News Column

Patent Issued for Stent-Graft Securement Device

July 22, 2014

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Technology -- Cordis Corporation (Fremont, CA) has been issued patent number 8771333, according to news reporting originating out of Alexandria, Virginia, by VerticalNews editors.

The patent's inventor is Rincon, Cesar (Easton, PA).

This patent was filed on June 23, 2009 and was published online on July 8, 2014.

From the background information supplied by the inventors, news correspondents obtained the following quote: "The present invention relates to aneurismal repair devices, and more particularly, to devices for restraining the cranial end of an endoprosthesis of an aneurismal repair device until the remaining portion of the endoprosthesis is deployed and fully expanded and then deploying the cranial end.

"An aneurysm is an abnormal dilation of a layer or layers of an arterial wall, usually caused by a systemic collagen synthetic or structural defect. An abdominal aortic aneurysm is an aneurysm in the abdominal portion of the aorta, usually located in or near one or both of the two iliac arteries or near the renal arteries. The aneurysm often arises in the infrarenal portion of the diseased aorta, for example, below the kidneys. A thoracic aortic aneurysm is an aneurysm in the thoracic portion of the aorta. When left untreated, the aneurysm may rupture, usually causing rapid fatal hemorrhaging.

"Aneurysms may be classified or typed by their position as well as by the number of aneurysms in a cluster. Typically, abdominal aortic aneurysms may be classified into five types. A Type I aneurysm is a single dilation located between the renal arteries and the iliac arteries. Typically, in a Type I aneurysm, the aorta is healthy between the renal arteries and the aneurysm and between the aneurysm and the iliac arteries.

"A Type II A aneurysm is a single dilation located between the renal arteries and the iliac arteries. In a Type II A aneurysm, the aorta is healthy between the renal arteries and the aneurysm, but not healthy between the aneurysm and the iliac arteries. In other words, the dilation extends to the aortic bifurcation. A Type II B aneurysm comprises three dilations. One dilation is located between the renal arteries and the iliac arteries. Like a Type II A aneurysm, the aorta is healthy between the aneurysm and the renal arteries, but not healthy between the aneurysm and the iliac arteries. The other two dilations are located in the iliac arteries between the aortic bifurcation and the bifurcations between the external iliacs and the internal iliacs. The iliac arteries are healthy between the iliac bifurcation and the aneurysms. A Type II C aneurysm also comprises three dilations. However, in a Type II C aneurysm, the dilations in the iliac arteries extend to the iliac bifurcation.

"A Type III aneurysm is a single dilation located between the renal arteries and the iliac arteries. In a Type III aneurysm, the aorta is not healthy between the renal arteries and the aneurysm. In other words, the dilation extends to the renal arteries.

"A ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is presently the thirteenth leading cause of death in the United States. The routine management of abdominal aortic aneurysms has been surgical bypass, with the placement of a graft in the involved or dilated segment. Although resection with a synthetic graft via a transperitoneal or retroperitoneal procedure has been the standard treatment, it is associated with significant risk. For example, complications include perioperative myocardial ischemia, renal failure, erectile impotence, intestinal ischemia, infection, lower limb ischemia, spinal cord injury with paralysis, aorta-enteric fistula, and death. Surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms is associated with an overall mortality rate of five percent in asymptomatic patients, sixteen to nineteen percent in symptomatic patients, and is as high as fifty percent in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

"Disadvantages associated with conventional surgery, in addition to the high mortality rate, include an extended recovery period associated with the large surgical incision and the opening of the abdominal cavity, difficulties in suturing the graft to the aorta, the loss of the existing thrombosis to support and reinforce the graft, the unsuitability of the surgery for many patients having abdominal aortic aneurysms, and the problems associated with performing the surgery on an emergency basis after the aneurysm has ruptured. Further, the typical recovery period is from one to two weeks in the hospital and a convalescence period, at home, ranging from two to three months or more, if complications ensue. Since many patients having abdominal aortic aneurysms have other chronic illnesses, such as heart, lung, liver and/or kidney disease, coupled with the fact that many of these patients are older, they are less than ideal candidates for surgery.

"The occurrence of aneurysms is not confined to the abdominal region. While abdominal aortic aneurysms are generally the most common, aneurysms in other regions of the aorta or one of its branches are possible. For example, aneurysms may occur in the thoracic aorta. As is the case with abdominal aortic aneurysms, the widely accepted approach to treating an aneurysm in the thoracic aorta is surgical repair, involving replacing the aneurysmal segment with a prosthetic device. This surgery, as described above, is a major undertaking, with associated high risks and with significant mortality and morbidity.

"Over the past five years, there has been a great deal of research directed at developing less invasive, endovascular, i.e., catheter directed, techniques for the treatment of aneurysms, specifically abdominal aortic aneurysms. This has been facilitated by the development of vascular stents, which can and have been used in conjunction with standard or thin-wall graft material in order to create a stent-graft or endograft. The potential advantages of less invasive treatments have included reduced surgical morbidity and mortality along with shorter hospital and intensive care unit stays.

