News Column

Researchers from Ocean University of China Report New Studies and Findings in the Area of Alcohols

May 16, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Energy Weekly News -- Investigators publish new report on Alcohols. According to news reporting originating in Qingdao, People's Republic of China, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "A full-electrochemical method is developed to deposit three dimension structure (3D) flowerlike platinum-ruthenium (PtRu) and platinum-ruthenium-nickel (PtRuNi) alloy nanoparticle clusters on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) through a three-step process. The structure and elemental composition of the PtRu/MWCNTs and PtRuNi/MWCNTs catalysts are characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray polycrystalline diffraction (XRD), IRIS advantage inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)."

The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the Ocean University of China, "The presence of Pt(0), Ru(0), Ni(0), Ni(OH)(2), NiOOH, RuO2 and NiO is deduced from XPS data. Electrocatalytic properties of the resulting PtRu/MWCNTs and PtRuNi/MWCNTs nanocomposites for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) are investigated. Compared with the Pt/MWCNTs, PtNi/MWCNTs and PtRu/MWCNTs electrodes, an enhanced electrocatalytic activity and an appreciably improved resistance to CO poisoning are observed for the PtRuNi/MWCNTs electrode, which are attributed to the synergetic effect of bifunctional catalysis, three dimension structure, and oxygen functional groups which generated after electrochemical activation treatment on MWCNTs surface. The effect of electrodeposition conditions for the metal complexes on the composition and performance of the alloy nanoparticle clusters is also investigated. The optimized ratios for PtRu and PtRuNi alloy nanoparticle clusters are 8:2 and 8:1:1, respectively, in this experiment condition. The PtRuNi catalyst thus prepared exhibits excellent performance in the direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs)."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "The enhanced activity of the catalyst is surely throwing some light on the research and development of effective DMFCs catalysts."

For more information on this research see: Electrodeposition of Pt-Ru and Pt-Ru-Ni nanoclusters on multi-walled carbon nanotubes for direct methanol fuel cell. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2014;39(9):4544-4557. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/485)

Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting Y. Zhao, Ocean University of China, Coll Chem & Chem Engn, Qingdao 266100, People's Republic of China. Additional authors for this research include L.Z. Fan, J.L. Ren and B. Hong.

Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Energy, Qingdao, Alcohols, Methanol, Chemistry, Fuel Cell, Oil & Gas, Fullerenes, Nanotechnology, Electrochemical, Emerging Technologies, People's Republic of China, Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube

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Source: Energy Weekly News