News Column

"Dental Implant and Method of Implantation" in Patent Application Approval Process

June 12, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Politics & Government Week -- A patent application by the inventor Dukhan, Mazen (Edelb, SY), filed on January 9, 2014, was made available online on May 29, 2014, according to news reporting originating from Washington, D.C., by VerticalNews correspondents.

This patent application has not been assigned to a company or institution.

The following quote was obtained by the news editors from the background information supplied by the inventors: "Prosthetic dental devices are very often necessary to replace natural teeth which are lost due to infection, disease, or some type of trauma. The dental endosteal or endosseous implant utilized for this practice is surgically implanted within the patient's mandibular or maxillary alveolar bone. After the gum and bone from the implantation process has healed, the implant is fitted with a tooth-simulating prosthesis or crown.

"However, current implants and their methods of implantation have a number of limitations and disadvantages. For instance, most dental implant procedures require the installation of implants which protrude out of the gum and are thus exposed. This results both in prolonged discomfort for the patient and the possibility of implant malformation or failure during the initial healing process. Protruding devices also subject the effected area to infection or gum disease. Current methods also employ dental implants which often are unstable or which do not efficiently and/or effectively tap into the bone, thus creating additional problems for patient and dentist. Moreover, the use of known dental .implants and implant techniques require excessive dental hardware, resulting in a more time consuming process and greater expense. Significantly, the time period necessary to complete the dental implant implantation to finished crown procedure, including the allowance of an adequate healing period, is lengthy, usually at least six months.

"In addition, while dental implants are commonly inserted into prepared jaw bone sites as a fixture for a dental crown, prosthetic dental bridge, or other dental appliance, known implants will not simulate the natural tooth, which is supported by its periodontal ligament, from occlusal forces. These three occlusal forces, apical-coronal, buccal-lingual, and mesial-distal, can press a tooth in a certain direction, thereby meeting resistance from the periodontal ligament. The stress generated around the tooth is distributed around and, in effect, cushions the tooth for maximum protection. There is thus little movement, termed micro-motion, of the tooth in its socket. However, there is no periodontal ligament around a dental implant, so the result is that there is no cushion protection.

"Current implants and their installation methods utilize a surgical flap, a procedure which requires prolong discomfort for the patient and multiple sutures. Protruding devices also subject the effected area to infection or gum disease. Current methods also require many drilling sequences, with excessive dental hardware, in order to insert a given implant, depending on the implant's size and shape. Usually the drill is not much smaller than the size of the implant. For instance a 3.5 mm drill is suitable to fit a 3.6 mm or 3.7 mm dental implant. Clinically, in many cases, the width of bone is very small, e.g. 3-4 mm, so there are no additional size options for the suitable implant size which is needed, particularly when the patient is in discomfort, due to bone grafting and other procedures."

In addition to the background information obtained for this patent application, VerticalNews journalists also obtained the inventor's summary information for this patent application: "It is thus the object of the present invention to provide a dental implant and method of implantation which overcomes the disadvantages and limitations of prior implants and methods of their use.

"It is an object of the present invention to provide a dental implant which is uniquely configured to be tapped into the bone of the patient efficiently and effectively with the least trauma to the patient during the procedure.

"It is another object of the present invention to provide a dental implant which provides a high degree of initial implant stability during the implantation process.

"It is a further object of the present invention to provide a dental implant which has a back tapered coronal design for maximum alveolar volume and improved soft tissue support.

"It is still another object of the present invention to provide a dental implant which has an upper platform for greater soft tissue interface.

"It is another object of the present invention to provide a dental implant which, in its method of implantation, is readily adaptable for use with a healing screw, a unique abatement member, and ultimately a permanent prosthesis or crown.

"It is the object of the present invention to provide a method of implantation of the uniquely configured dental implant described herein which provides less drilling into the patient's bone and thus minimum trauma to the patient.

"It is a further object of the present invention to provide a dental implantation method Which utilizes minimal dental hardware and thus reduces the period of time for the implantation process and the expense of the process.

"It is still another object of the present invention to provide a dental implantation method which utilizes a flexible abutment which simulates the micro-movement of a natural tooth, serving as a cushion to provide protection from unexpected forces affecting the implant, reducing trauma and complications, reducing healing time, and providing an implant which can be connected to a natural tooth or dental prosthetic bridge or like dental appliance.

"It is a further object of the present invention to provide a dental implant implantation method which materially reduces the healing time and ultimately the time before which a permanent crown or prosthesis can be secured.

"These and other objects are accomplished by the present invention, a self-tapping dental implant which has a unitary body with an open end and a bottom tip end. The implant is tapered downward from the open top to the tip end and has an internal cavity extending for substantially the length of the implant. Smooth inner sidewalls are located at the upper end of the cavity and internal threads extend from the sidewalls down into the cavity. The dental implant method utilizes the unique dental implant, along with a flexible sleeve, a solid abatement member, and dental attachment screw, to place the implant with minimal patient trauma, while simulating the micro-movement of a natural tooth.

"The novel features which are considered as characteristic of the invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention, itself, however, both as to its design, construction and use, together with additional features and advantages thereof, are best understood upon review of the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

"FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIG. 2 is an elevation view of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIG. 3 is another elevation view of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIG. 4 is still another elevation view of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIG. 5 is another elevation view of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIG. 6 is a top view of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIG. 7 is a bottom view of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIGS. 9-16 depicts one method of installation of the dental implant and crown according to the present invention.

"FIG. 17 is a view of a plurality of dental implants utilized to secure corresponding crowns in the mouth of a user.

"FIGS. 18a-h show various additional views of the dental implant of the present invention.

"FIGS. 19a-c show the dental components utilized in the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention.

"FIGS. 20a-g show various views of the abatement member used in the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention.

"FIGS. 21a-g show various views of the flexible sleeve utilized in the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention.

"FIGS. 22a-f show various views of the dental screw utilized in the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention.

"FIGS. 23a-c show the various components of the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention joined as they would be positioned to receive a crown, dental bridge, or other dental prosthesis.

"FIGS. 24a-e illustrate the effect of vertical, micro-movement of the dental implant in accordance with the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention.

"FIGS. 25a-e illustrate the effect of lateral micro-movement of the dental implant in accordance with the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention.

"FIGS. 26a-c show various views of the drill utilized in the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention.

"FIGS. 27a-b show views of the healing screw utilized in the alternate dental implantation method of the present invention."

URL and more information on this patent application, see: Dukhan, Mazen. Dental Implant and Method of Implantation. Filed January 9, 2014 and posted May 29, 2014. Patent URL: http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-adv.html&r=2536&p=51&f=G&l=50&d=PG01&S1=20140522.PD.&OS=PD/20140522&RS=PD/20140522

Keywords for this news article include: Patents, Surgery, Dentistry, Bone Research, Dental Implantation, Prosthesis Implantation, Preprosthetic Oral Surgical Procedures.

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Source: Politics & Government Week


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