Chairman Bucshon, Ranking Member Lipinski, and members of this Subcommittee, thank you for inviting me to testify about the future of surface transportation and the R&D efforts underway that will drive this nation to developing a fully modernized, 21st century transportation system.
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) represent the future of surface transportation, encompassing a broad range of information and communications technologies that are and will continue improving transportation safety, efficiency, convenience and system performance. When integrated into the nation's roadways, vehicles, and public transit networks, ITS reduces congestion, improves mobility, saves lives and optimizes existing infrastructure. Examples of ITS include advanced traffic, freight, and incident management systems; synchronized and adaptive traffic signals; electronic tolling and payment systems; real-time traffic, transit, routing and parking information; collision avoidance and response technologies; vehicle-to-vehicle communications, automated vehicle systems, high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes; dynamic carsharing and ridesharing; infrastructure condition assessment technologies; and many other high-tech solutions.
It is widely accepted that a transportation system which enables the efficient movement of goods and people is necessary for economic growth. Inventory deliveries, shipments to customers and a ready workforce all benefit from a predictable and free-flowing transportation system. In the future, ITS will build upon these efficiencies using real-time traffic data to reduce congestion via integrated corridor management, real-time incident and emergency response systems, traveler information systems, traffic signal optimization, electronic truck inspections, and even simple things like ramp meters. In addition, this same real-time data is being used by private sector innovators to give today's commuters better information about current traffic conditions, more efficient routing alternatives, public transportation options and even available car and truck parking spaces.
Moreover, researchers from the
Connected Vehicle Technology and the Importance of R&D
You may have seen the
Connected vehicle technology truly represents the next giant leap for vehicle and highway safety. Historically, the auto industry has focused its safety efforts on mitigating the impacts of a crash after it happens. V2V technologies will sharply reduce the number of fatalities and injuries on our nation's roads by preventing crashes before they happen. A recent NHTSA study found the estimated impact from vehicle crashes to be
V2V communications will also have a direct impact on reducing congestion on our roadways. According to the
V2V communications technology operates via
Other companies are working to integrate DSCR into smart phones, aftermarket devices and traffic infrastructure so these groundbreaking safety benefits can be extended to all transportation users including pedestrians, motorcyclists and bicyclists. This promises to further reduce the number of deaths and injuries on our nation's roads while unleashing a new wave of innovation, from advanced traffic management systems to real-time traffic, transit, road weather and parking information.
Even before we achieve a fully-deployed connected vehicle network, the explosion of real-time transportation information, location data, wireless billing and smart phone platforms made possible by the continued advancement of V2V technologies, will have dramatically transformed mobility, providing commuters with a plethora of new options from car-sharing, ride-sharing and on-demand services to smart parking and navigation apps. Already, small businesses like Uber, Lyft, WAZE, RideScout, Car2Go, Streetline, ParkMobile, Parkopedia, Getaround, and many other companies, which didn't exist five years ago, are fast becoming household names using wireless technology and transportation data to provide more efficient and convenient services to the public.
Connected Vehicle Technology: Ensuring Security and Anonymity
Today's market is enchanted by driverless vehicles, which is creating even greater excitement around the ITS industry. However, autonomous and connected transportation produces incredible amounts of data which needs to be collected, analyzed, secured and in some cases made available. While this provides tremendous opportunity for innovation, our future transportation network faces the potential for cyber-attacks and concerns regarding driver anonymity. Sustained R&D will be critical toward ensuring uncompromised security for the V2V system. Though a final security system design has been developed, it still requires testing and verification and will continually need to be monitored and tested as we advance the deployment of connected vehicle technologies. Ensuring anonymity on the other hand, is already possible through the DSRC protocols which only allows for beaconing between vehicles as well as between vehicles and infrastructure on the 5.9 GHz band of spectrum. Such communications create an immediate awareness for the driver about the vehicles surroundings but cannot enable the recognition of other vehicles and/or drivers.
In summation, V2V technologies represent the future of surface transportation safety, mobility and traffic congestion mitigation. This nation is poised to leap into this new world of vehicle communications with vastly improved throughput, expanded mobility and, most importantly, a reduction in car crashes by as much as 80 percent. With more than 33,000 fatalities annually on our nation's roadways, continued full funding of the ITS Research Program will be critical for reducing these preventable tragedies and for enabling the more efficient movement of goods and people to drive our nation's economy forward.
Finally, the innovations described here will be showcased from
I thank you for the opportunity to testify, and look forward to answering your questions.
Read this original document at: http://science.house.gov/sites/republicans.science.house.gov/files/documents/HHRG-113-SY14-WState-SBelcher-20140618.pdf
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