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Patent Issued for Multi Display Device and Method of Controlling the Same

May 14, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Electronics Newsweekly -- From Alexandria, Virginia, VerticalNews journalists report that a patent by the inventors Kang, Im-Soo (Yongin-si, KR); Lee, Jae-Goo (Yongin-si, KR), filed on October 5, 2005, was published online on April 29, 2014.

The patent's assignee for patent number 8711056 is Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Suwon-Si, Gyeonggio-Do, KR).

News editors obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "The present invention relates to a multi display device and a method of controlling the same. More particularly, the present invention relates to a multi display device that includes a drive circuit and a backlight unit shared in common by multiple display panels, which may prevent degradation in display quality such as the occurrence of a ghost image due to a leakage current drawn from an activated display panel.

"A portable electronic device incorporating a display module may include a main display panel that displays a large amount of text and images and a sub display panel that displays a small amount of text and images. For example, in a mobile device such as a foldable mobile phone, the main display panel may be positioned in an inner surface of a cover of the foldable mobile phone to display the phone number of a caller upon an incoming call, a dynamic image, etc., whereas the sub display panel may be positioned in an outer surface of the cover to display time information, a battery level, etc.

"Generally, a camera module incorporated within the mobile device is required to have high performance and display a moving picture. A thin film transistor (TFT) liquid crystal display panel having a relatively high response speed, high resolution and high color reproducibility may be used for the main display panel. On the other hand, a super twisted nematic (STN) liquid crystal display panel or a TFT liquid crystal display panel having a relatively low resolution and low color reproducibility may be used for the sub display panel.

"The dual display device may meet the user's need for convenience and achieve a high level of performance. However, in the dual display device, the use of the two display panels may increase both cost and power consumption.

"The dual display devices have various configurations with respect to a drive circuit. For example, separate drive circuits may be used to drive the respective display panels independently. In such a case, noise between the display panels may be reduced; however, the use of the separate driving circuits for respective display panels may increase the volume of an application device (e.g., mobile phone) and power consumption.

"In another example, a common drive circuit may be used for two display panels to manage the respective resolutions of the two display panels, and the volume of the device may be reduced as a result. Moreover, the common drive circuit is relatively expensive, resulting in increased costs. In still another example, when the main display panel and the sub display panel need not be concurrently driven, a common drive circuit for the main display panel may be shared by the sub display panel, which generally has a relatively lower resolution than the main display panel.

"When an image is to be displayed on the main display panel, only the main display panel is driven and the sub display panel is powered off. Similarly, when the image is to be displayed on the sub display panel, only the sub display panel is driven and the main display panel is powered off. Although the use of the common driver chip may result in lower device cost, noise and increased power consumption may occur due to an increase in parasitic capacitance of a wiring line.

"To reduce noise and power consumption, the main display panel and the sub display panel may have separate row lines, while sharing common column lines. In the TFT display panel, an output of the row line is applied to a gate terminal of a cell transistor of a pixel so that the row line may also be referred to as a gate line. Similarly, because an output of the column line is applied to a source terminal of the cell transistor of the pixel, the column line may also be referred to as a source line.

"FIG. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a dual display device with one driver chip. Referring to FIG. 1, the dual display device includes a sub display panel 110, a main display panel 130, a driver integrated chip (IC) 140, glass substrates 101 and 102 and a flexible printed circuit board (FPCB) 120. As shown in FIG. 1, instead of separate driver ICs for the respective display panels, one driver IC 140 is mounted on the glass substrate 102. The driver IC 140 may be mounted on the glass substrate 102 via a chip-on-glass (COG) technique or using amorphous silicon gate (ASG).

"The main display panel 130 and the driver IC 140 are mounted on the glass substrate 102 and the sub display panel 110 is mounted on the glass substrate 101 that is connected with the glass substrate 102 through the FPCB 120. Therefore, to drive both the main display panel 130 and the sub display panel 110 using one driver chip, the main display panel 130 and the sub display panel 110 may share in common the column lines of the driver chip 140. Depending on whether an image is displayed on the main display panel 130 or sub display panel 110, a row drive signal and a column drive signal are controlled to display images on a corresponding display panel.

