Water security in
The experts called on African governments to enhance the profile of water management planning processes.
"If we manage our water resources well, so that it supports agriculture, industries and is adequate for all domestic supplies, our economy will grow and there will be more resources available to provide safe drinking water for the entire population," he noted.
Muller, who is also a water engineer, explained that for developing countries to achieve middle income status, they need efficiently manage their water resources.
"Sound water management holds the key to building resilience in
The experts argued that present climate variability already destabilises economies and predicted climate change trends are likely to exacerbate problems for many, particularly the most vulnerable and poor.
"Water strain can undermine the achievement of key development goals, such as the MDG targets on access to water and sanitation, and slow progress towards sustainable development if not well managed," noted Mohamed Ait-Kadi, President of the
He stated that his country,
African governments should involve the private sector to develop robust water infrastructure that will enable efficient supply of water to communities.
The session highlighted the importance of an integrated approach to building resilience of
It also harnessed innovative approaches towards ensuring water security that maximizes socio-economic and ecological benefits, mitigates climate change impact.
The importance of water governance and building sustainable infrastructure and societies at national and regional levels was emphasised.
"Projected climate change, population growth and rising demand now mean that water must be valued more carefully and this requires sector specialists to identify gaps and to ensure efficient and effective use," he said.
In 2011, over 400 million Africans lived in urban areas - close to 40% of
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