Data on Risk Management Discussed by Researchers at West Virginia University (Trends in drug use among drivers killed in U.S. traffic crashes, 1999-2010)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Health & Medicine Week -- Data detailed on Risk Management have been presented. According to news reporting originating from Morgantown, West Virginia, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Driving under the influence of drugs is a global traffic safety and public health concern. This trend analysis examines the changes in general drug usage other than alcohol, broad categories, and typical prescription and illegal drugs among drivers fatally injured in motor vehicle crashes from 1999 to 2010 in the U.S."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from West Virginia University, "Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System were analyzed from 1999 to 2010. Drug prevalence rates and prevalence ratios (PR) were determined comparing rates in 2009-2010 to 1999-2000 using a random effects model. Changes in general drug usage, broad categories, and representative prescription and illegal drugs including, methadone, oxycodone, hydrocodone, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and cocaine, were explored. Comparing 2009-2010 to 1999-2000, prevalence of drug usage increased 49% (PR =1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.42, 1.55). The largest increases in broad drug categories were narcotics (PR=2.73; 95% Cl 2.41, 3.08), depressants (PR=2.01; 95% Cl 1.80, 2.25), and cannabinoids (PR=1.99; 95% Cl 1.84, 2.16). The PR were 6.37 (95% Cl 5.07, 8.02) for hydrocodone/oxycodone, 4.29 (95% Cl 2.88, 6.37) for methadone, and 2.27 (95% Cl 2.00, 2.58) for benzodiazepines. Barbiturates declined in rate over the 12year period (PR =0.53; 95% Cl 0.37, 0.75). Cocaine use increased until 2005 then progressively declined, though the rate remained relatively unchanged (PR=0.94; 95% CI 0.84, 1.06). While more drivers are being tested and found drug-positive, there is evidence that a shift from illegal to prescription drugs may be occurring among fatally injured drivers in the U.S."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Driving under the influence of prescription drugs is a growing traffic concern."
For more information on this research see: Trends in drug use among drivers killed in U.S. traffic crashes, 1999-2010. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2014;70():178-187. Accident Analysis and Prevention can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Accident Analysis and Prevention - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/336)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting T.M. Rudisill, West Virginia University, Dept. of Emergency Med, Morgantown, WV 26506, United States. Additional authors for this research include S.Z. Zhao, M.A. Abate, J.H. Coben and M.T. Zhu (see also Risk Management).
Keywords for this news article include: Morgantown, West Virginia, United States, North and Central America, Risk Management
Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC