established organization for presenting the products in the province or marketing outside the province (considering the natural and good quality of the products), this industry has been obsolete and begun to decline. That s because only old people are dealing with these handicrafts and youth are not interested to participate. Therefore, in future the whole process will be forgotten. This project will not only organize the procedure of presenting and selling the handicrafts, but will also inform the local communities about this critically endangered species, the blac

Project completion date : 2014-12-31 12:00:00

Major organization : SGP THE GEF SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME

Address : P.O. Box 15875-4557 Tehran Attn: Ms. Laleh Daraie



Country :Iran, Islamic Republic of

Financier : Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),

Financier address : United Nations Development Programme One United Nations Plaza New York, NY 10017 Tel: +1 (212) 906-5000 Call: +1 (212) 963-1234


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Source: TendersInfo (India)


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