New Findings on Bone Research from City University of Hong Kong Summarized (Multilevel surface engineering of nanostructured TiO2 on carbon-fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Health & Medicine Week -- Current study results on Bone Research have been published. According to news reporting originating from Hong Kong, People's Republic of China, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "As an implantable material, carbon-fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone (CFRPEEK) possesses an adjustable elastic modulus similar to that of cortical bone and is a prime candidate to replace metallic surgical implants. However, the bioinertness and poor osteogenic properties of CFRPEEK limit its clinical application as orthopedic implants."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from the City University of Hong Kong, "In this work, titanium ions are introduced energetically into CFRPEEK by plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) reveal the formation of nanopores with the side wall and bottom embedded with similar to 20 nm TiO2 nanoparticles on the CFRPEEK surface. Nanoindentation measurements confirm the stability and improved elastic resistance of the structured surfaces. In vitro cell adhesion, viability assay, and real-time PCR analyses disclose enhanced adhesion, proliferation, and osteo-differentiation of rat bone mesenchymal stem cells (bMSCs). The multilevel structures on CFRPEEK also exhibit partial antibacterial activity to Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Our results indicate that a surface with multifunctional biological properties can be produced by multilevel surface engineering and application of CFRPEEK to orthopedic and dental implants can be broadened and expedited based on this scheme."
For more information on this research see: Multilevel surface engineering of nanostructured TiO2 on carbon-fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone. Biomaterials, 2014;35(22):5731-5740. Biomaterials can be contacted at: Elsevier Sci Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, Oxon, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Biomaterials - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/30392)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting T. Lu, City University of Hong Kong, Dept. of Phys & Mat Sci, Kowloon, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China. Additional authors for this research include X.Y. Liu, S. Qian, H.L. Cao, Y.Q. Qiao, Y.F. Mei, P.K. Chu and C.X. Ding (see also Bone Research).
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Hong Kong, Engineering, Bone Research, People's Republic of China
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