"These awards recognize the tremendous value of our
To be eligible for an award, the technology or process has to be in working and marketable condition -- no proof of concept prototypes are allowed -- and had to be first available for purchase or licensing during 2013.
Since 1962, when the annual competition began, the
The list of corresponding technologies and
* Sequential infiltration synthesis (SIS) lithography is a new way of creating nanoscale patterns for microelectronics manufacturing that will reduce cost and improve product performance. It reduces the number of steps needed for patterning a number of materials by removing the need for a "hard mask" layer during lithography.
* Without adequate protection, overcharging a lithium-ion battery can lead to all kinds of problems, perhaps the most significant of which is the risk of a sudden increase in the voltage leads to a rapid increase in temperature in a phenomenon called "thermal runaway," which can start fires. In order to make sure this doesn't happen, Argonne chemists have developed a chemical solution to the problem. Known as a redox shuttle additive, the chemical prevents overcharging by electrochemically "locking in" a maximum voltage that is dependent on the chemical structure of the additive and the nature of the battery material.
* The "NanoFab lab...in a box!" is a shoebox-sized mini-laboratory and "printing press" for growing nanowires. The standard technique to make them requires an expensive "clean room," a lab with extensive filters to keep out the hundreds of thousands of particles usually floating in the air. Nanowires are a relatively new technology, but scientists believe that they could have applications in fabricating transistors, in sensors, in solar cells and as electronic components.
Read more about these projects at the lab: www.anl.gov
Read more about these projects at the lab: www.bnl.gov
* The Advanced Electrolyte Model (AEM) is a powerful tool that analyzes and identifies potential electrolytes for battery systems. It offers significant resource savings by optimizing material combinations for new batteries. AEM predicts and reports key properties underlying electrolyte behavior in the electrochemical cell environment.
* The Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) makes it easier for scientists to predict phenomena ranging from nuclear fuel and reactor performance to groundwater and chemical movement. Such simulations can help speed the pace of scientific discovery but traditionally required more computing resources than most scientists and engineers could readily access.
Read more about these projects at the lab: www.inl.gov
* NREL worked with the company
Read more about these projects at the lab: http://www.nrel.gov/
* BioSig3D is a computational platform for high-content screening of three-dimensional cell culture models that are imaged in full 3-D volume. It is primarily used for the study of aberrant organization that is typically caused by cancer. It will also enable the evaluation and quantification of the effects of radiation exposures and environmental toxins in a more effective model system.
* Tissue-Specific Cell-Wall Engineering for Biofuels and Biomaterials is a suite of precision genetic tools that will improve crops bred for production of food, biofuels, industrial polymers, and pharmaceuticals. The technology fine-tunes lignin by manipulating chemical signals that govern plant-cell metabolism. This synthetic biology platform can enhance drought-resistance, make cattle forage more nutritious, and even coax plants or fungi to yield high-value drugs and biomaterials.
* The Berkeley Lab Multiplex Chemotyping Microarray performs rapid chemical analyses of prospective biofuel crops and microbial communities by combining high-throughput micro-contact printing technology with high-fidelity vibrational spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Its ability to rapidly identify the chemical composition and biological function in plant and animal cells is unparalleled.
Read more about these projects at the lab: http://www.lbl.gov/
* The microTLC is a miniaturized, field-portable kit that was originally developed to identify military explosives and has been modified to also identify and determine the purity of illicit drugs, pesticides and other compounds.
* The Superconducting Tunnel Junction X-ray Spectrometer offers more than 10 times higher energy resolution than current X-ray spectrometers based on silicon or germanium semiconductors.
* The development of an extreme-power, ultra-low-loss, dispersive element (EXUDE) is a technical innovation that allows spectral beam combining to reach unseen output levels - a novel approach to combine beams from many small lasers to produce a single higher-power beam.
* Convergent polishing is a new polishing method and system capable of finishing flat and spherical glass optics regardless of the workpieces' initial shape in a single iteration.
Read more about these projects at the lab: https://www.llnl.gov/
* A multiphase flow meter, Safire provides noninvasive, real-time, and accurate estimates of oil production for every well. Safire is based on SFAI, swept frequency acoustic interferometry and it uses frequency-chirp signal propagation (sideband ultrasonic frequency) through a multiphase medium to extract frequency dependent physical properties of said medium. Simple to use, Safire enables continuous measurements in fast-changing oil flows in rod-pumped wells, as well as other wells. * Acoustic Wavenumber Spectroscopy (AWS) generates images of hidden structural properties and/or defects. AWS generates such images by taking fast, full-field measurements of a structure's steady-state response to periodic ultrasonic excitation. AWS's novelty is in its ability to extract local wave propagation properties by using continuous, periodic ultrasonic excitation and continuous-scan sensing, which enables noninvasive, high-rate and high-resolution ultrasonic imaging.
Read more about these projects at the lab: http://www.lanl.gov/
* The Continuously Variable Series Reactor (CVSR) is a high power magnetic amplifier that controls power flow in power systems. In operation of power systems, where conditions constantly change, a single CVSR will provide smoothly variable alternating current circuit impedance, while a number of coordinated CVSR's installed throughout the power system can provide full power system control. CVSR's unique design helps to ensure full use of power system assets, increased reliability and efficiency and effective use of renewable resources.
