By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Energy Weekly News -- Investigators publish new report on Nanotechnology. According to news reporting out of Ann Arbor, Michigan, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "Multilayer donor regions in organic photovoltaics show improved power conversion efficiency when arranged in decreasing exciton energy order from the anode to the acceptor interface. These so-called 'energy cascades' drive exciton transfer from the anode to the dissociating interface while reducing exciton quenching and allowing improved overlap with the solar spectrum."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the University of Michigan, "Here we investigate the relative importance of exciton transfer and blocking in a donor cascade employing diphenyltetracene (D1), rubrene (D2), and tetraphenyldibenzoperiflanthene (D3) whose optical gaps monotonically decrease from D1 to D3. In this structure, D1 blocks excitons from quenching at the anode, D2 accepts transfer of excitons from D1 and blocks excitons at the interface between D2 and D3, and D3 contributes the most to the photocurrent due to its strong absorption at visible wavelengths, while also determining the open circuit voltage. We observe singlet exciton Forster transfer from D1 to D2 to D3 consistent with cascade operation. The power conversion efficiency of the optimized cascade OPV with a C-60 acceptor layer is 7.1 +/- 0.4%, which is significantly higher than bilayer devices made with only the individual donors."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "We develop a quantitative model to identify the dominant exciton processes that govern the photocurrent generation in multilayer organic structures."
For more information on this research see: Exciton Management in Organic Photovoltaic Multidonor Energy Cascades. Nano Letters, 2014;14(5):2353-2358. Nano Letters can be contacted at: Amer Chemical Soc, 1155 16TH St, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA. (American Chemical Society - www.acs.org; Nano Letters - www.pubs.acs.org/journal/nalefd)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting O.L. Griffith, University of Michigan, Dept. of Mat Sci & Engn, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States.
Keywords for this news article include: Michigan, Ann Arbor, Electronics, Photovoltaic, United States, Nanotechnology, North and Central America
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