It looks virtually identical to a conventional online page of the Guardian - the same layout, typography, links to other sections, and comments below the line. The story, with Money reporter
Until now, fake websites have tended to be clones of bank websites or institutions such as HM Revenue & Customs. Conmen send out "phishing" emails which convince people to click through to the bank, but, in reality, they are taken through to the copycat website designed to illegally capture log-ins and password details.
But the fake Guardian pages are, thankfully, a rare example of an attempt to give the impression that a trusted news organisation has endorsed a company. The fake website page uses the address "theguardian.com.uk" - rather than our real web address, which is
theguardian.com. The Guardian immediately asked the internet service provider that hosts the page to take it down.
We were alerted to the scam by a victim who paid pounds 175 to Business Grants & Loans by bank transfer, but then failed to receive the loan of pounds 15,000 that she had been promised.
She had been sent an email from the company (see above) which read: "To back things up, in 2013 we were mentioned in the Guardian.
"We would strongly suggest you
read the article below, this should give you the confidence you need in our company . . ."
In the fake article, readers are told that Business Grants & Loans is an "expanding company" which is "helping 76% of applicants achieve the funding they desire". It tells readers to head to the company's website, and goes to extraordinary lengths to make the article appear genuine - even creating fake below-the-line comments from regular readers of Guardian Money, such as "Halo572" and "oommph".
One fake entry reads: "I myself have dealt with them and they found me a loan option that was very suitable within just a few days." To add greater authenticity, it includes our reporter's email address - with a small change, so anyone trying to email him is directed away from his regular address.
At this stage we should make clear to readers that the Guardian's website has not, in any way, been hacked or hijacked, with genuine pages replaced with fake ones.
The idea is that pages are created that appear to be from the Guardian, then are put up on a URL (uniform resource locator) that is similar to the Guardian (ie, ".com.uk" rather than just ".com"). They are then embedded in web links that are sent via emails to the company's clients. We are keen to hear from anybody else who has been duped.
Another example we found of fraudsters imitating a trusted news organisation was last June, when a faked
Entitled "Special Report: We expose how to lose 23lbs of Belly Fat", and posted on fake
We asked the Guardian's IT department to find out as much as possible about the fake web page. Very quickly, we learned that it appeared to have been produced, relatively recently, by a "
After an extensive investigation, we were able to trace Thornton to
He even shares a link to a
But what about the company itself, Business Grants & Loans? In the
We asked Saunders about fraud. Did he have any knowledge of fees taken when there was no chance of the person obtaining a loan? He said that, when he ran the company, it was a legitimate business that took fees but did arrange loans.
Just before Money went to press, the plot thickened. In a statement attributed to
He said that eight months ago he was contacted by a customer, who provided a link to an article about his company. "I just saved the link but also got my web designer to store it for myself on a hosting account that I owned, in case it disappeared from your site.
"Clearly, for some reason, they have made this, and now I understand it is a false document. I do not understand the intentions behind this customer and the reasons they would do this.
"However, this has now been removed as you have gladly brought it to my attention."
Thornton was also quoted as saying the company "unfortunately has been slandered online as being a scam".
He added: "I have always cooperated with any customer who has complained . . . I will not be charging any customers a fee until I, myself, source grants that are available for our clients."
Meanwhile, the person who alerted us to the fake page says: "You don't take out a loan if you don't need the money. We had a call from someone and it all sounded very convincing - helped by the Guardian article, or so we thought.
"We paid the admin fee by transfer, but now, every time we call, we are told the offices are closed for training purposes. We have been scammed, and it doesn't feel very nice."
The money was paid into a NatWest account. She has since taken up the matter with her bank, and has been told investigations are ongoing.
Meanwhile, the Guardian has passed details of its investigation to Action Fraud, the fraud and internet crime reporting centre run by the
It is not always easy to spot a copycat website, but here are some clues that all is not as it seems.
Search for the real thing Put the name of the website you think you have been looking at into a search engine and see what comes up. In many cases the genuine article will appear at or near the top. Do not assume that is the case unless it's a site you know well - and certainly be careful if appears at the top and is marked up as an advert (look out for "Ad" next to it) - but if something does appear that looks different to the site you were looking at, that should ring alarm bells.
Look at the URL really closely. Now look again. The copycat site will probably have a URL that looks very similar to the real thing, but there will be subtle differences. In the case of the fake Guardian page, the URL is theguardian.com.uk - visit the Guardian site from the
Chop the URL down If you find yourself on what looks to be a sub-page of a website, cut back the URL to see if the homepage actually exists. The fake Guardian page has an address starting "http://theguardian.com.uk-news-article-database-business-grants-loans-review-listed . . ." - cut it back to end after ".uk" and you end up on a page telling you the server has not been found.
Click on links Explore the page thoroughly as there is likely to be something somewhere that gives it away. Perhaps a link won't work, or will go to something unexpected - on the fake page we feature, clicking on the "article history" link showed the title of a different story, while the stories at the top of the "most read box" were all from May.
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