New Plant Biology Study Results from China University of Science and Technology Described [Isolation and functional characterization of JcFT, a FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) homologous gene from the biofuel plant Jatropha curcas]
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Biotech Week -- Investigators discuss new findings in Life Science Research. According to news reporting out of Anhui, People's Republic of China, by NewsRx editors, research stated, "Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) is a potential feedstock for biofuel production because Jatropha oil is highly suitable for the production of the biodiesel and bio-jet fuels. However, Jatropha exhibits low seed yield as a result of unreliable and poor flowering."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the China University of Science and Technology, "FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) -like genes are important flowering regulators in higher plants. To date, the flowering genes in Jatropha have not yet been identified or characterized. To better understand the genetic control of flowering in Jatropha, an FT homolog was isolated from Jatropha and designated as JcFT. Sequence analysis and phylogenetic relationship of JcFT revealed a high sequence similarity with the FT genes of Litchi chinensis, Populus nigra and other perennial plants. JcFT was expressed in all tissues of adult plants except young leaves, with the highest expression level in female flowers. Overexpression of JcFT in Arabidopsis and Jatropha using the constitutive promoter cauliflower mosaic virus 35S or the phloem-specific promoter Arabidopsis SUCROSE TRANSPORTER 2 promoter resulted in an extremely early flowering phenotype. Furthermore, several flowering genes downstream of JcFT were up-regulated in the JcFT-overexpression transgenic plant lines. JcFT may encode a florigen that acts as a key regulator in flowering pathway."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "This study is the first to functionally characterize a flowering gene, namely, JcFT, in the biofuel plant Jatropha."
For more information on this research see: Isolation and functional characterization of JcFT, a FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) homologous gene from the biofuel plant Jatropha curcas. BMC Plant Biology, 2014;14():2-12. BMC Plant Biology can be contacted at: Biomed Central Ltd, 236 Grays Inn Rd, Floor 6, London WC1X 8HL, England. (BioMed Central - www.biomedcentral.com/; BMC Plant Biology - www.biomedcentral.com/bmcplantbiol/)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting C.Q. Li, China University of Science & Technology, Sch Life Sci, Hefei 230027, Anhui, People's Republic of China. Additional authors for this research include L. Luo, Q.T. Fu, L.J. Niu and Z.F. Xu (see also Life Science Research).
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Biotechnology, Anhui, Energy, Biofuel, Oil and Gas, Bioengineering, Life Science Research, People's Republic of China
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