News Column

PDL BIOPHARMA, INC. - 10-Q - MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

May 12, 2014

This Quarterly Report contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical facts are "forward-looking statements" for purposes of these provisions, including any projections of earnings, revenues or other financial items, any statements of the plans and objectives of management for future operations, including any statements concerning new licensing, any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance, and any statement of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as "may," "will," "intends," "plans," "believes," "anticipates," "expects," "estimates," "predicts," "potential," "continue" or "opportunity," or the negative thereof or other comparable terminology. Although we believe that the expectations presented in the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable at the time they were made, there can be no assurance that such expectations or any of the forward-looking statements will prove to be correct, and actual results could differ materially from those projected or assumed in the forward-looking statements. Our future financial condition and results of operations, as well as any forward-looking statements, are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to the risk factors set forth below or incorporated by reference herein, and for the reasons described elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. All forward-looking statements and reasons why results may differ included in this Quarterly Report are made as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements or reasons why actual results might differ.

OVERVIEW

PDL BioPharma manages a portfolio of patents and royalty assets, consisting primarily of its Queen et al. antibody humanization patents and license agreements with various biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. PDL pioneered the humanization of monoclonal antibodies and, by doing so, enabled the discovery of a new generation of targeted treatments for cancer and immunologic diseases for which it receives significant royalty revenue. PDL is currently focused on intellectual property asset management, acquiring new income generating assets and maximizing value for its shareholders.

The company was formerly known as Protein Design Labs, Inc. and changed its name to PDL BioPharma, Inc. in 2006. PDL was founded in 1986 and is headquartered in Incline Village, Nevada.

In 2011, PDL initiated a strategy to bring in new income generating assets from the healthcare sector. To accomplish this goal, PDL seeks to provide non-dilutive growth capital and financing solutions to late stage public and private healthcare companies and offers immediate financial monetization of royalty streams to companies, academic institutions and inventors. PDL continues to pursue this strategic initiative for which it has already committed approximately $700 million to date. PDL is focused on the quality of the income generating assets and potential returns on investment.

We continuously evaluate alternatives to increase return for our stockholders, for example, purchasing income generating assets, buying back or redeeming our convertible notes, repurchasing our common stock, paying dividends or selling the Company. At the beginning of each fiscal year, our board of directors reviews the Company's total annual dividend payment for the prior year and determines whether to increase, maintain or decrease the quarterly dividend payments for that year. The board of directors evaluates the financial condition of the Company and considers the economic outlook, corporate cash flow, the Company's liquidity needs and the health and stability of credit markets when determining whether to maintain or change the dividend.

Recent Developments

Genentech / Roche Settlement Agreement

On January 31, 2014, we entered into a settlement agreement with Genentech and Roche which resolves all outstanding legal disputes between the parties, including our Nevada litigation with Genentech relating to an August 2010 facsimile sent by Genentech on behalf of Roche and Novartis asserting its products do not infringe on PDL's SPCs, and our arbitration proceedings with Genentech related to the audit of royalties on sales.

Under the terms of the Settlement Agreement, effective retroactively to August 15, 2013, Genentech will pay a fixed royalty rate of 2.125 percent on worldwide sales of all its licensed products, as compared to the previous tiered royalty rate in the U.S and the fixed rate on all ex- U.S. based Manufactured and Sales licensed products. Pursuant to the agreement, Genentech and Roche confirmed that Avastin, Herceptin, Lucentis, Xolair and Perjeta are licensed products as defined in the relevant license agreements between the parties, and further agreed that Kadcyla and Gazyva are licensed products. Genentech will pay these

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royalties on all worldwide sales of Avastin, Herceptin, Xolair, Perjeta and Kadcyla occurring on or before December 31, 2015. With respect to Lucentis, Genentech will owe no royalties on U.S. sales occurring after June 30, 2013, and will pay a royalty of 2.125 percent on all ex-U.S.-based Sales occurring on or before December 28, 2014. The royalty term for Gazyva remains unchanged from the existing license agreement pertaining thereto.

The agreement precludes Genentech and Roche from challenging the validity of PDL's patents, including its SPCs in Europe, from contesting their obligation to pay royalties, from contesting patent coverage for Avastin, Herceptin, Lucentis, Xolair, Perjeta, Kadcyla and Gazyva and from assisting or encouraging any third party in challenging PDL's patents and SPCs. The agreement further outlines the conduct of any audits initiated by PDL of the books and records of Genentech in an effort to ensure a full and fair audit procedure. Finally, the agreement clarifies that the sales amounts from which the royalties are calculated does not include certain taxes and discounts.

The settlement agreement provides greater certainty for each of the parties in terms of the royalty rate payable under the agreement and the period over which they will be payable. PDL expects to recognize royalty revenue on the licensed products until the first quarter of 2016. Additionally, the settlement terms provide for a better definition of revenues and audit inspection procedures related to the arbitration dispute filed by PDL.

Dividend Payment and Effect on Conversion Rates for the Convertible Notes

On January 29, 2014, our board of directors declared that the regular quarterly dividends to be paid to our stockholders in 2014 will be $0.15 per share of common stock, payable on March 12, June 12, September 12 and December 12 of 2014 to stockholders of record on March 5, June 5, September 5 and December 5 of 2014, the record dates for each of the dividend payments, respectively. On March 12, 2014, we paid the regular quarterly dividend to our stockholders totaling $24.0 million using earnings generated in the three months ended March 31, 2014.

February 2018 Notes

On February 6, 2014, the Company agreed to sell $260.9 million aggregate principal amount of its 4.00% Convertible Senior Notes due February 1, 2018, in an underwritten public offering. The conversion rate of the February 2018 Notes was initially set at 109.1048 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of the February 2018 Notes equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $9.17 per share of common stock. The conversion rate, subject to increase under certain circumstances, will not be increased in respect of regular quarterly cash dividends paid by us that do not exceed $0.15 per share.

On February 12, 2014, the Company issued $300 million aggregate principal amount of February 2018 Notes, which included $39.1 million aggregate principal amount of February 2018 Notes issued pursuant to the exercise of the underwriters' overallotment option to purchase additional 2018 Notes. In connection with the offering of the February 2018 Notes, PDL entered into privately negotiated convertible note hedge transactions with affiliates of RBC Capital Markets, LLC and Wells Fargo Securities, LLC (hedge counterparties) and privately negotiated warrant transactions with the hedge counterparties relating to the same number of shares of PDL's common stock.

Series 2012 Notes Exchange

On February 6, 2014, the Company entered into separate, privately negotiated exchange agreements and purchase agreements under which it retired $131.7 million in aggregate principal of the Company's outstanding Series 2012 Notes. The exchange agreements provided for the issuance by the Company of shares of common stock and a cash payment for the Series 2012 Notes being exchanged, and the purchase agreements provided for a cash payment for the Series 2012 Notes being repurchased. The total consideration given was approximately $191.8 million The Company issued a total of 20.3 million shares of its common stock with a fair value of approximately $157.6 million and paid an aggregate cash payment of approximately $34.2 million pursuant to the exchange and repurchase agreements.

Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement

On February 14, 2014, the Company entered into a credit agreement with Paradigm Spine, under which it made available to Paradigm up to $75.0 million to be used by Paradigm Spine to refinance its existing credit facility and expand its domestic commercial operations. Of the $75.0 million available to Paradigm Spine, an initial $50 million, net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. Upon the attainment of specified sales and other milestones before December 31, 2014, the Company will fund Paradigm Spine between an additional $6.25 million and $12.5 million, at Paradigm Spine's discretion. Upon the attainment of specified sales and other milestones before June 30, 2015, the Company will fund Paradigm

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Spine up to an additional $12.5 million, also at Paradigm Spine's discretion. Borrowings under the credit agreement bear interest at the rate of 13.0% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

Principal repayment will commence on the twelfth interest payment date, December 31, 2016. The principal amount outstanding at commencement of repayment will be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans. The loans will mature on February 14, 2019, or, if Paradigm Spine has achieved the first milestone and the additional loan amount is provided to Paradigm Spine, the loans will mature on August 14, 2019. Paradigm Spine may elect to prepay the loans at any time, subject to a prepayment penalty that decreases over the life of the loans. The obligations under the credit agreement are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of Paradigm Spine and its domestic subsidiaries and, initially, certain assets of Paradigm Spine's German subsidiaries.

Subsequent Event

On April 1, 2014, PDL entered into a note purchase agreement with Accel 300, a wholly-owned subsidiary of kalÉo. (formerly known as Intelliject, Inc.), pursuant to which the Company acquired $150 million of secured notes due 2029. The secured notes were issued pursuant to an indenture between Accel 300, LLC and U.S. Bank, National Association, as trustee, and are secured by 100 percent of royalties from kalÉo's first approved product, Auvi-Q™ (epinephrine auto-injection, USP) (known as Allerject in Canada), 10 percent of net sales of kalÉo's second proprietary auto-injector based product, EVZIO (naloxone hydrochloride injection) (collectively, the "Revenue Interests"), and by a pledge of kalÉo's equity ownership in the Accel 300, LLC.

