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Bioforsk Reports Findings in Plant Molecular Biology (How can plant genetic engineering contribute to cost-effective fish vaccine development for...

July 22, 2014



Bioforsk Reports Findings in Plant Molecular Biology (How can plant genetic engineering contribute to cost-effective fish vaccine development for promoting sustainable aquaculture?)

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Current study results on Life Science Research have been published. According to news reporting originating from As, Norway, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Aquaculture, the fastest growing food-producing sector, now accounts for nearly 50 % of the world's food fish (FAO in The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. FAO, Rome, 2010). The global aquaculture production of food fish reached 62.7 million tonnes in 2011 and is continuously increasing with an estimated production of food fish of 66.5 million tonnes in 2012 (a 9.4 % increase in 1 year, FAO, www.fao.org/fishery/topic/16140 )."

Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from Bioforsk, "Aquaculture is not only important for sustainable protein-based food fish production but also for the aquaculture industry and economy worldwide. Disease prevention is the key issue to maintain a sustainable development of aquaculture. Widespread use of antibiotics in aquaculture has led to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the accumulation of antibiotics in the environment, resulting in water and soil pollution. Thus, vaccination is the most effective and environmentally-friendly approach to combat diseases in aquaculture to manage fish health. Furthermore, when compared to >760 vaccines against human diseases, there are only about 30 fish vaccines commercially available, suggesting the urgent need for development and cost-effective production of fish vaccines for managing fish health, especially in the fast growing fish farming in Asia where profit is minimal and therefore given high priority. Plant genetic engineering has made significant contributions to production of biotech crops for food, feed, valuable recombinant proteins etc. in the past three decades. The use of plants for vaccine production offers several advantages such as low cost, safety and easy scaling up. To date a large number of plant-derived vaccines, antibodies and therapeutic proteins have been produced for human health, of which a few have been made commercially available. However, the development of animal vaccines in plants, especially fish vaccines by genetic engineering, has not yet been addressed. Therefore, there is a need to exploit plant biotechnology for cost effective fish vaccine development in plants, in particular, edible crops for oral fish vaccines."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "This review provides insight into (1) the current status of fish vaccine and vaccination in aquaculture, (2) plant biotechnology and edible crops for fish vaccines for oral administration, (3) regulatory constraints and (4) conclusions and future perspectives."

For more information on this research see: How can plant genetic engineering contribute to cost-effective fish vaccine development for promoting sustainable aquaculture? Plant Molecular Biology, 2013;83(1-2):33-40. Plant Molecular Biology can be contacted at: Springer, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013, USA. (Springer - www.springer.com; Plant Molecular Biology - www.springerlink.com/content/0167-4412/)

The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting J.L. Clarke, Bioforsk, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, As, Norway. Additional authors for this research include M.T. Waheed, A.G. Lossl, I. Martinussen and H. Daniell (see also Life Science Research).

Publisher contact information for the journal Plant Molecular Biology is: Springer, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013, USA.

Keywords for this news article include: As, Norway, Europe, Genetic Engineering, Life Science Research.

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC


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Source: Life Science Weekly


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