Instead of a broad goal of importing the best in a wide spectrum of musical styles from around the world, the Kimmel has walked away from certain genres and carved out smaller performance areas to present others.
And rather than developing its prime public spaces -- at a time when beer gardens, pop-up parks, and cafes are proliferating elsewhere in the city -- the Kimmel has turned them over to paying patrons, rendering them considerably more exclusive.
The Hamilton Garden perch atop the
The Garces restaurant puts in motion an important gear in the Kimmel's larger revenue machine. To get Garces into the space, the arts center needed to renovate it, raising
"One thing feeds the other," said Kimmel president
If the Kimmel is beefing up its revenue streams, it's all for a good cause, leaders say. Various changes have allowed it to adjust the ratio of money it earns to money it raises. At a time when competition for arts donations is fierce, the Kimmel is now earning 90 percent of its annual budget (from about 75 percent, which is where most arts centers are), leaving only 10 percent to raise from philanthropists.
This change comes as the result of reorganizations in 2010 and 2012. "Basically, that process led us to shifting out of everything with which we were losing money -- things that we could not find enough interest for in terms of ticket revenue or direct funding," Ewers said. "We said 'Whatever we program has got to break even and ideally have a bit of a net return so we can direct that toward the needs of the resident companies.' "
Eliminated were visits from orchestras such as the
At the same time these presentations were being dropped, rentals were boosted. In fiscal year 2014, rentals in spaces such as the roof-top Hamilton Garden (which, despite its name, has few plants anymore) increased 92 percent over 2012, before the space was outfitted with climate-control equipment and glass that can darken to block out sun. In addition, the Kimmel has developed joint ventures with commercial presenters, who book pop acts and non-arts events such as
The more money it earns, the lower the rent for the Kimmel's resident companies, Ewers said.
She sees the elimination of classical imports from the Kimmel Center Presents series as benefitting the city's indigenous arts groups, and in particular the Kimmel's eight resident companies (which include the
"We were losing
But the Kimmel has not dropped its presenting or curatorial function, Ewers said. Its 90-percent-earned figure applies only to money raised for annual operating expenses, and it continues to fund-raise for special projects such as the acoustical corrections in Verizon Hall, the
The Kimmel also flexes its own artistic muscle with the biennial Philadelphia International Festival of the Arts, happening next in 2015. Ewers says much of the support for that event comes from corporate marketing money that would not likely end up with any of the resident companies.
Also increasing, she said, are co-presentations with groups like the
While all of these changes have been occurring, the Kimmel has faced some unanticipated financial challenges. It now gets
Still, she said, the Kimmel expects to balance its budget again this year.
The Kimmel's portfolio of spaces is actually larger than most people realize, including not just the 650-seat Perelman, 2,500-seat Verizon Hall, and smaller spaces in the main building, but also the 2,900-seat
It might make sense for some smaller-draw shows, and their plight "breaks my heart" Ewers said. But for this, like all else, Ewers applies the Kimmel's prevailing criterion. "I just think from our standpoint the dollars don't make sense," she said.
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