The secured notes bear interest at 13 percent per annum, paid quarterly in arrears on principal outstanding. The principal balance of the secured notes is repaid to the extent that the Revenue Interests exceed the quarterly interest payment, as limited by a quarterly payment cap. The final maturity of the secured notes is March 2029. KalÉo may redeem the secured notes at any time, subject to a redemption premium.

Intellectual Property

Patents

We have been issued patents in the United States and elsewhere, covering the humanization of antibodies, which we refer to as our Queen et al. patents. Our Queen et al. patents, for which final patent expiry is in December 2014, cover, among other things, humanized antibodies, methods for humanizing antibodies, polynucleotide encoding in humanized antibodies and methods of producing humanized antibodies.

Our U.S. Patent No. 5,693,761 (the '761 Patent), which expires on December 2, 2014, covers methods and materials used in the manufacture of humanized antibodies. In addition to covering methods and materials used in the manufacture of humanized antibodies, coverage under our '761 Patent will typically extend to the use or sale of compositions made with those methods and/or materials.

Our European Patent No. 451 216B (the '216B Patent) expired in Europe in December 2009. We have been granted SPCs for the Avastin®, Herceptin®, Lucentis, Xolair® and Tysabri® products in many of the jurisdictions in the European Union in connection with the '216B Patent. The SPCs effectively extend our patent protection with respect to SPC Products generally until December 2014, except that the SPCs for Herceptin will generally expire in July 2014. Because SPCs are granted on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis, the duration of the extension varies slightly in certain jurisdictions. We may still be eligible for royalties notwithstanding the unavailability of SPC protection if the relevant royalty-bearing humanized antibody product is also made, used, sold or offered for sale in or imported from a jurisdiction in which we have an unexpired Queen et al. patent such as the United States.

Licensing Agreements

We have entered into licensing agreements under our Queen et al. patents with numerous entities that are independently developing or have developed humanized antibodies. We receive royalties on net sales of products that are made, used and/or sold prior to patent expiry. In general, these agreements cover antibodies targeting antigens specified in the license agreements. Under our licensing agreements, we are entitled to receive a flat-rate or tiered royalty rate based upon our licensees' net sales of covered antibodies. Before August 15, 2013, we were entitled to a tiered royalty from one of our licensees, Genentech, based upon the net sales of covered antibodies. After August 15, 2013, all of the royalties received from Genentech have been based upon a flat-rate. We also expect to receive annual maintenance fees from licensees of our Queen et al. patents prior to patent

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expiry as well as periodic milestone payments. Total annual milestone payments in each of the last several years have been less than 1% of total revenue and we expect this trend will continue through the expiration of the Queen et al. patents.

Our total revenues from licensees under our Queen et al. patents were $116.0 million and $91.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Licensing Agreements for Marketed Products

In the three months ended March 31, 2014, we received royalties on sales of the nine humanized antibody products listed below, all of which are currently approved for use by the FDA and other regulatory agencies outside the United States. Licensee Product Names Genentech Avastin® Herceptin® Xolair® Lucentis® Perjeta® Kadcyla® Biogen Idec1 Tysabri® Chugai Actemra® Roche Gazyva™ ____________________



1 In April 2013, Biogen Idec completed its purchase of Elan's interest in Tysabri. Prior to this our licensee for Tysabri was identified as Elan.

On February 22, 2013, Genentech/Roche announced that the FDA approved Kadcyla for second line treatment of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer and first line treatment for those patients who relapse within six months following adjuvant therapy. On November 20, 2013, Genentech/Roche announced EU approval for the treatment of adults with HER2-positive, inoperable locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who previously received Herceptin and a taxane, separately or in combination. On September 20, 2013, Japan approved it for the same indication. PDL began receiving royalties in the second quarter of 2013 for the sales that occurred in the first quarter of 2013. Because Kadcyla is an antibody drug conjugate, i.e., made up of the antibody, trastuzumab, and the chemotherapy, DM1, joined together using a stable linker, it is a "combination product" under the terms of the license agreement and PDL will not receive royalties on that portion of the sales of the drug attributable to the DM1.

On November 1, 2013, Genentech/Roche announced that Gazyva became the first therapy approved through the FDA's breakthrough therapy designation, indicated in combination with chlorambucil to treat previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). PDL will begin receiving royalties in the first quarter of 2014 for the sales that occurred in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Genentech

We entered into a master patent license agreement, effective September 25, 1998, under which we granted Genentech a license under our Queen et al. patents to make, use and sell certain antibody products.

On January 31, 2014, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with Genentech and Roche which resolves all outstanding legal disputes between the parties, including our Nevada litigation with Genentech relating to an August 2010 facsimile sent by Genentech on behalf of Roche and Novartis asserting its products do not infringe on PDL's SPCs, and our arbitration proceedings with Genentech related to the audit of royalties on sales.

Under the terms of the Settlement Agreement, effective retroactively to August 15, 2013, Genentech will pay a fixed royalty rate of 2.125 percent on worldwide sales of all its licensed products, as compared to the previous tiered royalty rate in the U.S

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and the fixed rate on all ex-U.S.-based Manufacturing and Sales licensed products. Pursuant to the agreement, Genentech and Roche confirmed that Avastin, Herceptin, Lucentis, Xolair and Perjeta are licensed products as defined in the relevant license agreements between the parties, and further agreed that Kadcyla and Gazyva are licensed products. Genentech will pay these royalties on all worldwide sales of Avastin, Herceptin, Xolair, Perjeta and Kadcyla occurring on or before December 31, 2015. With respect to Lucentis, Genentech will owe no royalties on U.S. sales occurring after June 30, 2013, and will pay a royalty of 2.125 percent on all ex-U.S. sales occurring on or before December 28, 2014. The royalty term for Gazyva remains unchanged from the existing license agreement pertaining thereto.

The Settlement Agreement precludes Genentech and Roche from challenging the validity of PDL's patents, including its SPCs in Europe, from contesting their obligation to pay royalties, from contesting patent coverage for Avastin, Herceptin, Lucentis, Xolair, Perjeta, Kadcyla and Gazyva and from assisting or encouraging any third party in challenging PDL's patents and SPCs. The Settlement Agreement further outlines the conduct of any audits initiated by PDL of the books and records of Genentech in an effort to ensure a full and fair audit procedure. Finally, the Settlement Agreement clarifies that the sales amounts from which the royalties are calculated does not include certain taxes and discounts.

The Settlement Agreement provides greater certainty for each of the parties in terms of the royalty rate payable under the agreement and the period over which they will be payable. PDL expects to recognize royalty revenue on the licensed products until the first quarter of 2016. Additionally, the settlement terms provide for a better definition of revenues and audit inspection procedures related to the arbitration dispute filed by PDL.

Based upon the flat royalty rate of 2.125 percent being retroactive to August 15, 2013, we received a one-time payment of net royalties due under the Settlement Agreement of $5.0 million, which was recognized as royalty revenue in the first quarter of 2014.

Until the August 15, 2013, effective date of the above Settlement Agreement, our license agreement with Genentech entitled us to royalties following the expiration of our patents with respect to sales of licensed product manufactured prior to patent expiry in jurisdictions providing patent protection. Our master patent license agreement with Genentech provided for a tiered royalty structure under which the royalty rate Genentech paid on royalty-bearing products sold in the United States or manufactured in the United States and used or sold anywhere in the world in a given calendar year decreased on incremental U.S.-based Sales above certain sales thresholds based on 95% of the underlying gross U.S.-based Sales. The net sales thresholds and the applicable royalty rates, prior to August 15, 2013, are outlined below:

Genentech Products Made or Sold in the U.S. Royalty Rate Net sales up to $1.5 billion 3.0%



Net sales between $1.5 billion and up to $2.5 billion 2.5% Net sales between $2.5 billion and up to $4.0 billion 2.0% Net sales exceeding $4.0 billion

1.0% Genentech Products Made and Sold ex-U.S. Net sales 3.0%



As a result of the tiered royalty structure, Genentech's average annual royalty rate for a given year declined as Genentech's U.S.-based Sales increased during that year. Because we receive royalties one quarter in arrears, the average royalty rates for the payments we received from Genentech for U.S.-based Sales in the second calendar quarter for Genentech's sales from the first calendar quarter were higher than the average royalty rates for following quarters. The average royalty rates for payments we received from Genentech were generally lowest in the fourth and first calendar quarters for Genentech's sales from the third and fourth calendar quarters when more of Genentech's U.S.-based Sales bore royalties at the 1% royalty rate. As a result of the Settlement Agreement, the royalty rate of 2.125 percent will be consistent across all reporting periods in 2014. In 2013, the blended rate for the full year of royalties from Genentech Products was approximately 1.9%.

