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Health | Humanity
Shorter-Term Strategies to Break Addiction
Individuals who are prone to addiction typically discount the future by choosing instant gratification (e.g., drugs) over a long-term benefit (e.g., health). Ironically, those with higher rates of future discounting may be more responsive to treatment to improve self-control.
In a study of people addicted to stimulants, heroin, or tobacco, participants with greater concern for the future were less responsive to training to delay gratification; the reverse was found for those who "live in the moment."
The key appears to be to improve an addicted individual's working memory, which can enhance self-control, according to
"A simple cognitive test that measures the degree to which individuals live in the moment might help us personalize treatments for their addictions," he said in a press statement.
Climate Change | EartH
Bracing for Rising Seas
Freshwater sources may turn to saltwater, wetlands that helped prevent erosion may disappear, and valuable beachfront property may be constantly flooded. These are a few of the possible effects of climate change that places like
How soon, how fast, and how much sea levels will rise by the end of the century are still unanswered questions, but reliable long-term predictions may be available within the next five years, researchers believe.
"That means we'll know what to expect and have 70 years to plan," says Price. "In a subject that has so much uncertainty, this gives us the gift of long-term planning."
Management | CommErCE
IT's Next Challenge: "Bring Your Own App"
Workers are increasingly using not just their own de- vices, but also their own favorite applications. This in- creased self-sufficiency comes as a surprise to IT managers, who grossly underestimate the practice, according to a recent survey by
The study's authors suggest that the trend is a result of two major drivers in IT: a profusion of cloud services and the "consumerization" of professional services. In other words, instead of asking the office IT manager for help sending large files to a client, employees are opting for services like Dropbox.
Since employees are bypassing the IT department's solutions, some businesses may begin to question the need for an IT department. So, IT professionals, take heed.
"We believe that the role of IT needs to be fundamentally redefined if IT professionals want to regain their strategic voice," warns
Medicine | SCi/tECH
We are rapidly entering the "age of nanotheranostics," says
Medical nanotechnology deployed for both diagnosing and treating disease gives us nanotheranostics. These novel, "combination drugs" will blur the lines between physical devices and chemical drugs, he says, and offer opportunities for progress in medical specialties such as oncology, neuroscience, cardiology, and immunology.
Bawa will be speaking on nano medicine at WorldFuture 2014: What If, the
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