Ahead of the start of construction at the future site of the War of 1812 Monument, the Government of Canada took time to dedicate the site in remembrance of the bravery and sacrifice shown in one of Canada's pivotal conflicts.
Soil samples from 10 key War of 1812 battlefield sites, as well as water samples from the Atlantic and Pacific oceans,
Canadian Heritage is pleased to work with
-- The national design competition for the War of 1812 Monument was launched in
-- The design by
was announced in
June 2013. -- The unveiling of the monument is planned for fall 2014.
"This monument in Canada's Capital will remind us how those of diverse backgrounds and various regions came together to fight for their land, their homes, and their families during the War of 1812. The story of the independent and free country we know today will be shared with the thousands of people who visit Parliament Hill and see this legacy."
-The Honourable Shelly Glover, Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages Associated Links The War of 1812 War of 1812 Battle Honours War of 1812 Monument
The Maple Leaf - A national symbol of Canada
Follow us on Twitter,
The War of 1812 - The Fight for Canada
For the duration of the commemoration of the War of 1812, the Government of Canada is committed to remembering and honouring how Canadians from diverse backgrounds and regions came together to fight for Canada, and together grew a greater sense of nationhood. The War of 1812 Monument is one of the numerous initiatives in which the Government of Canada is investing to increase Canadians' awareness of this defining moment in our history.
As part of today's dedication ceremony, soil samples from 10 key battlefield sites and water samples from 6 bodies of water representing the important naval conflicts of the War of 1812 were poured at the base of a commemorative tree planted on Parliament Hill adjacent to the future site of the War of 1812 Monument.
Collecting samples of soil from battlefield sites and water from the scenes of major naval conflicts for commemorative purposes is an ancient military and navy tradition. The first 6 of the 10 soil samples come from decisive battles for which Battle Honours have been awarded to
1. Queenston Heights National Historic Site in
Queenston, Ontario, was the location of the first major battle fought in Canadaduring the War of
1812. The battle was fought on
and First Nations forces defeated an invading American force. Today the site is marked by Brock's Monument, an iconic and imposing masonry column, which contains the tomb of Major-General Sir
Isaac Brock, the British commander who was killed leading his troops during the battle. Four Canadian Armyregiments linked to the battle carry the QUEENSTONBattle Honour. 2. Fort Malden National Historic Site in Amherstburg, Ontario, was the
mustering point for the British, Canadian, and First Nations forces that
successfully captured Fort Detroit in
met and formed their plan of attack on
Detroit. The site today has remnants of the post-war fort and an interpretive centre with exhibits on the war. Five Canadian Armyregiments linked to the battle carry the DETROITBattle Honour. 3. The Battle of Maumeeoccurred at Fort Meigs in Perrysburg, Ohio. The site is operated by the Fort Meigs Association(which provided the soil sample). The fort was the scene of a British, Canadian, and First
Nations siege of Fort Meigs in late April and early
took place on
suffered significant casualties, and while the siege ultimately proved
unsuccessful, the victory at
Ontario) preciously needed time. Today, visitors can view the reconstructed fortifications and tour museum exhibits containing hundreds of original artifacts. Two Canadian Armyregiments linked to the battle carry the MAUMEEBattle Honour. 4. Battle of Chateauguay National Historic Site in Howick, Quebec, was the site of a decisive American defeat on October 26, 1813. Led by Charles- Michel de Salaberry, a French-Canadian officer of the British Army, a
force composed of Canadian militia and First Nations allies successfully
located on a section of the battlefield, has an interpretive centre with
displays on this crucial victory. Six
Canadian Armyregiments linked to the battle carry the CHATEAUGUAYBattle Honour. 5. Battle of Crysler'sFarm National Historic Site near Morrisburg, Ontario, is located within Upper Canada Village, which is administered by the St. Lawrence Parks Commission(which provided the soil sample), an agency of the Government of Ontario. The battle, on November 11, 1813, ended the second American thrust to capture Montreal(the other
being the Battle of
was flooded by the construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway in the 1950s,
visitors today can view the relocated monument to the battle; see the
Battlefield Memorial Centre and experience the interactive exhibits in
linked to the battle carry the
CRYSLER'SFARM Battle Honour. 6. Fort George National Historic Site in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, was first constructed in 1796 by the British and destroyed by the Americans in 1813. Rebuilt by the British in 1814, it was the location of one of several dramatic actions on the Niagara Peninsulain that year. Today the site contains a reconstruction of the 1796 fort and is one of Parks Canada'skey sites in the commemoration of the War of 1812. 7. Battlefield of Fort George National Historic Site is in Niagara-on-the- Lake, Ontario, on the rolling open landscape near the shore of Lake Ontario. On May 27, 1813, an American amphibious attack forced the British, Canadian, and First Nations defenders to abandon Fort Georgeand the rest of the Niagara Riverfrontier, and retreat to Burlington Heights(now a part of Hamilton, Ontario). U.S. troops occupied Fort Georgeand the surrounding area until December 1813. Today much of the
battlefield, marked by a cairn and plaque, lies underneath a residential
Niagara-on-the-Lake. 8. Battle Hill National Historic Site near Wardsville, Ontario, is the location of the Battle of Longwoods, which was fought on March 4, 1814. Here, British, Canadian, and First Nations forces were repulsed by an American raiding party entrenched on a hill. Today, the site is marked by a cairn and plaque positioned on a small rise of land and surrounded by an iron fence. 9. Battle of Cook's Mills National Historic Site in Welland, Ontario, was the location of an action that occurred on October 10, 1814, between
American troops advancing from
After heavy skirmishing, the British and Canadian troops withdrew from the field. The battle was the last on the
Niagara Peninsuladuring the War of 1812. Today, the site is marked by a cairn and plaque positioned on southwest corner of the battlefield.