With respect to ex-U.S.-based Manufacturing and Sales, before August 15, 2013, the royalty rate that we received from Genentech was a fixed rate of 3.0% based on 95% of the underlying gross sales. The mix of U.S.-based Sales and ex-U.S.-based Manufacturing and Sales fluctuated.

The master patent license agreement continues until the expiration of the last to expire of our Queen et al. patents but may be terminated: (i) by Genentech prior to such expiration upon sixty days written notice, (ii) by either party upon a material breach by the other party or (iii) upon the occurrence of certain bankruptcy-related events.

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On June 8, 2012, Genentech announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Perjeta (pertuzumab). Perjeta is approved in combination with Herceptin and docetaxel chemotherapy for the treatment of people with HER2-postive metastatic breast cancer who have not received prior anti-HER2 therapy or chemotherapy for metastatic disease. PDL began receiving royalties generated from Perjeta during the quarter ended September 30, 2012.

On March 5, 2013, Genentech announced that Perjeta was approved by the EMA in combination with Herceptin and docetaxel chemotherapy for the treatment of people with HER2-postive metastatic breast cancer who have not received prior anti-HER2 therapy or chemotherapy for metastatic disease.

On September 30, 2013, the FDA granted accelerated approval to Perjeta in combination with Herceptin and other chemotherapy for the treatment of HER2-positive, locally advanced, inflammatory or early stage breast cancer prior to surgery. Perjeta is the first drug approved in this setting.

On February 22, 2013, Genentech announced that the FDA approved Kadcyla for second line treatment of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer and first line treatment for those patients who relapse within six months following adjuvant therapy. On September 20, 2013, Japan approved it for the same indication. PDL began receiving royalties in the second quarter of 2013 for the sales that occurred in the first quarter of 2013. Because Kadcyla is an antibody drug conjugate, i.e., made up of the antibody, trastuzumab, and the chemotherapy, DM1, joined together using a stable linker, it is a "combination product" under the terms of the license agreement and PDL will not receive royalties on that portion of the sales of the drug attributable to the DM1. Also on November 20, 2013, Genentech/Roche announced EU approval for the treatment of adults with HER2-positive, inoperable locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who previously received Herceptin and a taxane, separately or in combination.

On November 1, 2013, Genentech/Roche announced that Gazyva became the first therapy approved through the FDA's breakthrough therapy designation, indicated in combination with chlorambucil to treat previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). PDL will begin receiving royalties in the first quarter of 2014 for the sales that occurred in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Biogen Idec

We entered into a patent license agreement, effective April 24, 1998, under which we granted to Elan a license under our Queen et al. patents to make, use and sell antibodies that bind to the cellular adhesion molecule ?4 in patients with multiple sclerosis. Under the agreement, we are entitled to receive a flat royalty rate in the low single digits based on Elan's net sales of the Tysabri product. Our license agreement with Elan entitles us to royalties following the expiration of our patents with respect to sales of licensed product manufactured prior to patent expiry in jurisdictions providing patent protection. The agreement continues until the expiration of the last to expire of our Queen et al. patents but may be terminated: (i) by Elan prior to such expiration upon sixty days written notice, (ii) by either party upon a material breach by the other party or (iii) upon the occurrence of certain bankruptcy-related events. In April 2013, Biogen Idec completed its purchase of Elan's interest in Tysabri. All obligations under our original patent license agreement with Elan have been assumed by Biogen Idec.

Chugai

We entered into a patent license agreement, effective May 18, 2000, with Chugai, a majority owned subsidiary of Roche, under which we granted to Chugai a license under our Queen et al. patents to make, use and sell antibodies that bind to interleukin-6 receptors to prevent inflammatory cascades involving multiple cell types for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Under the agreement, we are entitled to receive a flat royalty rate in the low single digits based on net sales of the Actemra product manufactured in the U.S. prior to patent expiry. The agreement continues until the expiration of the last to expire of our Queen et al. patents but may be terminated: (i) by Chugai prior to such expiration upon sixty days written notice, (ii) by either party upon a material breach by the other party or (iii) upon the occurrence of certain bankruptcy-related events.

Licensing Agreements for Non-Marketed Products

We have also entered into licensing agreements under which we have licensed certain rights under our Queen et al. patents to make, use and sell certain products that are not currently marketed. Certain of these development-stage products are currently in Phase 3 clinical trials. With respect to these agreements, we may receive payments based on certain development milestones and annual maintenance fees. We may also receive royalty payments if the licensed products receive marketing approval and are manufactured or generate sales before the expiration of our Queen et al. patents. For example, solanezumab is the Lilly licensed antibody for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. If Lilly's antibody for Alzheimer's disease is approved, we would be

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entitled to receive a royalty based on a "know-how" license for technology provided in the design of this antibody. Unlike the royalty for the patent license, the two percent royalty payable for "know-how" runs for 12.5 years after the product's initial commercialization.

Depomed

On October 18, 2013, we entered into a royalty purchase and sale agreement with Depomed, Inc. and its subsidiary, whereby we acquired the rights to receive royalties and milestones payable on sales of Type 2 diabetes products licensed by Depomed in exchange for a $240.5 million cash payment. As the licensor of certain patents, Depomed retains various rights, including the contractual right to audit its licensees and to ensure those licensees are complying with the terms of the underlying license agreement. Depomed retains full responsibility to protect and maintain the intellectual property rights underlying the licenses. In respect of the royalty stream relating to the Glumetza diabetes medication that we acquired from Depomed, which is the royalty right producing the highest revenues from the Depomed acquired royalties, U.S. patent protection for this product is expected to begin to expire in September 2016, and under settlement agreements to which Depomed is a party, certain manufacturers of generic products will be permitted to enter the market starting in February and August 2016.

Economic and Industry-wide Factors

Various economic and industry-wide factors are relevant to us and could affect our business, including changes to laws and interpretation of those laws that protect our intellectual property rights, our licensees ability to obtain or retain regulatory approval for products licensed under our patents, fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, the ability to attract, retain and integrate qualified personnel, as well as overall global economic conditions. We actively monitor economic, industry and market factors affecting our business; however, we cannot predict the impact such factors may have on our future results of operations, liquidity and cash flows. See also the "Risk Factors" section of this quarterly report for additional factors that may impact our business and results of operations.

Critical Accounting Policies and Uses of Estimates

During the three months ended March 31, 2014, there have been no significant changes to our critical accounting policies since those presented in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

Operating Results

Three months ended March 31, 2014, compared to three months ended March 31, 2013

Revenues Three Months Ended March 31, Change from Prior 2014 2013 Year % (Dollars in thousands) Revenues Royalties $ 139,664$ 91,847 52% Total revenues $ 139,664$ 91,847 52%



Total royalty revenues were $139.7 million and $91.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, and 2013, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, and 2013, our royalty revenues consisted of royalties and maintenance fees earned on sales of products under license agreements associated with our Queen et al. patents, and during the three months ended March 31, 2014, royalty revenues also included $23.6 million in royalties associated with the royalties from U.S. sales of Glumetza and Janumet XR from our Depomed royalty purchase agreement. Royalty revenue is net of the payments made under our February 2011 settlement agreement with Novartis, which is based on a portion of the royalties that the company receives from Lucentis sales made by Novartis outside the United States. The amount paid is less than we receive in royalties on such sales.

Royalty revenues increased 52% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, when compared to the same period in 2013. The growth is primarily driven by increased royalties in the first quarter of 2014 related to sales of Avastin, Herceptin, Xolair,

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Perjeta, Kadcyla and Actemra by our licensees, along with a higher fixed royalty rate in 2014 over the blended fixed and tiered 2013 rate, the addition of the royalty payments from PDL's purchase of Depomed's diabetes-related royalties, and a $5.0 million retroactive payment from Genentech related to our settlement agreement.

The following table summarizes the percentage of our total revenues earned from our licensees' net product sales that individually accounted for 10% or more of our total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2014, and 2013:

Three Months Ended March 31, Licensee Product Name 2014 2013 Genentech Avastin 29 % 36 % Herceptin 27 % 33 % Lucentis 12 % 13 % Biogen Idec1 Tysabri 9 % 14 % Depomed Glumetza 17 % - % __________________



1 In April 2013, Biogen Idec completed its purchase of Elan's interest in Tysabri. Prior to this our licensee for Tysabri was identified as Elan.

