News Column

Data on Oligopeptides Described by Researchers at University of Alberta

May 20, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Data detailed on Peptides have been presented. According to news reporting out of Edmonton, Canada, by NewsRx editors, research stated, "Small peptides, such as dipeptides and tripeptides, are naturally present in many biological samples (e.g., human biofluids and cell extracts). They have attracted great attention in many research fields because of their important biological functions as well as potential roles as disease biomarkers."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the University of Alberta, "Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) can be used to profile these small peptides. However, the type and number of fragment ions generated in MS/MS are often limited for unambiguous identification. Herein we report a novel database-search strategy based on the use of MS/MS spectra of both unlabeled and dimethyl labeled peptides to identify and confirm amino acid sequences of di/tripeptides that are separated using hydrophilic interaction (HILIC) liquid chromatography (LC). To facilitate the di/tripeptide identification, a database consisting of all the predicted MS/MS spectra from 400 dipeptides and 8000 tripeptides was created, and a search tool, PEP Search, was developed and housed at the MyCompoundID website (www.mycompoundid.org/PEP). To evaluate the identification specificity of this method, we used acid hydrolysis to degrade a standard protein, cytochrome c, to produce many di/tripeptides with known sequences for LC/MS/MS. The resultant MS/MS spectra were searched against the database to generate a list of matches which were compared to the known sequences. We correctly identified the di/tripeptides in the protein hydrolysate. We then applied this method to detect and identify di/tripeptides naturally present in human urine samples with high confidence."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "We envisage the use of this method as a complementary tool to various LC/MS techniques currently available for small molecule or metabolome profiling with an added benefit of covering all di/tripeptide chemical space."

For more information on this research see: PEP Search in MyCompoundID: Detection and Identification of Dipeptides and Tripeptides Using Dimethyl Labeling and Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry, 2014;86(7):3568-3574. Analytical Chemistry can be contacted at: Amer Chemical Soc, 1155 16TH St, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA. (American Chemical Society - www.acs.org; Analytical Chemistry - www.pubs.acs.org/journal/ancham)

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting Y.N. Tang, University of Alberta, Dept. of Comp Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E8, Canada. Additional authors for this research include R.H. Li, G.H. Lin and L. Li (see also Peptides).

Keywords for this news article include: Canada, Alberta, Edmonton, Proteins, Dipeptides, Proteomics, Amino Acids, Oligopeptides, North and Central America

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC


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Source: Life Science Weekly


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