Findings from University of Bath Has Provided New Data on Social Science (Gendered Parenthood Penalties and Premiums across the Earnings Distribution in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Science Letter -- Current study results on Science have been published. According to news reporting originating from Bath, United Kingdom, by NewsRx editors, the research stated, "Parenthood explains some of the gender earnings gap, but its effects differ among women and men and across countries. Wave 6 LIS data and regressions of the recentered influence function are used to compare effects of parenthood across the unconditional earnings distribution in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from the University of Bath, "The three countries are considered more liberal welfare regimes, but still differ in within- and between-gender economic inequality. Australia has slightly greater income equality than the other two countries. Results reveal that fatherhood premiums and motherhood penalties are smaller in Australia, as are differences between the highest- and lowest-earning parents. Australian and British mothers are more likely to work part-time, but controlling for work hours, motherhood penalties in those countries are smaller across the bottom half of the distribution than in the United States. Motherhood penalties across the upper half of the earnings distribution are more similar in the three countries and decrease as earnings increase. The lowest-earning men in all three countries face small but significant fatherhood penalties, whereas high-earning British and US fathers garner significant premiums as compared with childless men."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Parenthood penalties and premiums therefore reflect relative socio-economic (dis)advantage among both women and men, as well as between them."
For more information on this research see: Gendered Parenthood Penalties and Premiums across the Earnings Distribution in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. European Sociological Review, 2014;30(3):360-372. European Sociological Review can be contacted at: Oxford Univ Press, Great Clarendon St, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. (Oxford University Press - www.oup.com/; European Sociological Review - esr.oxfordjournals.org)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting L.P. Cooke, University of Bath, Dept. of Social & Policy Sci, Bath BA2 7AY, Avon, United Kingdom (see also Science).
Keywords for this news article include: Bath, United Kingdom, Europe, Science
Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC