News Column

Researchers' Work from Florida International University Focuses on Chemical Engineering

May 28, 2014

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Engineering -- Investigators discuss new findings in Chemical Engineering. According to news reporting out of Miami, Florida, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "In this paper, MHD effect on natural convection heat transfer in an inclined L-shape enclosure filled with nanofluid is studied. The numerical investigation is carried out using the control volume based finite element method (CVFEM)."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from Florida International University, "The fluid in the enclosure is a water-based nanofluid containing Al2O3 nanoparticle. The effective thermal conductivity and viscosity of nanofluid are calculated by KKL (Koo-Kleinstreuer-Li) correlation in which effect of Brownian motion on the effective thermal conductivity is considered. The heat transfer between cold and hot regions of the enclosure cannot be well understood by using isotherm patterns so heatline visualization technique is used to find the direction and intensity of heat transfer in a domain. Effect of Hartmann number, volume fraction of nanoparticle, Rayleigh number and inclination angle on streamline, isotherm and heatline are examined. The results show that Nusselt number increases with increase of Rayleigh number and volume fraction of nanoparticle while it decreases with augment of Hartmann number and inclination angle."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Enhancement in heat transfer has reverse relationship with Hartmann number and Rayleigh number."

For more information on this research see: Magnetic field effect on nanofluid flow and heat transfer using KKL model. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2014;45(3):795-807. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers can be contacted at: Elsevier Science Bv, PO Box 211, 1000 Ae Amsterdam, Netherlands. (Elsevier -; Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers -

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting M. Sheikholeslami, Florida International University, Dept. of Mech & Mat Engn, Miami, FL 33199, United States. Additional authors for this research include D.D. Ganji, M. Gorji-Bandpy and S. Soleimani.

Keywords for this news article include: Miami, Florida, United States, Chemical Engineering, North and Central America

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Source: Journal of Engineering

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