Even in countries where clear legal protections for women's ownership of land exist, local customs often continue to work against equality for female farmers, according to new data released this week by FAO and the
In many regions, men fail to jointly register their wives on property deeds. This can lead to a woman losing her rights over the agricultural land on which she works following her husband's death. Long-held customs and traditions often work against the interests of a younger generation of women as well, with fathers favoring sons, rather than daughters, when it comes to property inheritance.
These issues are being widely debated in the Western Balkans.
Participants from across the region have already been working together to address these issues within the FAO-World Bank Land and Gender project.
The first phase of the project generated gender-disaggregated reports from land administration systems to illustrate the low levels of female ownership by country, province, and municipality. The findings clearly illustrate that female property ownership is low throughout the Western Balkans, with rural areas performing particularly poorly.
The second phase of the project assisted participants in designing one-year work plans for their countries, and to bring together key players - including senior government officials, land agency staff, notaries, and municipalities - to devise concrete approaches to boost female property ownership.
In February and
The municipality involved a wide range of stakeholders to create policies that are gender sensitive. To help influence traditional customs about female land ownership, the gender team first met with local policy-makers before embarking on targeted campaigns, producing educational and promotional materials, and holding town halls. The activities have concentrated on the positive impact of property ownership and land in terms of economic independence and improved social status of women with property ownership. Gender equality 'open days' were held, putting citizens in contact with notaries, Ministers, local councilmen, and gender officers who explained the benefits and practicalities of female property ownership.
Female property ownership in the municipality - currently at 30 percent - is far above the national average, but the goal is to keep increasing that figure closer to true gender equality of 50 percent.
A first step, taken together
Despite differences in language, culture, and traditions, the Western Balkan countries taking part in the project have worked together to analyze the data and find solutions to challenges to female land ownership in their countries.
The initial phase of the project is only a first step to ensuring that legal land ownership rights protected by national laws are exercised by well-informed men and women in the region.
2014 marks the second anniversary of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, which addresses these issues and more.
TNS 18EstebanLiz-140516-30FurigayJane-4736825 30FurigayJane
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