Foreign currency exchange rates also impact our reported revenues. More than 50% of our licensees' product sales are in currencies other than U.S. dollars; as such, our revenues may fluctuate due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and are subject to foreign currency exchange risk. While foreign currency conversion terms vary by license agreement, generally most agreements require that royalties first be calculated in the currency of sale and then converted into U.S. dollars using the average daily exchange rates for that currency for a specified period at the end of the calendar quarter. Accordingly, when the U.S. dollar weakens against other currencies, the converted amount is greater than it would have been had the U.S. dollar not weakened. For example, in a quarter in which we generate $70 million in royalty revenues, and when approximately $35 million is based on sales in currencies other than U.S. dollar, if the U.S. dollar strengthens across all currencies by ten percent during the conversion period for that quarter, when compared to the same amount of local currency royalties for the prior year, U.S. dollar converted royalties will be approximately $3.5 million less in the current quarter than in the prior year quarter.

For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, we hedged certain Euro-denominated currency exposures related to our licensees' product sales with Euro forward contracts. We designate foreign currency exchange contracts used to hedge royalty revenues based on underlying Euro-denominated sales as cash flow hedges. The aggregate unrealized gain or loss, net of tax, on the effective portion of the hedge is recorded in stockholders' equity as accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Gains or losses on cash flow hedges are recognized as an adjustment to royalty revenue in the same period that the hedged transaction impacts earnings. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, and 2013, as a result of our Euro forward contracts, we recognized $1.1 million and $1.9 million as reductions in royalty revenues from our Euro contracts, respectively.

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Operating Expenses Three Months Ended Change from March 31, Prior 2014 2013 Year % (In thousands) Cost of royalty revenues (amortization of intangible assets) $ 11,931 $ - N/M Percentage of total revenues 9 % 0 % General and administrative $ 4,582$ 7,186 (36)% Percentage of total revenues 3 % 8 % Total operating expenses $ 16,513$ 7,186 130% Percentage of total revenues 12 % 8 %



______________________________

N/M = Not meaningful

The increase in operating expenses was a result of the of cost of royalty revenues of $11.9 million in the first quarter of 2014 related to the amortization of the intangible assets acquired as part of the Royalty Purchase Agreement with Depomed, an increase in general and administrative expenses of $0.3 million for professional services mostly related to the acquisition of other income related assets and $0.3 million for compensation, partially offset by a decrease in general and administrative expenses of $3.2 million related to legal expenses mostly related to litigation.

Non-operating Expense, Net

Non-operating expense, net, increased, in part, by the loss on extinguishment of debt related to the Series 2012 Note partial extinguishment and the interest expense on the new February 2018 Notes, partially offset by increased interest income from our notes receivable. The approximate $5.3 million increase in interest income to $9.1 million is a result of the increase in debt financings to late stage healthcare companies as part of our strategy to acquire income generating assets. The increase in interest expense consisted primarily of non-cash interest expense as we were required to compute interest expense using the interest rate for similar nonconvertible instruments in accordance with the accounting guidance for convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash or other assets on conversion.

Income Taxes

Income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, was $42.7 million and $29.0 million, respectively, which resulted primarily from applying the federal statutory income tax rate to income before income taxes. The increase in tax expense is primarily attributable to an increase in the Company's income before income taxes.

The uncertain tax position increased during the quarter ended March 31, 2014 by $2.4 million from the estimated state tax liability as a result of increased revenues. We expect to release tax liabilities for uncertain tax positions related to federal tax credits taken on the 2009 income tax return in the third quarter of 2014 of approximately $6.5 million, and during the fourth quarter of 2014 of approximately $3.9 million, which will result in a reduction to income tax expense.

Net Income per Share

Net income per share for the three months ended March 31, 2014, and 2013, is presented below: Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 2013 Net income per basic share $ 0.48$ 0.38 Net income per diluted share $ 0.44$ 0.36 40



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The increase in the net income per diluted share is due to the increase in royalty revenues and the resulting increase in net income.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We finance our operations primarily through royalty and other license related revenues, public and private placements of debt and equity securities and interest income on invested capital. We currently have fewer than ten employees managing our intellectual property, our licensing operations and other corporate activities as well as providing for certain essential reporting and management functions of a public company.

We had cash, cash equivalents and investments in the aggregate of $337.6 million and $99.5 million at March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively. The increase was primarily attributable to net cash provided by the proceeds from the issuance of the February 2018 Notes of $300.0 million, proceeds from the issuance of warrants of $11.4 million, and operating activities of $91.8 million, offset in part by cash advanced on notes receivable of $50.0 million, purchase of call options of $31.0 million, repurchase of a portion of the Series 2012 Notes of $29.9 million, payment of dividends of $24.0 million, repayment of a portion of the term loan of $18.8 million, and payment of debt issuance costs related to the February 2018 Note issuance of $9.8 million. We believe that cash from future royalty revenues, net of operating expenses, debt service and income taxes, plus cash on hand, will be sufficient to fund our operations over the next several years. Although the last of our Queen et al. patents expire in December 2014, we expect to receive royalties beyond expiration based on the terms of our licenses. We do not expect to receive any meaningful royalty revenue from our Queen et al. patents beyond the first quarter of 2016.

We continuously evaluate alternatives to increase return for our stockholders by, for example, purchasing income generating assets, buying back our convertible notes, repurchasing our common stock, paying dividends and selling the Company. On January 29, 2014, our board of directors declared regular quarterly dividends of $0.15 per share of common stock, payable on March 12, June 12, September 12 and December 12 of 2014 to stockholders of record on March 5, June 5, September 5 and December 5 of 2014, the record dates for each of the dividend payments, respectively.

Notes and Other Long-term Receivables

Wellstat Diagnostics Note Receivable and Credit Agreement

In March 2012, the Company executed a $7.5 million two-year senior secured note receivable with the holders of the equity interests in Wellstat Diagnostics. In addition to bearing interest at 10% per annum, the note gave PDL certain rights to negotiate for certain future financing transactions. In August 2012, PDL and the borrowers amended the note receivable, providing a senior secured note receivable of $10.0 million, bearing interest at 12% per annum, to replace the original $7.5 million note. This $10.0 million note was repaid on November 2, 2012, using the proceeds of the $40.0 million credit facility entered into with the Company on the same date.

On November 2, 2012, the Company and Wellstat Diagnostics entered into a $40.0 million credit agreement pursuant to which the Company is to accrue quarterly interest payments at the rate of 5% per annum (payable in cash or in kind). In addition, PDL will receive quarterly royalty payments based on a low double digit royalty rate of Wellstat Diagnostics' net revenues, generated by the sale, distribution or other use of Wellstat Diagnostics' products, if any, commencing upon the commercialization of its products.

In January 2013, the Company was informed that, as of December 31, 2012, Wellstat Diagnostics had used funds contrary to the terms of the credit agreement and breached Sections 2.1.2 and 7 of the credit agreement. PDL sent Wellstat Diagnostics a notice of default on January 22, 2013, and accelerated the amounts owed under the credit agreement. In connection with the notice of default, PDL exercised one of its available remedies and transferred approximately $8.1 million of available cash from a bank account of Wellstat Diagnostics to PDL and applied the funds to amounts due under the credit agreement. On February 28, 2013, the parties entered into a forbearance agreement whereby PDL agreed to refrain from exercising additional remedies for 120 days while Wellstat Diagnostics raised funds to capitalize the business and the parties attempted to negotiate a revised credit agreement. PDL agreed to provide up to $7.9 million to Wellstat Diagnostics to fund the business for the 120-day forbearance period under the terms of the forbearance agreement. Following the conclusion of the forbearance period, ending on June 28, 2013, the Company agreed to forbear in its exercise of remedies for additional periods of time to allow the owners and affiliates of Wellstat Diagnostics to complete a pending financing transaction. During such forbearance period, the Company provided approximately $1.3 million to Wellstat Diagnostics to fund ongoing operations of the business. During the year ended December 31, 2013, approximately $8.7 million was advanced pursuant to the forbearance agreement, and no further advances have been provided by the Company to Wellstat Diagnostics during the three months ended March 31, 2014.

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On August 15, 2013, the owners and affiliates of Wellstat Diagnostics completed a financing transaction to fulfill its obligations under the forbearance agreement. On August 15, 2013, the Company entered into an amended and restated credit agreement with Wellstat Diagnostics. The Company determined that the new agreement should be accounted for as a modification of the existing agreement.

Except as otherwise described here, the material terms of the amended and restated credit agreement are substantially the same as those of the original credit agreement, including quarterly interest payments at the rate of 5% per annum (payable in cash or in kind). In addition, PDL will continue to receive quarterly royalty payments based on a low double digit royalty rate of Wellstat Diagnostics' net revenues. However, pursuant to the amended and restated credit agreement: (i) the principal amount was reset to approximately $44.1 million which was comprised of approximately $33.7 million original loan principal and interest, $1.3 million term loan principal and interest and $9.1 million forbearance principal and interest; (ii) the specified internal rates of return increased; (iii) the default interest rate was increased; (iv) Wellstat Diagnostics' obligation to provide certain financial information increased in frequency to monthly; (v) internal financial controls were strengthened by requiring Wellstat Diagnostics to maintain an independent, third-party financial professional with control over fund disbursements; (vi) the Company waived the existing events of default; and (vii) the owners and affiliates of Wellstat Diagnostics are required to contribute additional capital to Wellstat Diagnostics upon the sale of an affiliate entity. The amended and restated credit agreement continues to have an ultimate maturity date of December 31, 2021 (but may mature earlier upon certain specified events).

