News Column

Researchers at University of Eastern Finland Report New Data on Comparative Biochemistry

May 27, 2014

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Investigators publish new report on Life Science Research. According to news reporting out of Joensuu, Finland, by NewsRx editors, research stated, "Composition of membrane lipids from the gills of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo solar) in presmolt and smolt phases of development was compared among anadromous and non-anadromous populations. Three stocks migrating from spawning rivers to either lake (landlocked stock), brackish water or full strength sea water were grown under common garden conditions, and gill lipids and their acyl and alkenyl chains were examined in February (presmolts) and at the end of May (smolts) by mass spectrometry and gas-liquid chromatography."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the University of Eastern Finland, "The most remarkable changes upon transition from the presmolt phase to the smolt phase were: (i) increase in the cholesterol/phospholipid ratio, (ii) decrease in the abundance of phosphatidylinositol (PI) content, (iii) increase in the amount of sulfatides, (iv) increase in phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) species with two highly unsaturated acyl chains, and finally (v) convergence of interstock differences in PC and PE species composition towards a similar lipid composition. Increases in the gill membrane content of cholesterol and sulfatides are discussed as pre-adaptation of salmon gills for salt-secretion, which may occur by increases in membrane microdomains (rafts) harboring ion channels and pumps. The decreases of PI were likely related to adjusting the gill membrane permeability to ions by diminishing prostanoid production."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The similarity of those changes among three salmon stocks and the convergence of initially (presmolt phase) different PC and PE species profiles between the stocks towards similar lipid composition suggests that smoltification process of the gill epithelium is largely similar in anadromous and landlocked populations."

For more information on this research see: Gill tissue lipids of salmon (Salmo salar L.) presmolts and smolts from anadromous and landlocked populations. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 2014;172():39-45. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology can be contacted at: Elsevier Science Inc, 360 Park Ave South, New York, NY 10010-1710, USA (see also Life Science Research).

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting Y. Itokazu, Univ Eastern Finland, Dept. of Biol, FI-80101 Joensuu, Finland. Additional authors for this research include R. Kakela, J. Piironen, X.L. Guan, P. Kiiskinen and M. Vornanen.

Keywords for this news article include: Europe, Joensuu, Finland, Life Science Research

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Source: Life Science Weekly