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Data on Chemical Physics Detailed by Researchers at Technical University

June 3, 2014

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Physics Week -- Data detailed on Chemical Physics have been presented. According to news reporting from Darmstadt, Germany, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "We perform molecular dynamics simulations to study static and dynamic length scales in molecular supercooled liquids, in particular, water. For a determination of these scales, we use equilibrium configurations and pin appropriate subsets of molecules so as to obtain random matrices, cylindrical pores, and slit confinements."

The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from Technical University, "Static length scales xi(s) are determined by analyzing overlap correlation functions for various fractions of pinned molecules or distances to the confining walls. For water in all confinements and for propylene oxide trimers in random geometry, a linear increase of xi(s) with inverse temperature is found. Dynamic length scales xi(d) are determined by analogous analysis of fraction-dependent or position-resolved correlation times of structural relaxation. While xi(d) continuously grows upon cooling in the cylindrical and slit confinements, we find no evidence for a temperature dependence in random matrices, implying that molecular dynamics in parsed volumes is qualitatively different from that in bulk liquids. Finally, we study possible connections between the growth of the static and dynamic length scales and the slowdown of the structural relaxation of the supercooled bulk liquids. For water, we observe a linear relation between ln tau(alpha) and xi(2)(s)/T in the whole accessible range down to the critical temperature of mode-coupling theory, T-c. In the weakly supercooled regime, the same relation holds also for xi(d), as obtained from cylindrical and slit confinements, but deviations from this behavior are observed near Tc."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "The results are discussed in connection with random first-order theory and experimental studies of liquid dynamics in nanoscopic confinements and binary mixtures."

For more information on this research see: Static and dynamic length scales in supercooled liquids: Insights from molecular dynamics simulations of water and tri-propylene oxide. Journal of Chemical Physics, 2014;140(14):201-207. Journal of Chemical Physics can be contacted at: Amer Inst Physics, Circulation & Fulfillment Div, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Ste 1 N O 1, Melville, NY 11747-4501, USA. (American Institute of Physics -; Journal of Chemical Physics -

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting F. Klameth, Technical Univ Darmstadt, Inst Festkorperphys, D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany. Additional authors for this research include P. Henritzi and M. Vogel.

Keywords for this news article include: Europe, Germany, Darmstadt, Chemical Physics, Molecular Dynamics

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Source: Physics Week

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