"Stent-grafts or endoprostheses are now Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved and commercially available. Their delivery procedure typically involves advanced angiographic techniques performed through vascular accesses gained via surgical cut down of a remote artery, which may include the common femoral or brachial arteries. Over a guidewire, the appropriate size introducer will be placed. The catheter and guidewire are passed through the aneurysm. Through the introducer, the stent-graft will be advanced to the appropriate position. Typical deployment of the stent-graft device requires withdrawal of an outer sheath while maintaining the position of the stent-graft with an inner-stabilizing device. Most stent-grafts are self-expanding; however, an additional angioplasty procedure, e.g., balloon angioplasty, may be required to secure the position of the stent-graft. Following the placement of the stent-graft, standard angiographic views may be obtained.

"Due to the large diameter of the above-described devices, typically greater than twenty French (3F=1 mm), arteriotomy closure typically requires open surgical repair. Some procedures may require additional surgical techniques, such as hypogastric artery embolization, vessel ligation, or surgical bypass in order to adequately treat the aneurysm or to maintain blood flow to both lower extremities. Likewise, some procedures will require additional advanced catheter directed techniques, such as angioplasty, stent placement and embolization, in order to successfully exclude the aneurysm and efficiently manage leaks.

"While the above-described endoprostheses represent a significant improvement over conventional surgical techniques, there is a need to improve the endoprostheses, their method of use and their applicability to varied biological conditions. Accordingly, in order to provide a safe and effective alternate means for treating aneurysms, including abdominal aortic aneurysms and thoracic aortic aneurysms, a number of difficulties associated with currently known endoprostheses and their delivery systems must be overcome. One concern with the use of endoprostheses is the prevention of endo-leaks and the disruption of the normal fluid dynamics of the vasculature. Devices using any technology should preferably be simple to position and reposition as necessary, should preferably provide an acute, fluid tight seal, and should preferably be anchored to prevent migration without interfering with normal blood flow in both the aneurysmal vessel as well as branching vessels. In addition, devices using the technology should preferably be able to be anchored, sealed, and maintained in bifurcated vessels, tortuous vessels, highly angulated vessels, partially diseased vessels, calcified vessels, odd shaped vessels, short vessels, and long vessels. In order to accomplish this, the endoprostheses should preferably be highly durable, extendable and re-configurable while maintaining acute and long-term fluid tight seals and anchoring positions.

"The endoprostheses should also preferably be able to be delivered percutaneously utilizing catheters, guidewires and other devices which substantially eliminate the need for open surgical intervention. Accordingly, the diameter of the endoprostheses in the catheter is an important factor. This is especially true for aneurysms in the larger vessels, such as the thoracic aorta. In addition, the endoprostheses should preferably be percutaneously delivered and deployed such that surgical cut down is unnecessary.

"During deployment of a typical device, the endoprosthesis is held stationary while an outer catheter sheath is retracted and the endoprosthesis expands into position due to the self-expanding properties of the underlying stent structure. Due to the potential tortuous nature of the human anatomy, the delivery catheter containing the endoprosthesis generally lies up against one side of the vessel prior to deployment. It has been observed in testing that when a supra renal stent with barbs is the first portion of the endoprosthesis to expand, the barbs closest to the vessel wall may make premature contact with the wall before the stent has had a chance to fully expand. This creates a situation where the portion of the stent farthest away from the wall during expansion actually accounts for a disproportionate amount of the expansion of the stent in order for the entire stent to meet the internal diameter of the vessel. The sections of the stent that are up against the wall do not fully expand and the stent will not achieve full opposition against the vessel wall. Accordingly, it would be highly advantageous to have a device that delays the opening of the cranial end until the remaining portions are deployed."

Supplementing the background information on this patent, VerticalNews reporters also obtained the inventor's summary information for this patent: "The present invention overcomes the disadvantages associated with currently utilized aneurismal repair devices and their associated deployment mechanisms.

"In accordance with a first aspect, the present invention is directed to a stent-graft securement device for a catheter based stent-graft delivery system. The stent-graft securement device comprising a holding device which is integral with the catheter based stent-graft delivery system, the holding device including a wire holder slidably engaged to an inner member of the catheter based stent-graft delivery system, engagement wires, a wire guide fixedly mounted to the inner member of the catheter based stent-graft delivery system distal to the wire holder, and a distal receiver fixedly mounted to the inner member of the catheter based stent-graft delivery system distal from the wire guide, and eyelets integral with a stent-graft and extending from the end thereof, the engagement wires originating from the wire holder, passing through the wire guide, the eyelets and into distal receiver, the wire holder being configured to move proximally, thereby retracting the engagement wires from the distal receiver and eyelets and into the wire guide.

"The present invention is directed to a stent-graft securement mechanism, in which both the stent-graft and the delivery device or delivery catheter are modified. Essentially, the stent-graft securement mechanism comprises a holding device which is integral with the delivery catheter and an eyelet configuration integral with the distal end of the stent-graft. Each of these components is designed to mate and work with the other in order to achieve the desired functions; namely, to overcome the drawbacks associated with currently utilized stent-graft delivery systems as briefly described above.

"The holding device comprises four basic components; namely, the wire holder, the engagement wires, the wire guide and the distal receiver. These four components are integral with the delivery system and function to release the distal end of the stent-graft via action of the physician. The eyelet configuration is an additional element of the stent-graft. The engagement wires simply run from the wire holder, through the wire guide, through the eyelets and into the distal receiver."

For the URL and additional information on this patent, see: Rincon, Cesar. Stent-Graft Securement Device. U.S. Patent Number 8771333, filed June 23, 2009, and published online on July 8, 2014. Patent URL:

Keywords for this news article include: Hospital, Technology, Legal Issues.

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Source: Journal of Technology

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