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Investigators from University of Toronto Release New Data on Enzymes and Coenzymes (Advancing lignocellulose bioconversion through direct assessment...

July 30, 2014



Investigators from University of Toronto Release New Data on Enzymes and Coenzymes (Advancing lignocellulose bioconversion through direct assessment of enzyme action on insoluble substrates)

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Biotech Week -- Current study results on Enzymes and Coenzymes have been published. According to news reporting originating in Toronto, Canada, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Microbial utilization of lignocellulose from plant cell walls is integral to carbon cycling on Earth. Correspondingly, secreted enzymes that initiate lignocellulose depolymerization serve a crucial step in the bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fuels and chemicals."

The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the University of Toronto, "Genome and metagenome sequencing efforts that span the past decade reveal the diversity of enzymes that have evolved to transform lignocellulose from wood, herbaceous plants and grasses. Nevertheless, there are relatively few examples where 'omic' technologies have identified novel enzyme activities or combinations thereof that dramatically improve the economics of lignocellulose bioprocessing and utilization. A likely factor contributing to the discrepancy between sequence-based enzyme discovery and enzyme application is the common practice to screen enzyme candidates based on activity measurements using soluble model compounds."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "In this context, the development and application of imaging, physicochemical, and spectromicroscopic techniques that allow direct assessment of enzyme action on relevant lignocellulosic substrates is reviewed."

For more information on this research see: Advancing lignocellulose bioconversion through direct assessment of enzyme action on insoluble substrates. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2014;27():123-133. Current Opinion in Biotechnology can be contacted at: Current Biology Ltd, 84 Theobalds Rd, London WC1X 8RR, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Current Opinion in Biotechnology - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/601293)

Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting R.E. Goacher, University of Toronto, Dept. of Chem Engn & Appl Chem, Toronto, ON, Canada. Additional authors for this research include M.J. Selig and E.R. Master (see also Enzymes and Coenzymes).

Keywords for this news article include: Toronto, Ontario, Canada, North and Central America, Enzymes and Coenzymes

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC


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Source: Biotech Week


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