New Molecular Biology Findings from Stanford University Outlined (Lineage-Specific Transcriptional Profiles of Symbiodinium spp. Unaltered by Heat Stress in a Coral Host)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Investigators discuss new findings in Life Science Research. According to news reporting out of Stanford, California, by NewsRx editors, research stated, "Dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium form an endosymbiosis with reef building corals, in which photosynthetically derived nutrients comprise the majority of the coral energy budget. An extraordinary amount of functional and genetic diversity is contained within the coral-associated Symbiodinium, with some phylotypes (i.e., genotypic groupings), conferring enhanced stress tolerance to host corals."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from Stanford University, "Recent advances in DNA sequencing technologies have enabled transcriptome-wide profiling of the stress response of the cnidarian coral host; however, a comprehensive understanding of the molecular response to stress of coral-associated Symbiodinium, as well as differences among physiologically susceptible and tolerant types, remains largely unexplored. Here, we examine the transcriptome-wide response to heat stress via RNA-Seq of two types of Symbiodinium, the putatively thermotolerant type D2 and the more susceptible type C3K, resident within the same coral host species, Acropora hyacinthus. Contrary to previous findings with coral hosts, we find no detectable change in gene expression across the dinoflagellate transcriptome after 3 days of elevated thermal exposure, despite physical evidence of symbiosis breakdown. However, hundreds of genes identified as orthologs between the C and D types exhibited significant expression differences within treatments (i.e., attributable solely to type, not heat exposure). These include many genes related to known thermotolerance mechanisms including heat shock proteins and chloroplast membrane components."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Additionally, both the between-treatment similarities and between-type differences remained pervasive after 12-18 months of common garden acclimation and in mixed Symbiodinium assemblages within the same coral host colony."
For more information on this research see: Lineage-Specific Transcriptional Profiles of Symbiodinium spp. Unaltered by Heat Stress in a Coral Host. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 2014;31(6):1343-1352. Molecular Biology and Evolution can be contacted at: Oxford Univ Press, Great Clarendon St, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. (Oxford University Press - www.oup.com/; Molecular Biology and Evolution - mbe.oxfordjournals.org)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting D.J. Barshis, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Stn, Dept. of Biol, Stanford, CA 94305, United States. Additional authors for this research include J.T. Ladner, T.A. Oliver and S.R. Palumbi (see also Life Science Research).
Keywords for this news article include: Stanford, California, United States, Life Science Research, North and Central America
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