News Column

New Ethanol Study Findings Have Been Reported from North Carolina State University

June 10, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Investigators publish new report on Ethanol. According to news reporting from Raleigh, North Carolina, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "The amount of residual lignin and hemicelluloses in softwood fibers was systematically varied by SO2-ethanol-water fractionation for integrated biorefinery with nanomaterial and biofuel production. On the basis of their low energy demand in mechanical processing, the fibers were deconstructed to lignocellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) and used as substrate for bioconversion."

The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from North Carolina State University, "The effect of LCNF composition on saccharification via multicomponent enzymes was investigated at different loadings. LCNF digestibility was compared with the enzyme activity measured with a quartz crystal microbalance. LCNF hydrolysis rate gradually decreased with lignin and hemicellulose concentration, both of which limited enzyme accessibility. Enzyme inhibition resulted from non-productive binding of proteins onto lignin. Near complete LCNF hydrolysis was achieved, even at high lignin and hemicellulose content."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Sugar yields for LCNF were higher than those for precursor SEW fibers, highlighting the benefits of high surface area in LCNF."

For more information on this research see: Effects of residual lignin and heteropolysaccharides on the bioconversion of softwood lignocellulose nanofibrils obtained by SO2-ethanol-water fractionation. Bioresource Technology, 2014;161():55-62. Bioresource Technology can be contacted at: Elsevier Sci Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, Oxon, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Bioresource Technology - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/405854)

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting L.O. Morales, North Carolina State University, Dept. of Chem & Biomol Engn, Raleigh, NC 27695, United States. Additional authors for this research include M. Iakovlev, R. Martin-Sampedro, J.L. Rahikainen, J. Laine, A. van Heiningen and O.J. Rojas (see also Ethanol).

Keywords for this news article include: Raleigh, Alcohols, United States, Ethanolamines, North Carolina, Enzymes and Coenzymes, North and Central America

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC


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Source: Life Science Weekly


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