* High Performance Silicon Carbide based Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Charger: This on-board battery charger technology for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles incorporates silicon carbide devices to provide 10 times the power density of current commercial charging systems, while delivering more efficient, higher power throughput for faster charging times. In addition, the charger significantly increases the vehicle's range and the battery pack can be charged from any available single-phase AC power outlet, allowing for cheaper off-peak hour charging while promoting a decreased dependence on expensive fossil-based fuels.
* Diagnosis Using the Chaos of Computing Systems (DUCCS): This ultra-lightweight hardware faults in processing units, accelerators, memory elements and interconnects of large-scale high-performance computing systems such as supercomputers, clusters and server farms. The software detects component faults in systems that handle large computational problems such as scientific computations, weather predictions and web data processing. DUCCS software provides critical diagnosis information that contributes to the resilience of computing systems in terms of error-free computations and sustained capacity.
* Ionic Liquid Anti-wear Additives for Fuel-efficient Engine Lubricants: The technology employs a group of ionic liquids that can be mixed with common lubricating oils to form a nanostructured protective film on bearing surfaces that effectively reduces friction and wear. This ionic lubricant technology has the potential to save
* Portable Aluminum Deposition System (PADS): The aluminum plating advancement is expected to replace hazardous coatings such as cadmium, thereby potentially strengthening the competiveness of
* The RF-DPF Diesel Particulate Filter Sensor: The RF-DPF is a radio frequency-based sensor and control system used to measure the amount, type, and distribution of contaminants on filters. This technology provides rapid real-time assessment of soot on diesel particulate filters, which allows greater precision in filter control, thereby reducing fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The RF-DPF can be used with light- and heavy-duty diesel vehicles and may enable longer filter life and overall system cost savings.
* Super-hydro-tunable HiPAS Membranes: This new class of membrane products can selectively separate molecules in the vapor/gas phase and perform liquid-phase separations, which could be especially useful in reducing the price of bio-ethanol, ethanol-gasoline blend fuels and drop-in fuels from bio-oil processing. The membrane acts as an energy-efficient alternative to the distillation process by using a superhydrophobic or superhydrophillic surface to separate molecules.
Read more about these projects at the lab: http://www.ornl.gov/
* Avegant's Glyphdz is a headset display that has no screen. Instead, its visor contains a PNNL-developed virtual retinal display, which reflects light onto the back of the viewer's eyes. Because the display mimics natural vision, it reduces nausea and eye-strain even with extended use. PNNL teamed with Avegant to demonstrate military applications for the headset, such as night-time maneuvers and piloting armored or unmanned vehicles. But the technology has many more applications, including surgery and virtual training.
* The Solar Thermochemical Advanced Reactor System, or STARS, converts natural gas and sunlight into a more energy-rich fuel called syngas, which power plants can burn to make electricity. The STARS uses a mirrored parabolic dish to concentrate sunlight on a pod about four feet long and two feet wide. The device contains a chemical reactor and several heat exchangers. Concentrated sunlight heats up the natural gas flowing through the reactor's channels, which hold a catalyst that helps turn natural gas into syngas. STARS has set a world record with 69 percent of the solar energy that hit the system's mirrored dish converted into chemical energy contained in the syngas.
* Many studies rely on precise knowledge of how solids and liquids interact on a molecular level, but liquids evaporate in the vacuum of certain instruments. PNNL developed the System for Analysis at the Liquid Vacuum Interface, or SALVI, that for the first time allows these instruments to image liquid samples in real-time and space. The sample flows through a channel to a window the size of a pinhole, where an ion beam performs analysis. Surface tension keeps the liquid from escaping the window. With SALVI, scientists can gain new insights about nanoparticles, bacteria, batteries and more.
Read more about these projects at the lab: http://www.pnl.gov/
* The Sandia anthrax detector cartridge, a credit-card sized, inexpensive anthrax detector works much like a pregnancy detector: the presence of certain chemicals causes a positive reaction in antibodies installed inside the detector. The Sandia system achieves the needed sensitivity through an ingenious microculture chamber that encourages a sparse sample of microorganism to grow to a detectable amount. After testing, the detector sterilizes at the push of a button, preventing positive samples from accumulating and falling into the wrong hands.
* Sandia researchers have developed a new plastic scintillator -- solid, instead of inconvenient liquid -- that gives off more light at less cost, and responds faster than current scintillators to screen cargo at ports of entry for controlled radiological materials. The unique timing response also provides the ability to discriminate threat materials from benign radiation sources. Triplet-harvesting refers to a process that converts energy from an organic polymer matrix to highly luminescent triplet energy states on organometallic dopant complexes.
* Goma 6.0 is open-source software available to those interested in simulating manufacturing processes. For material-processing problems, such as making flat-panel glass, producing reinforced materials for power lines, and drying polymers, Goma 6.0 efficiently solves the underpinning equations of mass, momentum, energy and chemical species transport. The program has unprecedented flexibility for mixing and matching physical-chemical interactions, for developing specialty physics models, and at solving problems in capillary hydrodynamics, such as coating flows and liquid absorption by a porous material.
Read more about these projects at the lab: http://www.sandia.gov/
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