By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Science Letter -- Researchers detail new data in Acrylates. According to news reporting originating in Garching, Germany, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "We have investigated the thermal behavior, local structure, and dynamics in a system where 25 wt % PEO [poly(ethylene oxide)] linear chains are mixed with 75 wt % PMMA [poly(methyl methacrylate)] soft nanoparticles. Calorimetric and wide-angle X-ray scattering experiments point to a weak penetration of the PEO chains in the nanoparticles, qualifying the mixture as a nanocomposite."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, "Quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) experiments on partially deuterated samples has selectively revealed the component dynamics in the system. The alpha-methyl group dynamics of PMMA, which fall within the QENS time scale in the temperature range investigated, are hardly affected by the presence of PEO except for hints of a more heterogeneous environment in the nanocomposite than in bulk PMMA. The effects on the dynamics of PEO are more interesting. The observation of dynamics in the microseconds range for the PEO component of the nanocomposite at temperatures at which the calorimetric experiments indicate the freezing of its segmental relaxation provides evidence for confined dynamics below the main glass transition of the mixture-attributable to the effective glass transition of the slow component. A parallel study on an equivalent blend of PEO and linear PMMA chains shows that these effects are independent of the topology of the PMMA. However, well above the effective glass transition of the slow component, the dynamics of PEO differ in both systems. In the linear blend, PEO segments move with the typical features of supercooled polymers in metastable equilibrium, while in the nanocomposite PEO dynamics exhibit an anomalously strong deviation from Gaussian behavior. This deviation grows with increased mobility of the nanoparticles. PEO segments are seemingly trapped in effective cages imposed by the nanoparticles for a very long time-more than 2 orders of magnitude longer than in bulk or when surrounded by linear PMMA chains-before the subdiffusive process leading to segmental relaxation sets in."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "We speculate that local loops in the surface of the nanoparticles may play an important role in this trapping mechanism."
For more information on this research see: Investigation of a Nanocomposite of 75 wt % Poly(methyl methacrylate) Nanoparticles with 25 wt % Poly(ethylene oxide) Linear Chains: A Quasielatic Neutron Scattering, Calorimetric, and WAXS Study. Macromolecules, 2014;47(9):3005-3016. Macromolecules can be contacted at: Amer Chemical Soc, 1155 16TH St, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA. (American Chemical Society - www.acs.org; Macromolecules - www.pubs.acs.org/journal/mamobx)
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting D. Bhowmik, Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Julich Center Neutron Sci, Outstn Heinz Maier Leibnitz Zentrum, D-85747 Garching, Germany. Additional authors for this research include J.A. Pomposo, F. Juranyi, V.G. Sakai, M. Zamponi, A. Arbe and J. Colmenero (see also Acrylates).
Keywords for this news article include: Europe, Germany, Alkenes, Garching, Nanoparticle, Methacrylates, Ethylene Oxide, Nanotechnology, Epoxy Compounds, Emerging Technologies
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