10. Fort York National Historic Site in
of the American raid on
Yorkon April 27, 1813. During the raid, the Americans captured the fort and the town of Yorkfrom its British and Canadian defenders. The American army commander, Zebulon Pike, was mortally wounded and more than 250 of his troops became casualties when the fort's magazine was detonated by a slow fuse set by the British. Today the site, located downtown and administered by Heritage Toronto (which provided the soil sample), includes seven War of 1812-era buildings.
small and large, between vessels of
clash between the frigates USS Chesapeake and HMS Shannon, which
national historic event and on a 2012
Atlantic was not just between ships of
Navies. An extensive war of privateers was carried on by both sides. The
Liverpool Packet captured 50 American vessels. Collins is commemorated as a person of national historic significance. 2.
Lake Ontario: The easternmost of the Great Lakeswas the scene of the largest naval building race of the War of 1812. At their respective naval bases- Kingston, Upper Canada(now Ontario) for the British and Sackets Harbor, New Yorkfor the Americans-shipwrights constructed warships that rivalled anything that sailed the oceans. The race culminated in October 1814when the British launched the 104-gun ship of the line, HMS St.Lawrence. It was the largest wooden warship to ever sail the Great Lakes. 3. Lake Eriewas the scene for the most decisive naval action on the Great Lakes during the War of 1812. On September 10, 1813, an American
squadron of nine vessels under
Royal Navyflotilla of six ships commanded by Robert Herriot Barclay. The action resulted in the British evacuation of southwest Upper Canada(now Ontario) and the area's subsequent 20-month American occupation. The sacrifice of the sailors and soldiers of the British fleet, including soldiers drawn from the Royal Newfoundland Regimentacting as
marines aboard the ships, is recognized as an event of national historic
soldiers, fur traders of the North West Company, and First Nations warriors paddled across northern
Lake Huronfrom Fort St. Joseph, Upper Canada(now Ontario) to capture the strategic American fort on Michilimackinac Island, Michigan. In August 1814, an American flotilla found and burned the fur trade schooner Nancy, an event of national historic significance. Early the next month, the crew of the Nancy exacted their revenge. Led by Royal NavyLieutenant Miller Worsley, the seamen and First Nations allies crossed the expanse of the lake in open
boats and captured the
is also an event of national historic significance.
was the clash between the British and American naval squadrons during the Battle of
Plattsburgh Bayon September 11, 1814. The crushing American victory caused Sir George Prevost, the governor in chief of British North America, to abort his land attack on the town and end his campaign of invasion into northern New York state. The Royal Navyon Lake Champlainis an event of national historic significance.
Americas. In March 1814, Royal Navyships cornered and defeated USS Essexoff of Valparaiso, Chile. The American frigate had been on a mission to plunder the British Pacific Oceanwhaling fleet. In October 1814, North West Company fur traders convinced the Americans to give up Fort Astoria, a fur trade post at the mouth of the Columbia Riverin Oregon Territory. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT: Marisa MonninPress Secretary Office of the Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages819-997-7788 Media Relations Canadian Heritage 819-994-9101 1-866-569-6155 email@example.com Source: Department of Canadian Heritage