People will be allowed to take lump sums out of their pension pots well after they have retired to pay for the cost of care in old age and other needs under a further sweeping liberalisation of industry rules to be unveiled by chancellor
At present pensioners have to decide at the time of retirement whether to take a tax-free lump sum of up to 25% of the value of a pension pot. If savers want to take out more they face punitive levels of tax.
But under changes to tax rules being planned in the Treasury, deals will be available in future allowing cash sums to be taken out later in life to meet sudden needs that may arise.
Ministers are also expected to announce a reform of annuities so that they can continue to pay out well after death, to avoid all income suddenly being lost to the family of a deceased policyholder. Currently income from annuities is guaranteed for a maximum of only 10 years from the time they are taken out - if someone dies nine years after retiring, his or her family will receive nothing after a further year.
Under the Treasury plan, the 10-year cap will be dropped and the annuity provider will be able to pay out far longer, although income rates would depend on the length of the guarantee. A further change will introduce deals that vary the levels of income paid out, perhaps providing more in the early years of retirement and less later on, or vice-versa.
The new tax rules and resulting wider options follow a public consultation launched this year, after Osborne had outlined plans for a dramatic shake-up of the industry to allow more flexibility for consumers.
The chancellor said in his March budget that, from
Treasury insiders said the latest plans built on ideas introduced in the budget. A Treasury source said last night: "The reforms to the tax rules are about encouraging innovation and ensuring consumers have the widest possible choice in how they secure their economic future.
"The government wants [financial]firms to tailor products for individuals, and our reforms will empower people to choose those products that are right for them."
With the expansion of the elderly population, ministers are determined to allow pension funds to be used as and when people need them. Some experts fear the plans will backfire and that those who cash in their savings will be left more dependent on the state later in life. But ministers argue that the vast majority will take sensible decisions according to their own needs.
Osborne: reforms have shocked pensions firms.
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