Reports from Annamalai University Describe Recent Advances in Nanoparticles [Mosquito larvicidal properties of silver nanoparticles synthesized using Heliotropium indicum (Boraginaceae) against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi, and Culex ...]
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Investigators publish new report on Nanoparticles. According to news reporting originating from Tamil Nadu, India, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Mosquitoes transmit dreadful diseases to human beings wherein biological control of these vectors using plant-derived molecules would be an alternative to reduce mosquito population. In the present study activity of aqueous leaf extract and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized using Helitropium indicum plant leaves against late third instar larvae of Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from Annamalai University, "The range of varying concentrations of synthesized AgNPs (8, 16, 24, 32, and 40 mu g/mL) and aqueous leaf extract (30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 mu g/mL) were tested against the larvae of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus. The synthesized AgNPs from H. indicum were highly toxic than crude leaf aqueous extract in three important vector mosquito species. The results were recorded from UV-Vis spectrum, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and histogram. The synthesized AgNPs showed larvicidal effects after 24 h of exposure. Considerable mortality was evident after the treatment of H. indicum for all three important vector mosquitoes. The LC50 and LC90 values of H. indicum aqueous leaf extract appeared to be effective against A. stephensi (LC50, 68.73 mu g/mL; LC90, 121.07 mu g/mL) followed by A. aegypti (LC50, 72.72 mu g/mL; LC90, 126.86 mu g/mL) and C. quinquefasciatus (LC50, 78.74 mu g/mL; LC90, 134.39 mu g/mL). Synthesized AgNPs against the vector mosquitoes of A. stephensi, A. aegypti, and C. quinquefasciatus had the following LC50 and LC90 values: A. stephensi had LC50 and LC90 values of 18.40 and 32.45 mu g/mL, A. aegypti had LC50 and LC90 values of 20.10 and 35.97 mu g/mL, and C. quinquefasciatus had LC50 and LC90 values of 21.84 and 38.10 mu g/mL. No mortality was observed in the control. These results suggest that the leaf aqueous extracts of H. indicum and green synthesis of silver nanoparticles have the potential to be used as an ideal ecofriendly approach for the control of A. stephensi, A. aegypti, and C. quinquefasciatus."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "This is the first report on the mosquito larvicidal activity of the plant extracts and synthesized nanoparticles."
For more information on this research see: Mosquito larvicidal properties of silver nanoparticles synthesized using Heliotropium indicum (Boraginaceae) against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi, and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitology Research, 2014;113(6):2363-2373. Parasitology Research can be contacted at: Springer, 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013, USA. (Springer - www.springer.com; Parasitology Research - www.springerlink.com/content/0932-0113/)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting K. Veerakumar, Annamalai Univ, Dept. of Zool, Unit Vector Biol & Phytochem, Annamalainagar 608002, Tamil Nadu, India. Additional authors for this research include M. Govindarajan, M. Rajeswary and U. Muthukumaran (see also Nanoparticles).
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, India, Tamil Nadu, Nanotechnology, Emerging Technologies
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