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New Findings on Chemical Engineering from Amirkabir University of Technology Summarized

June 18, 2014

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Engineering -- Investigators discuss new findings in Chemical Engineering. According to news reporting out of Tehran, Iran, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "In this article, laminar forced convection of nanofluids in a parallel plate microchannel under constant wall temperature is numerically investigated. A Eulerian-Lagrangian two-phase method is employed to simulate the flow and heat transfer of nanofluid in the microchannel."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the Amirkabir University of Technology, "Navier-Stokes equations were solved using a finite difference method based on the projection algorithm while a Runge-Kutta method have been used to solve Lagrangian equations of the particle phase. A parallel code is developed on a cluster of processors which indicates a good performance to solve an Eulerian-Lagrangian problem. The convective heat transfer coefficient of nanofluids is better than the base fluid particularly in the entrance region. The results based on two phase modelling, show a slightly greater improvement in the heat transfer coefficient in comparison to the homogeneous single-phase nanofluid method. The obtained results show that the heat transfer enhancement increases as the nanoparticles volume fraction increases, and decreases with the Reynolds number for Cu-water nanofluid, while the alumina-water nanofluid have a different behaviour."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "A comparison of two different nanofluids showed the importance considering all of the nanofluid's properties not just thermal conductivity."

For more information on this research see: Heat transfer investigation of laminar developing flow of nanofluids in a microchannel based on Eulerian-Lagrangian approach. Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2014;92(6):1139-1149. Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering can be contacted at: Wiley-Blackwell, 111 River St, Hoboken 07030-5774, NJ, USA. (Wiley-Blackwell -; Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering -

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting M. Mirzaei, Amirkabir Univ Technol, Dept. of Mech Engn, Tehran, Iran. Additional authors for this research include M. Saffar-Avval and H. Naderan.

Keywords for this news article include: Iran, Asia, Tehran, Chemical Engineering

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Source: Journal of Engineering

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