News Column

Patent Issued for Dynamic Video Data Compression

July 29, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Information Technology Newsweekly -- ViXS Systems, Inc. (Toronto, Ontario, CA) has been issued patent number 8781000, according to news reporting originating out of Alexandria, Virginia, by VerticalNews editors.

The patent's inventors are Girardeau, Jr., James Ward (Austin, TX); Gupta, Rajat (Mississauga, CA).

This patent was filed on December 30, 2010 and was published online on July 15, 2014.

From the background information supplied by the inventors, news correspondents obtained the following quote: "This application is related to data processing systems and more particularly to video data processing systems.

"A typical video data processing system includes an off-chip, system memory and a video system-on-a-chip (SOC) integrated circuit including multiple video processing blocks and related hardware. The video SOC receives compressed video data and decompresses (i.e., decodes, uncompresses, or expands) the compressed video data to recover uncompressed (i.e., raw) video data. The video SOC writes the uncompressed video data to the system memory for subsequent use by one or more video processing blocks. The one or more video processing blocks retrieve the uncompressed video data and may write processed, uncompressed video data back to memory. In general, a video image includes R.times.C pixels (e.g., 1920.times.1080 for an exemplary high-definition video screen) and each pixel may be represented by multiple bytes of data. Due to the large quantity of data involved, a full frame of video data of a video image is not typically available to a particular video processing block at a particular time. Rather, portions of the frame of video data are read from system memory, processed incrementally, and, in some cases, written back to memory.

"Movement of uncompressed video data between the system memory and the video SOC consumes substantial memory bandwidth. Typically, the memory bandwidth available to the video SOC limits performance of the video processing system. Increases to the system memory (e.g., by increasing the number of memory channels), which may increase the available memory bandwidth, introduce substantial additional costs to the video SOC (e.g., by increasing the size of on-chip buffers, controllers, number of pins, and board area), increases the cost of external memory, and ultimately increases the cost of the video processing system."

Supplementing the background information on this patent, VerticalNews reporters also obtained the inventors' summary information for this patent: "In at least one embodiment of the invention, a method includes decompressing first compressed video data to provide uncompressed video data in a first order. The decompressing is based on a first compression rate. The method includes compressing the uncompressed video data to provide second compressed video data in a second order. The compressing is based on a second compression rate. In at least one embodiment of the method, the first order is based on fundamental blocks of a frame of video data and the second order is based on lines of the frame of video data. In at least one embodiment of the method, the compressing includes alternating compression of partial portions of a first line of uncompressed video data with compression of partial portions of at least a second line of uncompressed video data to thereby generate a first line of compressed video data corresponding to the first line of uncompressed video data and at least a second line of compressed video data corresponding to the second line of uncompressed video data.

"In at least one embodiment of the invention, an apparatus includes a buffer, a first video data decompressor, and a video data compressor. The first video data decompressor is operative to decompress first compressed video data based on a first compression rate and to write uncompressed video data to the buffer in a first order. The video data compressor is operative to read the uncompressed video data from the buffer and to provide second compressed video data in a second order. In at least one embodiment, the video data compressor is operative to alternate compression of partial portions of a first line of uncompressed video data with compression of partial portions of at least a second line of uncompressed video data to thereby generate a first line of compressed video data corresponding to the first line of uncompressed video data and at least a second line of compressed video data corresponding to the second line of uncompressed video data. In at least one embodiment, the video data compressor is operative to save state information of the video data compressor after compressing a first portion of the first line of uncompressed video data and operative to restore the state information to the video data compressor before compressing a second portion of the first line of the uncompressed video data. In at least one embodiment of the apparatus, the first order is based on fundamental blocks of a frame of video data and the second order is based on lines of the frame of video data. In at least one embodiment, the apparatus includes a memory comprising an expansion portion. The memory is operative to store lines of video data larger than corresponding uncompressed lines of video data."

For the URL and additional information on this patent, see: Girardeau, Jr., James Ward; Gupta, Rajat. Dynamic Video Data Compression. U.S. Patent Number 8781000, filed December 30, 2010, and published online on July 15, 2014. Patent URL: http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8781000.PN.&OS=PN/8781000RS=PN/8781000

Keywords for this news article include: Information Technology, Information and Data Compression, Information and Data Processing, ViXS Systems, ViXS Systems Inc.

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Source: Information Technology Newsweekly


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