News Column

Findings from University of Granada Yields New Findings on Risk Management

June 27, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Insurance Weekly News -- New research on Risk Management is the subject of a report. According to news reporting out of Granada, Spain, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "The current study tested for the first time the effect of individual differences in circadian rhythmicity (chronotype) on both driving performance and its evolution along time on task. Morning-type and evening-type female participants were tested in morning (8 am) and evening (8 pm) sessions, in which we controlled for prior sleep duration and prior wake."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the University of Granada, "Measures of body temperature, subjective activation and affect, reaction times (RT) in the Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT), behavioral performance (error position) and EEG alpha power during simulated driving were collected. The main result showed strong linear increments of mean and standard deviation of error position along time on task (vigilance decrement) when evening-type participants drove at their non-optimal time of day, that is, during the morning session. In contrast, driving performance in the morning-type group remained stable over time on task and was not affected by time of day. This finding can be due to differences in personality traits (e.g., conscientiousness, sensation seeking) and task appraisal associated to extreme chronotypes."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The consideration of chronotype in vigilance and driving tasks can enhance safety and human performance by promoting work schedules and countermeasures to prevent failures in the accomplishment of tasks under non-optimal circadian conditions."

For more information on this research see: Effects of chronotype and time of day on the vigilance decrement during simulated driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2014;67():113-118. Accident Analysis and Prevention can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Accident Analysis and Prevention - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/336)

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting A. Correa, University of Granada, Center Invest Mente Cerebro & Comportamiento, E-18071 Granada, Spain. Additional authors for this research include E. Molina and D. Sanabria.

Keywords for this news article include: Spain, Europe, Granada, Risk Management

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Source: Insurance Weekly News


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