In fact, it's an ambitious effort to gather thorough data on all the pollutants that appear in the atmosphere over the
The somewhat unwieldy name of this multi-agency effort, launching
Other principal collaborators include
"Something this comprehensive, such a major campaign, has not happened in the
"It's a significant project. It's a unique project that doesn't have many contemporaries across the country," Allison said. "It's a really unique opportunity to learn more about air quality in our region and the various complex things that contribute to our air quality."
Summer ozone levels
The price tag on FRAPPÉ is about
The nine-county northern
"We are in what's called 'marginal non-attainment,' which is the lowest level of non-attainment," Allison said. "Depending on the monitor, it might be around 77 parts per billion. It fluctuates.
"With our hot, dry summers, we tend to see higher ozone levels because ozone is formed with a combination of air pollution and sunlight. We tend to go under in the winter -- however, higher wintertime ozone levels are a somewhat new phenomenon being observed."
Pfister said meeting the federal standards requires an understanding of why the metro area is in violation of those standards.
"We need to figure out what are the factors causing the high ozone, and only if we know that can we address them and try to address the current pollution that we have," she said. "That's basically the objective of FRAPPÉ, to come to an understanding of what are all the different factors that drive the summertime ozone pollution."
FRAPPÉ will be bolstered through being closely coordinated with a contemporaneous effort, the NASA DISCOVER-AQ project. The name stands for Deriving Information on Surface conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality, and it is employing
The two research efforts, FRAPPÉ and the
"They are two different campaigns, but the way we work it is as one campaign," Pfister said. "We work it as fully complementary."
Allison said, "These types of studies, both
Although data will only be collected over the one-month period, Pfister joked that analyzing it will last "probably to my retirement." She is now 44.
"Typically, for a field campaign, you say up to two to three years after the campaign, this is when you produce the most results," she said. "But that doesn't mean that after that time period, you stop analyzing."
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