When the principal amount was reset, a $2.5 million reduction of the carrying value was recorded as a financing cost as a component of interest and other income, net. The new carrying value is lower as a function of the variable nature of the internal rate of return to be realized by the Company based on when the note is repaid. The internal rate of return calculation, although increased, was reset when the credit agreement was amended and restated.

Wellstat Diagnostics may prepay the amended credit agreement at a price that, together with interest and royalty payments already made to the Company, would generate a specified internal rate of return to the Company. In the event of a change of control, bankruptcy or certain other customary events of defaults, or Wellstat Diagnostics' failure to achieve a specified annual revenue threshold in 2017, Wellstat Diagnostics will be required to prepay the credit agreement at a price that, together with interest and royalty payments already made to the Company, would generate a specified internal rate of return to the Company. The amended credit agreement is secured by a pledge of all of the assets of Wellstat Diagnostics, a pledge of all of Wellstat Diagnostics' equity interests by the holders thereof, and a second lien on the assets of the affiliates of Wellstat Diagnostics.

At March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, the carrying value of the note was included in non-current assets.

As of March 31, 2014, the Company determined that its interest in Wellstat Diagnostics represented a variable interest in a Variable Interest Entity since Wellstat Diagnostics' equity was not sufficient to finance its operations without amounts advanced to it under the Company's note and forbearance agreement. However, the Company does not have the power to direct the activities of Wellstat Diagnostics that most significantly impacts Wellstat Diagnostic's economic performance and is not the primary beneficiary of Wellstat Diagnostics; therefore, Wellstat Diagnostics is not subject to consolidation.

We believe that Wellstat Diagnostics does not currently have sufficient capital to execute its business plan. Wellstat Diagnostics is considering other sources of financing and strategic alternatives, including selling the company. Depending on the outcome of its efforts and PDL's assessment of Wellstat Diagnostics's financial viability, we may recognize an impairment in a future period. The Company completed an impairment analysis for the quarter ended March 31, 2014. The estimated fair value of the collateral was determined to be approximately $52.2 million. The estimated fair value of the collateral was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the underlying technology included in the collateral. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected income from sales of planned products over a period of 15 years. The terminal value was estimated using selected market multiples based on sales and EBITDA.

Hyperion Agreement

On January 27, 2012, PDL and Hyperion entered into an agreement whereby Hyperion sold to PDL the royalty streams due from SDK related to a certain patent license agreement between Hyperion and SDK dated December 31, 2008. The agreement assigned the patent license agreement royalty stream accruing from January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2013 to PDL in exchange for the lump sum payment to Hyperion of $2.3 million. In exchange for the lump sum payment, PDL was to receive two equal payments of $1.2 million on both March 5, 2013 and March 5, 2014. The first payment of $1.2 million was paid on March 5, 2013. The second and final payment of $1.2 million was due on March 5, 2014. Hyperion did not make its scheduled payment on March 5, 2014. The Company completed an impairment analysis for the quarter ended March 31, 2013. The estimated fair value of the collateral was determined to be in excess of that of the carrying value. Hyperion is considering other

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sources of financing and strategic alternatives, including selling the company. Depending on the outcome of its efforts and PDL's assessment of Hyperion's financial viability, we may recognize an impairment in a future period.

Merus Labs Note Receivable and Credit Agreement

In July 2012, PDL loaned $35.0 million to Merus Labs in connection with its acquisition of a commercial-stage pharmaceutical product and related assets. In addition, PDL agreed to provide a $20.0 million letter of credit on behalf of Merus Labs for the seller of the assets to draw upon to satisfy the remaining $20.0 million purchase price obligation. The seller made this draw on the letter of credit in July 2013 and an additional loan to Merus Labs for $20.0 million was recorded for an aggregate of $55.0 million in total borrowings.

Outstanding borrowings under the July 2012 loan bore interest at the rate of 13.5% per annum and outstanding borrowings as a result of the draw on the letter of credit bore interest at the rate of 14.0% per annum. Merus Labs was required to make four periodic principal payments in respect of the July 2012 loan, with repayment of the remaining principal balance of all loans due on March 31, 2015. The borrowings were subject to mandatory prepayments upon certain asset dispositions or debt issuances as set forth in the credit agreement. Merus Labs made the first of these payments in December 2012 in the amount of $5.0 million, and made the second payment in June 2013 in the amount of $7.5 million.

In September 2013, Merus Labs prepaid in full its obligations under the credit agreement, including accrued interest through the payment date and a prepayment fee of 1% of the aggregate principal amount outstanding at the time of repayment. There was no outstanding balance owed as of March 31, 2014.

AxoGen Note Receivable and Royalty Agreement

In October 2012, PDL entered into the Royalty Agreement with AxoGen pursuant to which the Company will receive specified royalties on AxoGen's net revenues (as defined in the Royalty Agreement) generated by the sale, distribution or other use of AxoGen's products. The Royalty Agreement has an eight year term and provides PDL with royalties of 9.95% based on AxoGen net revenues, subject to agreed-upon guaranteed quarterly minimum payments of approximately $1.3 to $2.3 million beginning in the fourth quarter of 2014, and the right to require AxoGen to repurchase the Royalty Agreement at the end of the fourth year. AxoGen has been granted certain rights to call the contract in years five through eight. The total consideration PDL paid to AxoGen for the royalty rights was $20.8 million, including an interim funding of $1.8 million in August 2012. AxoGen was required to use a portion of the proceeds from the Royalty Agreement to pay the outstanding balance under its existing credit facility. AxoGen plans to use the remainder of the proceeds to support the business plan for its products. The royalty rights are secured by the cash and accounts receivable of AxoGen.

Under the Royalty Agreement, beginning on October 1, 2016, or in the event of the occurrence of a material adverse event, AxoGen's bankruptcy or material breach of the Royalty Agreement, the Company may require AxoGen to repurchase the royalty rights at a price that, together with payments already made by AxoGen, would generate a specified internal rate of return to the Company. The Company has concluded that the repurchase option is an embedded derivative which should be bifurcated and separately accounted for at fair value.

In the event of a change of control, AxoGen must repurchase the assigned interests from the Company for a repurchase price equal to an amount that, together with payments already made by AxoGen, would generate a 32.5% internal rate of return to the Company. The Company has concluded that the change of control provision is an embedded derivative that should be bifurcated and separately recorded at its estimated fair value. The estimated fair value of the change of control provision was approximately $1.1 million and $1.1 million as of March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively. The estimated fair value of this embedded derivative is included in the carrying value of the AxoGen note receivable. The Company recognized approximately $0.1 million and zero related to the change in the estimated fair value of the embedded derivative during the three month periods ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

At any time after September 30, 2016, AxoGen, at its option, can repurchase the assigned interests under the Royalty Agreement for a price applicable in a change of control.

During the term of the Royalty Agreement, the Company is entitled to designate an individual to be a member of AxoGen's board of directors. The Company has exercised this right and on October 5, 2012, upon the close of the transaction, the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer was elected to AxoGen's board of directors.

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On August 14, 2013, PDL purchased 1,166,666 shares of AXGN at $3.00 per share, totaling $3.5 million. The shares are classified as available for sale and recorded as short term investments on the balance sheet. As of March 31, 2014, the shares were valued at $3.6 million, which results in an unrealized gain of $0.1 million and is recorded in other comprehensive income.

Avinger Note Receivable and Royalty Agreement

On April 18, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with Avinger, under which we made available to Avinger up to $40.0 million to be used by Avinger in connection with the commercialization of its lumivascular catheter devices and the development of Avinger's lumivascular atherectomy device. Of the $40.0 million available to Avinger, $20.0 million, net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. Upon the attainment by Avinger of a certain revenue milestone to be accomplished no later than the end of the first half of 2014, the Company will fund Avinger an additional amount between $10.0 million and $20.0 million (net of fees) at Avinger's election. Outstanding borrowings under the initial loan bear interest at a stated rate of 12% per annum, and any future outstanding borrowings as a result of an additional amount funded upon reaching the revenue milestone will bear interest at the rate of 14% per annum.

Avinger is required to make quarterly interest and principal payments. Principal repayment will commence on: (i) the eleventh interest payment date if the revenue milestone is not achieved or (ii) the thirteenth interest payment date if the revenue milestone is achieved. The principal amount outstanding at commencement of repayment, after taking into account any payment-in-kind, will be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans. The loans will mature in April 2018.