"In the liquid crystal display panel, a backlight unit disposed at a rear of the liquid crystal display panel may be used to display images according to an adjusted light transmittance of liquid crystal. In a multi display device, multi display panels may share a common backlight unit to reduce the overall dimension of the display device and lower costs. For example, in a foldable mobile device employing two display panels, the main display panel may be disposed at an inner side of a folding part of the mobile device and the sub display panel may be disposed at an outer side of the folding part. The backlight unit may be disposed at the folding part and interposed between the main display panel and the sub display panel.

"FIG. 2 is a schematic view illustrating a dual display device using a common backlight unit. In FIGS. 1 and 2, like reference numerals refer to similar or identical elements. As shown in FIG. 1, the glass substrate 101 is connected with the glass substrate 102 through the FPCB 120, wherein the main display panel 130 is mounted on the glass substrate 102 and the sub display panel 110 is mounted on the glass substrate 101. Referring to FIG. 2, the sub display panel 110 is rotated 180 degrees so that a rear face of the sub display panel 110 opposes a rear face of the main display panel 130. A backlight unit 150 is interposed between the main display panel 130 and the sub display panel 110. The backlight unit 150 may include a bi-directional light-emitting device so that the light may pass through both the main display panel 130 and the sub display panel 110.

"When two display panels share a single driver chip and a single backlight unit, as described above, an output of the driver chip is commonly used for the main display panel and the sub display panel (i.e., column lines for the main display panel are shared by the sub display panel), and a minor amount of leakage current may flow through the sub display panel when a main display panel is activated. The leakage current through the sub display panel may be drawn through a capacitor in the pixel of the sub display panel to change the light transmittance of the pixel so that a ghost image may appear on the sub display panel. When the respective display panels each use a separate backlight unit, in order to display an image on the main display panel so that the ghost image may not appear on the sub display panel, only the backlight for the main display panel is turned on, while the backlight for the sub display panel is turned off.

"However, when the backlight is shared in common by the main display panel and the sub display panel, light is transmitted to the sub display panel even when only the main display panel is activated. Therefore, the ghost image due to the leakage current may appear on the sub display panel so that the image will appear distorted to the viewer. Moreover, as described above, noise and increased power consumption may occur due to an increase in parasitic capacitance of a wiring line."

As a supplement to the background information on this patent, VerticalNews correspondents also obtained the inventors' summary information for this patent: "Exemplary embodiments of the present invention provide a multi display device having a display control circuit for reducing the occurrence of a ghost image in at least one non-activated display panel due to a leakage current from an activated display panel, and for preventing an increase in current consumption due to the use of column lines that are shared in common by the activated display panel and the non-activated display panel.

"Exemplary embodiments of the present invention also provide a method of controlling a multi display device for reducing a ghost image and for preventing an increase in current consumption due to the use of common column lines.

"According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a multi display device, which includes a row drive circuit, a column drive circuit, a column line selection circuit. The row drive circuit drives first row lines of a first display panel and second row lines of at least one second display panel. The column drive circuit drives first column lines of the first display panel and second column lines of the second display panel. The column line selection circuit controls a connection between the column drive circuit and one of the first column lines and the second column lines based on a column line selection signal.

"In one exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the multi display device may further include a display control circuit, which has a column line selection control unit for generating the column line selection signal to electrically disconnect the second column lines of the at least one second display panel from the common drive circuit when only the first display panel is activated, and the display control circuit controls the row drive circuit and the column drive circuit. The column line selection circuit may include at least one switching element coupled between the column drive circuit and the at least one second display panel, the switching element switching off or on in response to the column line selection signal.

"In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the multi display device may further include a display control circuit, which has a column line selection control unit for generating the column line selection signal to select one of the first display panel and the at least one second display panel, and the display control circuit controls the row drive circuit and the column drive circuit. The column line selection circuit may include at least one multiplexer that selectively couples one of the first display panel and the at least one second display panel to the column drive circuit.

"According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, there is provided of a method of controlling a multi display device, which includes receiving a display selection signal for selecting a display panel to be activated; generating a column line selection signal based on the display selection signal; controlling a connection between a column driving signal and one of first column lines of a first display panel and second column lines of at least one second display panel based on the column line selection signal."

For additional information on this patent, see: Kang, Im-Soo; Lee, Jae-Goo. Multi Display Device and Method of Controlling the Same. U.S. Patent Number 8711056, filed October 5, 2005, and published online on April 29, 2014. Patent URL: http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=64&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=3164&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=20140429.PD.&OS=ISD/20140429&RS=ISD/20140429

Keywords for this news article include: Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.

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Source: Electronics Newsweekly


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