By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Technology -- Researchers detail new data in Biomechanics. According to news reporting originating from Delft, Netherlands, by VerticalNews correspondents, research stated, "Current clinical methods for fracture prediction rely on two-dimensional imaging methods such as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and have limited predictive value. Several researchers have tried to integrate three-dimensional imaging techniques with the finite element (FE) method to improve the accuracy of fracture predictions."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from the Delft University of Technology, "Before FE models could be used in clinical settings, a thorough validation of their accuracy is required. In this paper, we try to evaluate the current state of accuracy of subject-specific FE models that are used for prediction of the fracture load of proximal femora. All the studies that have used FE for prediction of fracture load and have compared the predicted fracture load with experimentally measured fracture loads in vitro are identified through a systematic search of the literature. A quantitative analysis of the results of those studies has been carried out to determine the absolute prediction error, percentage error, and linear correlations between predicted and measured fracture loads. The reported coefficients of determination (R-2) vary between 0.773 and 0.96 while the percentage error in prediction of fracture load varies between 5 and 46% with most studies reporting percentage errors between 10 and 20%. We conclude that FE models, which are currently used only experimentally, are in general more accurate than clinically used fracture risk assessment techniques. However, the accuracy of FE models depends on the details of their modeling methodologies."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Therefore, modeling procedures need to be optimized and standardized before FE could be used in clinical settings."
For more information on this research see: How accurately can we predict the fracture load of the proximal femur using finite element models? Clinical Biomechanics, 2014;29(4):373-380. Clinical Biomechanics can be contacted at: Elsevier Sci Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, Oxon, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Clinical Biomechanics - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/30397)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting S. van den Munckhof, Delft Univ Technol TU Delft, Fac Mech Maritime & Mat Engn, Dept. of Biomech Engn, NL-2628 CD Delft, Netherlands.
Keywords for this news article include: Delft, Europe, Netherlands, Biomechanics
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