In connection with entering into the credit agreement, the Company will receive a low, single-digit royalty on Avinger's net revenues through April 2018. Avinger may prepay the outstanding principal and accrued interest on the notes receivable at any time. If Avinger repays the notes receivable prior to April 2018, the royalty on Avinger's net revenues will be reduced by 50% and will be subject to certain minimum payments from the prepayment date through April 2018.

The obligations under the credit agreement are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of Avinger and any of its subsidiaries (other than controlled foreign corporations, if any). The credit agreement provides for a number of standard events of default, including payment, bankruptcy, covenant, representation and warranty and judgment defaults.

LENSAR Credit Agreement

On October 1, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with LENSAR, under which PDL made available to LENSAR up to $60 million to be used by LENSAR in connection with the commercialization of its currently marketed LENSAR Laser System. Of the $60 million available to LENSAR, an initial $40 million, net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. Upon attainment by LENSAR of a specified sales milestone to be accomplished no later than September 30, 2014, PDL will fund LENSAR an additional $20 million. Outstanding borrowings under the loans bear interest at the rate of 15.5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

Principal repayment will commence on the thirteenth interest payment date or December 31, 2016. The principal amount outstanding at the commencement of repayment will be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans. The loans will mature on October 1, 2018. LENSAR may elect to prepay the loans at any time, subject to a prepayment penalty that decreases over the life of the loans. The loans are secured by all of the assets of LENSAR.

Durata Credit Agreement

On October 31, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with Durata, under which the Company made available to Durata up to $70.0 million. Of the $70.0 million available to Durata, an initial $25.0 million (tranche one), net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. Upon marketing approval of dalbavancin in the United States, to be accomplished no later than December 31, 2014 (the tranche two milestone), the Company will fund Durata an additional $15 million (tranche two). Within 9 months after the occurrence of the tranche two milestone, Durata may request up to a single additional $30 million borrowing. Until the occurrence of the tranche two milestone, outstanding borrowings under tranche one bear interest at the rate of 14.0% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears. Upon occurrence of the tranche two milestone, the interest rate of the loans will decrease to 12.75%.

Principal repayment will commence on the fifth interest payment date, March 31, 2015. The principal amount outstanding will be repaid quarterly over the remainder of the loans in an increasing percentage of the principal outstanding at commencement of repayment. The loans will mature on October 31, 2018. Durata may elect to prepay the loans at any time, subject to a prepayment penalty that decreases over the life of the loans. The Company is entitled to receive a fee in addition to the

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prepayment penalty in the event that Durata undergoes a change in control. The obligations under the credit agreement are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of Durata.

Direct Flow Credit Agreement

On November 5, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with Direct Flow Medical, which PDL will provide up to $50.0 million to Direct Flow Medical. Of the $50.0 million available to Direct Flow Medical, an initial $35.0 million (tranche one), net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. Upon the attainment of a specified revenue milestone to be accomplished no later than December 31, 2014 (the tranche two milestone), the Company will fund Direct Flow Medical an additional $15.0 million, net of fees. Until the occurrence of the tranche two milestone, outstanding borrowings under tranche one bear interest at the rate of 15.5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears. Upon occurrence of the tranche two milestone, the interest rate of the loans will decrease to 13.5%. Principal repayment will commence on the twelfth interest payment date, September 30, 2016. The principal amount outstanding at commencement of repayment will be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans. The loans will mature on November 5, 2018. Direct Flow Medical may elect to prepay the loans at any time, subject to a prepayment penalty that decreases over the life of the loans. The obligations under the credit agreement are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of Direct Flow Medical and any of its subsidiaries.

Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement

On February 14, 2014, the Company entered into a credit agreement with Paradigm Spine, under which it made available to Paradigm up to $75.0 million to be used by Paradigm Spine to refinance its existing credit facility and expand its domestic commercial operations. Of the $75.0 million available to Paradigm Spine, an initial $50 million, net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. Upon the attainment of specified sales and other milestones before December 31, 2014, the Company will fund Paradigm Spine between an additional $6.25 million and $12.5 million, at Paradigm Spine's discretion. Upon the attainment of specified sales and other milestones before June 30, 2015, the Company will fund Paradigm Spine up to an additional $12.5 million, also at Paradigm Spine's discretion. Borrowings under the credit agreement bear interest at the rate of 13.0% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

Principal repayment will commence on the twelfth interest payment date, December 31, 2016. The principal amount outstanding at commencement of repayment will be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans. The loans will mature on February 14, 2019, or, if Paradigm Spine has achieved the first milestone and the additional loan amount is provided to Paradigm Spine, the loans will mature on August 14, 2019. Paradigm Spine may elect to prepay the loans at any time, subject to a prepayment penalty that decreases over the life of the loans. The obligations under the credit agreement are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of Paradigm Spine and its domestic subsidiaries and, initially, certain assets of Paradigm Spine's German subsidiaries.

Convertible Notes Series 2012 Notes



In January 2012, we exchanged $169.0 million aggregate principal of new Series 2012 Notes for an identical principal amount of our February 2015 Notes, plus a cash payment of $5.00 for each $1,000 principal amount tendered, totaling approximately $845,000. The cash incentive payment was allocated to deferred issue costs of $765,000, additional paid-in capital of $52,000 and deferred tax assets of $28,000. The deferred issue costs will be recognized over the life of the Series 2012 Notes as interest expense. In February 2012, we entered into separate privately negotiated exchange agreements under which we exchanged an additional $10.0 million aggregate principal amount of the new Series 2012 Notes for an identical principal amount of our February 2015 Notes. In August 2013, the Company entered into a separate privately negotiated exchange agreement under which it retired the final $1.0 million aggregate principal amount of the Company's outstanding February 2015 Notes. Pursuant to the exchange agreement, the holder of the February 2015 Notes received $1.0 million aggregate principal amount of the Company's Series 2012 Notes. Immediately following the exchange, no principal amount of the February 2015 Notes remained outstanding and $180.0 million principal amount of the Series 2012 Notes was outstanding. On February 6, 2014, the Company entered into exchange agreements and purchase agreements with certain holders of approximately $131.7 million aggregate principal amount of outstanding Series 2012 Notes. The exchange agreements provided for the issuance by the Company of shares of common stock and a cash payment for the Series 2012 Notes being exchanged, and the purchase agreements provided for a cash payment for the Series 2012 Notes being repurchased. The total consideration given was approximately $191.8 million. The Company issued to the participating holders of the February 2012 Notes, a total of approximately 20.3 million shares of its common stock with a fair value of approximately $157.6 million and made an aggregate cash payment of approximately $34.2 million pursuant to the exchange and purchase agreements. Of the $34.2 million cash payment, $2.5 million is attributable to a inducement fee, $1.8 million is attributable to interest accrued through the date of settlement and

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$29.9 million is attributable to the repurchase of the Series 2012 Notes. It was determined that the exchange and purchase agreement represented an extinguishment of the related notes. As a result, a loss on extinguishment of $6.1 million was recorded. The $6.1 million loss on extinguishment included the derecognition of original issuance discount of $5.8 million and a $0.3 million charge resulting from the difference of the face value of the notes and the fair value of the notes. Immediately following the exchange, $48.3 million principal amount of the Series 2012 Notes was outstanding with approximately $2.1 million of remaining original issuance discount to be amortized over the remaining life of the Series 2012 Notes.

The terms of the Series 2012 Notes are governed by the indenture dated as of January 5, 2012, and include a net share settlement feature, meaning that if a conversion occurs, the principal amount will be settled in cash and the excess, if any, will be settled in the Company's common stock. The Series 2012 Notes may not be redeemed by the Company prior to their stated maturity date. Our Series 2012 Notes are due February 15, 2015, and bear interest at a rate of 2.875% per annum, payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year.

Holders may convert their Series 2012 Notes at any time prior to the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the stated maturity date of the Series 2012 Notes under the following circumstances:

• During any fiscal quarter commencing after the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2011, if the closing price of the Company's common stock for at least 20 trading days in a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter exceeds 130% of the conversion price for the Series 2012 Notes on the last day of such preceding fiscal quarter; • During the five business-day period immediately after any five consecutive trading-day period in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of the Series 2012 Notes for each trading day of that measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the closing price of the Company's common stock and the conversion rate for the Series 2012 Notes for that trading day; • Upon the occurrence of certain corporate transactions as provided in the indenture; or



• Anytime, at the holder's option, beginning on August 15, 2014.

Holders of our Series 2012 Notes who convert their Series 2012 Notes in connection with a fundamental change resulting in the reclassification, conversion, exchange or cancellation of our common stock may be entitled to a make-whole premium in the form of an increase in the conversion rate. Such fundamental change is generally defined to include a merger involving PDL, an acquisition of a majority of PDL's outstanding common stock and a change of a majority of PDL's board of directors without the approval of the board of directors.

