By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Cancer Weekly -- Current study results on Lipoproteins have been published. According to news reporting from Rome, Italy, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "When nanoparticles (NPs) enter a physiological environment, medium components compete for binding to the NP surface leading to formation of a rich protein shell known as the 'protein corona'. Unfortunately, opsonins are also adsorbed."
The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from Sapienza University, "These proteins are immediately recognized by the phagocyte system with rapid clearance of the NPs from the bloodstream. Polyethyleneglycol (PEG) coating of NPs (PEGylation) is the most efficient anti-opsonization strategy. Linear chains of PEG, grafted onto the NP surface, are able to create steric hindrance, resulting in a significant inhibition of protein adsorption and less recognition by macrophages. However, excessive PEGylation can lead to a strong inhibition of cellular uptake and less efficient binding with protein targets, reducing the potential of the delivery system. To reach a compromise in this regard we employed a multi-component (MC) lipid system with uncommon properties of cell uptake and endosomal escape and increasing length of PEG chains. Nano liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS) analysis allowed us to accurately determine the corona composition showing that apolipoproteins are the most abundant class in the corona and that increasing the PEG length reduced the protein adsorption and the liposomal surface affinity for apolipoproteins. Due to the abundance of apolipoproteins, we exploited the 'protein corona effect' to deliver cationic liposome-human plasma complexes to human prostate cancer PC3 cells that express a high level of scavenger receptor class B type 1 in order to evaluate the cellular uptake efficiency of the systems used."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Combining laser scanning confocal microscopy with flow cytometry analysis in PC3 cells we demonstrated that MC-PEG2k is the best compromise between an anti-opsonization strategy and active targeting and could be a promising candidate to treat prostate cancer in vivo."
For more information on this research see: Effect of polyethyleneglycol (PEG) chain length on the bio-nano-interactions between PEGylated lipid nanoparticles and biological fluids: from nanostructure to uptake in cancer cells. Nanoscale, 2014;6(5):2782-92. (Royal Society of Chemistry - www.rsc.org/; Nanoscale - pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/nr)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting D. Pozzi, Dept. of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 291, 00161 Rome, Italy. Additional authors for this research include V. Colapicchioni, G. Caracciolo, S. Piovesana, A.L. Capriotti, S. Palchetti, S. De Grossi, A. Riccioli, H. Amenitsch and A. Lagana (see also Lipoproteins).
Keywords for this news article include: Rome, Italy, Europe, Cancer, Oncology, Apoproteins, Nanoparticle, Nanotechnology, Apolipoproteins, Emerging Technologies.
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