The patent's assignee for patent number 8777612 is
News editors obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "The present invention relates generally to dental implant systems. More particularly, the present invention relates to components used for making a surgical guide that allows for placement of dental implants.
"The dental restoration of a partially or wholly edentulous patient with artificial dentition is typically done in two stages. In the first stage, an incision is made through the gingiva to expose the underlying bone. After a series of drill bits creates an osteotomy in the bone, a dental implant is placed in the jawbone for integration. The dental implant generally includes a threaded bore to receive a retaining screw holding mating components therein. During the first stage, the gum tissue overlying the implant is sutured and heals as the osseointegration process continues.
"Once the osseointegration process is complete, the second stage is initiated. Here, the gum tissue is re-opened to expose the end of the dental implant. A healing component or healing abutment is fastened to the exposed end of the dental implant to allow the gum tissue to heal therearound. Preferably, the gum tissue heals such that the aperture that remains generally approximates the size and contour of the aperture that existed around the natural tooth that is being replaced. To accomplish this, the healing abutment attached to the exposed end of the dental implant has the same general contour as the gingival portion of the natural tooth being replaced.
"During the typical second stage of dental restoration, the healing abutment is removed and an impression coping is fitted onto the exposed end of the implant. This allows an impression of the specific region of the patient's mouth to be taken so that an artificial tooth is accurately constructed. After these processes, a dental laboratory creates a prosthesis to be permanently secured to the dental implant from the impression that was made.
"In addition to the more traditional system for placing dental implants described above, some systems use guided placement of the dental implants. To do so, a surgical guide is placed in the patient's mouth at the known location. The surgical guide includes openings for providing the exact placement of the drill bits used to create the osteotomy. Once the osteotomy is completed, the surgical guide may permit the dental implant to be placed through the same opening and enter the osteotomy that was guided by the surgical guide.
"Surgical guides can be created by the use of a CT-scan of the patient's mouth. The CT-scan provides enough detail to develop the surgical guide by use of various methods. For example, a CT-scan can provide the details of the patient's gum tissue and/or remaining teeth so that the surgical guide can be developed based on computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM). One example of the use of a CT-scan is disclosed in U.S. Patent Publication No. 2006/0093988, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety. This publication also describes the use of a various tubes that can be placed within the surgical guide to receive the drill bits and implants.
"However, a need exists to develop an improved kit of components that can be incorporated in the surgical guide and that can be used in conjunction with the surgical guide. The improved set of components can be used to install the implant such that its non-rotation feature (e.g., hexagonal boss or socket) is at correct orientation when finally installed in the patient's bone via the surgical guide. Furthermore, corresponding laboratory components that are used with the kit would be required as well to develop a temporary or final prosthesis."
As a supplement to the background information on this patent, VerticalNews correspondents also obtained the inventors' summary information for this patent: "In one aspect, the present invention is a surgical guide for guiding the insertion of a dental implant into a desired location in a patient's mouth. The implant includes a non-rotational structure. The surgical guide includes a structure and a master tube. The structure has a negative impression surface to be fitted on and placed over tissue in the patient's mouth. The structure includes an opening through which the dental implant is placed. The master tube is located at the opening. The master tube includes indicia for alignment with the non-rotational structure on the implant such that the non-rotational structure of the implant is at a known angular orientation with respect to the master tube. The structure could be made from one of many materials, such as polymeric materials used to create the structure via rapid prototyping. The tissue on which the surgical guide is fitted can be the bone, adjacent teeth, and/or soft tissue.
"According to a further aspect of the invention, a method of installing a dental implant in a patient's mouth comprises (i) placing a surgical guide over the gum tissue in the patient's mouth wherein the surgical guide includes an opening for receiving the dental implant, (ii) inserting the implant into the opening by applying rotational force to the implant; and (iii) stopping the insertion in response to a non-rotational feature on the implant or (an implant mount attached the implant) being aligned with indicia along the opening such that the non-rotational feature is at a known position with respect to the opening.
"In another aspect, the present invention is a method of manufacturing a dental prosthesis for placement in a patient's mouth, comprising (i) determining the location of at least one dental implant to be placed in the mouth of the patient, (ii) developing a surgical guide to be used in the placement of the at least one dental implant in the patient's mouth, wherein the surgical guide fits over the gingival tissue and includes an opening and a marker adjacent to the opening for indicating the alignment of a non-rotational feature of the at least one dental implant, (iii) developing a stone model of the patient's mouth using the surgical guide, (iv) developing the dental prosthesis on the stone model, wherein the dental prosthesis includes a mating structure for mating with the non-rotational feature of the at least one dental implant, (v) placing the surgical guide in the patient's mouth, (vi) installing the at least one dental implant through an opening in the surgical guide such that the non-rotational feature is aligned with the marker, (vii) after installing the implant, removing the surgical guide from the patient's mouth; and (viii) attaching the dental prosthesis to the at least one dental implant.
"In a further aspect, the present invention involves a kit of components for guiding the insertion of a dental implant into a desired location in a patient's mouth. The implant including a non-rotational structure. The kit includes a surgical guide and a plurality of guide tubes. The surgical guide has a negative impression surface to be fitted on and placed over at least a portion of the gingival tissue in the patient's mouth. The surgical guide includes at least one master tube defining an opening through which the dental implant is placed. The master tube includes a marking to provide alignment with the non-rotational structure on the dental implant. Each of the guide tubes has an outer surface for mating with the master tube and an inner surface for engaging a drill bit for developing an osteotomy into which the implant is received. The guide tubes may include handles.
"In an alternative aspect, the present invention is kit of components for developing a stone model of a patient's mouth. The stone model includes implant analogs that replicate dental implants. The kit comprises a surgical guide and a plurality of implant analog-mounts. The surgical guide has a negative impression surface of at least a portion of the gingival tissue in the patient's mouth. The negative impression surface includes at least one master tube defining an opening through which the implant analogs are placed. The plurality of implant-analog mounts are for attachment to the implant analog. Each of the implant-analog mounts are insertable into the master tube and include an expandable region that locks the implant-analog mount into the master tube for maintaining the position of an attached implant analog relative to the surgical guide.
"In yet another aspect, the invention is an implant-analog mount comprising a main body and an expandable region. The main body has a lower portion for attachment to an implant analog. The expandable region is at the upper portion of the main body. The expandable region locks the implant-analog mount into a surrounding structure that is used for creating a stone model of the patient's mouth.
"In a further aspect, the present invention is a master tube for use in a surgical guide for guiding the insertion of a dental implant in a patient's mouth. The master tube comprises a main body and indicia. The main body has an opening therethrough. The indicia is for alignment of a non-rotational structure on the implant at a known angular orientation with respect to the master tube."
For additional information on this patent, see: Suttin, Zachary B.; Robb, T. Tait; Berckmans, III, Bruce; Goodman, Ralph E.; Powell, Theodore M.. Components for Use with a Surgical Guide for Dental Implant Placement. U.S. Patent Number 8777612, filed
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