We allocated $2.3 million of the remaining deferred February 2015 Notes original issue discount as of the date of the exchange to the Series 2012 Notes based on the percentage of the February 2015 Notes exchanged. In accordance with the accounting guidance for convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash or other assets on conversion, we were required to separately account for the liability component of the instrument in a manner that reflects the market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument at the date of issuance. As a result, we separated the principal balance of the Series 2012 Notes, net of the allocated original issue discount, between the fair value of the debt component and the common stock conversion feature. Using an assumed borrowing rate of 7.3%, which represents the estimated market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument available to us during the period of the exchange transactions, we recorded a total debt discount of $16.8 million, allocated $10.9 million to additional paid-in capital and $5.9 million to deferred tax liability. The discount is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the Series 2012 Notes and increases interest expense during the term of the Series 2012 Notes from the 2.875% cash coupon interest rate to an effective interest rate of 7.3%. The common stock conversion feature is recorded as a component of stockholders' deficit.

As of May 7, 2014, we have not received notices for the conversion of the Series 2012 Notes. If we do receive any conversion notices they would be net settled in cash and the excess, if any, will be settled in the Company's common stock. We do not expect the current capital market conditions and credit environment to create incentives for note holders to convert their notes, however, there can be no assurance that our holders will not request conversion. If the full $48.3 million in aggregate convertible debt was called for conversion prior to March 31, 2014, given our current cash and cash equivalents balance, we would have sufficient unrestricted cash and cash equivalents on hand to satisfy the conversion without additional liquidity. We may also consider restructuring our obligations under the convertible debt, or raising additional cash through sales of investments, assets or common stock, or from borrowings to fund this conversion.

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May 2015 Notes

On May 16, 2011, we issued $155.3 million in aggregate principal amount, at par, of our May 2015 Notes in an underwritten public offering, for net proceeds of $149.7 million. Our May 2015 Notes are due May 1, 2015, and we pay interest at 3.75% on our May 2015 Notes semiannually in arrears on May 1 and November 1 of each year, beginning November 1, 2011. Proceeds from our May 2015 Notes, net of amounts used for purchased call option transactions and provided by the warrant transactions described below, were used to redeem our 2012 Notes. Upon the occurrence of a fundamental change, as defined in the indenture, holders have the option to require PDL to repurchase their May 2015 Notes at a purchase price equal to 100% of the principal, plus accrued interest.

Our May 2015 Notes are convertible under any of the following circumstances:

• During any fiscal quarter ending after the quarter ending June 30, 2011, if the last reported sale price of our common stock for at least 20 trading days in a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter exceeds 130% of the conversion price for the notes on the last day of such preceding fiscal quarter; • During the five business-day period immediately after any five consecutive trading-day period, which we refer to as the measurement period, in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of notes for each trading day of that measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of our common stock and the conversion rate for the notes for each such day; • Upon the occurrence of specified corporate events as described further in the indenture; or



• At any time on or after November 1, 2014.

In accordance with the accounting guidance for convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash or other assets on conversion, we were required to separately account for the liability component of the instrument in a manner that reflects the market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument at the date of issuance. As a result, we separated the principal balance of our May 2015 Notes between the fair value of the debt component and the fair value of the common stock conversion feature. Using an assumed borrowing rate of 7.5%, which represents the estimated market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument available to us on the date of issuance, we recorded a total debt discount of $18.9 million, allocated $12.3 million to additional paid-in capital and allocated $6.6 million to deferred tax liability. The discount is being amortized to interest expense over the term of our May 2015 Notes and increases interest expense during the term of our May 2015 Notes from the 3.75% cash coupon interest rate to an effective interest rate of 7.5%. As of March 31, 2014, the remaining discount amortization period is 1.1 years.

Purchased Call Options and Warrants

In connection with the issuance of our May 2015 Notes, we entered into purchased call option transactions with two hedge counterparties. We paid an aggregate amount of $20.8 million, plus legal fees, for the purchased call options with terms substantially similar to the embedded conversion options in our May 2015 Notes. The purchased call options cover, subject to anti-dilution and certain other customary adjustments substantially similar to those in our May 2015 Notes, approximately 25.3 million shares of our common stock. We may exercise the purchased call options upon conversion of our May 2015 Notes and require the hedge counterparty to deliver shares to the Company in an amount equal to the shares required to be delivered by the Company to the note holder for the excess conversion value. The purchased call options expire on May 1, 2015, or the last day any of our May 2015 Notes remain outstanding.

In addition, we sold to the hedge counterparties warrants exercisable, on a cashless basis, for the sale of rights to receive up to 27.5 million shares of common stock underlying our May 2015 Notes. We received an aggregate amount of $10.9 million for the sale from the two counterparties. The warrant counterparties may exercise the warrants on their specified expiration dates that occur over a period of time ending on January 20, 2016. If the VWAP of our common stock, as defined in the warrants, exceeds the strike price of the warrants on the date of conversion, we will deliver to the warrant counterparties shares equal to the spread between the VWAP on the date of exercise or expiration and the strike price. If the VWAP is less than the strike price, neither party is obligated to deliver anything to the other.

The purchased call option transactions and warrant sales effectively serve to reduce the potential dilution associated with conversion of our May 2015 Notes. The strike prices are approximately $6.15 and $7.23, subject to further adjustment upon certain events including dividend payments, for the purchased call options and warrants, respectively.

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If the share price is above $6.15, but below $7.23, upon conversion of our May 2015 Notes, the purchased call options will offset the share dilution, because the Company will receive shares on exercise of the purchased call options equal to the shares that the Company must deliver to the note holders. If the share price is above $7.23, upon exercise of the warrants, the Company will deliver shares to the counterparties in an amount equal to the excess of the share price over $7.23. For example, a 10% increase in the share price above $7.23 would result in the issuance of 2.0 million incremental shares upon exercise of the warrants. If our share price increases, additional dilution would occur.

While the purchased call options are expected to reduce the potential equity dilution upon conversion of our May 2015 Notes, prior to conversion or exercise, our May 2015 Notes and the warrants could have a dilutive effect on the Company's earnings per share to the extent that the price of the Company's common stock during a given measurement period exceeds the respective exercise prices of those instruments. As of March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, the market price condition for convertibility of our May 2015 Notes was not met and there were no related purchased call options or warrants exercised.

The purchased call options and warrants are considered indexed to PDL stock, require net-share settlement and met all criteria for equity classification at inception and at March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013. The purchased call options cost, including legal fees, of $20.8 million, less deferred taxes of $7.2 million and the $10.9 million received for the warrants, was recorded as adjustments to additional paid-in capital. Subsequent changes in fair value will not be recognized as long as the purchased call options and warrants continue to meet the criteria for equity classification.

February 2018 Notes

On February 12, 2014, we issued $300 million in aggregate principal amount, at par, of our February 2018 Notes in an underwritten public offering, for net proceeds of $290.2 million. Our February 2018 Notes are due February 1, 2018, and we pay interest at 4.0% on our February 2018 Notes semiannually in arrears on February 1 and August 1 of each year, beginning August 1, 2014. A portion of the proceeds from our February 2018 Notes, net of amounts used for purchased call option transactions and provided by the warrant transactions described below, were used to redeem $131.7 million of our Series 2012 Notes. Upon the occurrence of a fundamental change, as defined in the indenture, holders have the option to require PDL to repurchase their February 2018 Notes at a purchase price equal to 100% of the principal, plus accrued interest.

Our February 2018 Notes are convertible under any of the following circumstances:

• During any fiscal quarter ending after the quarter ending June 30, 2014, if the last reported sale price of our common stock for at least 20 trading days in a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter exceeds 130% of the conversion price for the notes on the last day of such preceding fiscal quarter; • During the five business-day period immediately after any five consecutive trading-day period, which we refer to as the measurement period, in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of notes for each trading day of that measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of our common stock and the conversion rate for the notes for each such day; • Upon the occurrence of specified corporate events as described further in the indenture; or



• At any time on or after August 1, 2017.

The initial conversion rate for the February 2018 Notes is 109.1048 shares of Company common stock per $1,000 principal amount of February 2018 Notes, which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $9.17 per share of common stock, subject to adjustments upon the occurrence of certain specified events as set forth in the Indenture. Upon conversion, the Company will be required to pay cash and, if applicable, deliver shares of Company common stock as described in the Indenture.

In accordance with the accounting guidance for convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash or other assets on conversion, we were required to separately account for the liability component of the instrument in a manner that reflects the market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument at the date of issuance. As a result, we separated the principal balance of our February 2018 Notes between the fair value of the debt component and the fair value of the common stock conversion feature. Using an assumed borrowing rate of 7.0% which represents the estimated market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument available to us on the date of issuance, we recorded a total debt discount of $29.7 million, allocated $19.3 million to additional paid-in capital and allocated $10.4 million to deferred tax liability. The discount is being amortized to interest expense over the term of our February 2018 Notes and increases interest expense during the term of our February

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2018 Notes from the 4.0% cash coupon interest rate to an effective interest rate of 6.9%. As of March 31, 2014, the remaining discount amortization period is 3.8 years.

The carrying value and unamortized discount of our February 2018 Notes were as follows:

(In thousands) March 31, 2014



Principal amount of the February 2018 Notes $ 300,000 Unamortized discount of liability component (29,056 ) Total

$ 270,944



Interest expense for our February 2018 Notes on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31, (In thousands) 2014 Contractual coupon interest $ 1,571 Amortization of debt issuance costs 222 Amortization of debt discount 671 Total $ 2,464



As of March 31, 2014, our February 2018 Notes are not convertible. At March 31, 2014, the if-converted value of our February 2018 Notes was less than the principal amount by approximately $28.0 million.

Purchased Call Options and Warrants

In connection with the issuance of our February 2018 Notes, we entered into purchased call option transactions with two hedge counterparties. We paid an aggregate amount of $31.0 million for the purchased call options with terms substantially similar to the embedded conversion options in our February 2018 Notes. The purchased call options cover, subject to anti-dilution and certain other customary adjustments substantially similar to those in our February 2018 Notes, approximately 32.7 million shares of our common stock. We may exercise the purchased call options upon conversion of our February 2018 Notes and require the hedge counterparty to deliver shares to the Company in an amount equal to the shares required to be delivered by the Company to the note holder for the excess conversion value. The purchased call options expire on February 1, 2018, or the last day any of our February 2018 Notes remain outstanding.

In addition, we sold to the hedge counterparties warrants exercisable, on a cashless basis, for the sale of rights to receive shares of common stock that will initially underlie our February 2018 Notes at a strike price of $10.3610 per share, which represents a premium of approximately 30% over the last reported sale price of the Company's common stock of $7.97 on February 6, 2014. The warrant transactions could have a dilutive effect to the extent that the market price of the Company's common stock exceeds the applicable strike price of the warrants on the date of conversion. We received an aggregate amount of $11.4 million for the sale from the two counterparties. The warrant counterparties may exercise the warrants on their specified expiration dates that occur over a period of time. If the VWAP of our common stock, as defined in the warrants, exceeds the strike price of the warrants, we will deliver to the warrant counterparties shares equal to the spread between the VWAP on the date of exercise or expiration and the strike price. If the VWAP is less than the strike price, neither party is obligated to deliver anything to the other.

The purchased call option transactions and warrant sales effectively serve to reduce the potential dilution associated with conversion of our February 2018 Notes. The strike prices are subject to further adjustment in the event that future quarterly dividends exceed $0.15 per share.

The purchased call options and warrants are considered indexed to PDL stock, require net-share settlement, and met all criteria for equity classification at inception and at March 31, 2014. The purchased call options cost of $31.0 million, less deferred taxes of $10.8 million, and the $11.4 million received for the warrants, was recorded as adjustments to additional paid-in

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capital. Subsequent changes in fair value will not be recognized as long as the purchased call options and warrants continue to meet the criteria for equity classification.

Term Loan

On October 28, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement among the Company, the lenders party thereto and the Royal Bank of Canada as administrative agent. The initial Term Loan amount was for $75 million, with a term of one year.

The interest rates per annum applicable to amounts outstanding under the Term Loan are, at the Company's option, either (a) the base rate plus 1.00%, or (b) the Eurodollar rate plus 2.00% per annum. As of March 31, 2014, the interest rate was 2.24%. Interest and the remaining principal payments associated with the Term Loan are due on the interest payment dates of April 30 and July 31 of 2014, with the remaining outstanding balance due on October 28, 2014.

Any future material domestic subsidiaries of the Company are required to guarantee the obligations of the Company under the Term Loan, except as otherwise provided. The Company's obligations under the Term Loan are secured by a lien on a substantial portion of the Company's assets.

The Term Loan contains affirmative and negative covenants that the Company believes are usual and customary for a senior secured credit agreement. The Term loan also requires compliance with certain financial covenants, including a maximum total leverage ratio and a debt service coverage ratio, in each case calculated as set forth in the Term Loan and compliance with which may be necessary to take certain corporate actions. The Term Loan contains events of default that the Company believes are usual and customary for a senior secured credit agreement.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of March 31, 2014, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined under SEC Regulation S-K Item 303(a)(4)(ii).

Contractual Obligations

Convertible Notes and Term Loan

As of March 31, 2014, our convertible notes and term loan contractual obligations consisted primarily of our February 2018 Notes, Term Loan, Series 2012 Notes and May 2015 Notes, which in the aggregate totaled $559.8 million in principal.

We expect that our debt service obligations over the next several years will consist of interest payments and repayment of our February 2018 Notes, Term Loan, Series 2012 Notes and our May 2015 Notes. We may further seek to exchange, repurchase or otherwise acquire the convertible notes in the open market in the future which could adversely affect the amount or timing of any distributions to our stockholders. We would make such exchanges or repurchases only if we deemed it to be in our stockholders' best interest. We may finance such repurchases with cash on hand and/or with public or private equity or debt financings if we deem such financings are available on favorable terms.

Notes Receivable and Other Long Term Receivables

On April 18, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with Avinger, under which we made available to Avinger up to $40.0 million to be used by Avinger in connection with the commercialization of its currently marketed lumivascular catheter devices and in the development of Avinger's lumivascular atherectomy device. Of the $40.0 million available to Avinger, we funded an initial $20.0 million, net of fees, at the close of the transaction. Upon the attainment of certain revenue milestones to be accomplished no later than the end of the first half of 2014, we will fund Avinger an additional amount between $10.0 million and $20.0 million (net of fees) at Avinger's election.

On October 1, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with LENSAR, under which PDL made available to LENSAR up to $60 million to be used by LENSAR in connection with the commercialization of its currently marketed LENSAR Laser System. Of the $60 million available to LENSAR, an initial $40 million, net of fees, was funded by PDL at the close of the transaction. Upon the attainment by LENSAR of a specified sales milestone to be accomplished no later than September 30, 2014, PDL will fund LENSAR an additional $20 million. Outstanding borrowings under the loans bear interest at the rate of 15.5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

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On October 31, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with Durata, whereby the Company made available to Durata up to $70.0 million. Of the $70.0 million available to Durata, an initial $25.0 million (tranche one), net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. Upon marketing approval of dalbavancin in the United States, to be accomplished no later than December 31, 2014 (the tranche two milestone), the Company will fund Durata an additional $15 million (tranche two). Within 9 months after the occurrence of the tranche two milestone, Durata may request up to a single additional $30 million borrowing.

On November 5, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with Direct Flow Medical, in which PDL will provide up to $50.0 million to Direct Flow Medical. Of the $50.0 million available to Direct Flow Medical, an initial $35.0 million, net of fees, was provided by the company at the close of the transaction. Upon the attainment of a specified revenue milestone to be accomplished no later than December 31, 2014, the Company will loan to Direct Flow Medical an additional $15.0 million, net of fees.

On February 18, 2014, PDL entered into a credit agreement with Paradigm Spine, in which PDL will provide up to $75.0 million to Paradigm Spine. Of the $75.0 million available to Paradigm Spine, an initial $50.0 million, net of fees, was provided by the company at the close of the transaction. Upon the attainment of specified sales and other milestones to be accomplished no later than December 31, 2014, the Company will loan to Paradigm Spine an additional $12.5 million, net of fees. Upon the attainment of additional specified sales and other milestones to be accomplished no later than December 31, 2015, the Company will loan to Paradigm Spine an additional $12.5 million, net of fees.

Lease Guarantee

In connection with the Spin-Off, we entered into amendments to the leases for our former facilities in Redwood City, California, under which Facet was added as a co-tenant, and a Co-Tenancy Agreement, under which Facet agreed to indemnify us for all matters related to the leases attributable to the period after the Spin-Off date. Should Facet default under its lease obligations, we could be held liable by the landlord as a co-tenant and, thus, we have in substance guaranteed the payments under the lease agreements for the Redwood City facilities. As of March 31, 2014, the total lease payments for the duration of the guarantee, which runs through December 2021, are approximately $87.4 million. If Facet were to default, we could also be responsible for lease related costs including utilities, property taxes and common area maintenance which may be as much as the actual lease payments. We have recorded a liability of $10.7 million on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, related to this guarantee.

Indemnification

As permitted under Delaware law and under the terms of our bylaws, the Company has entered into indemnification agreements with its directors and executive officers. Under these agreements, the Company has agreed to indemnify such individuals for certain events or occurrences, subject to certain limits, against liabilities that arise by reason of their status as directors or officers and to advance expense incurred by such individuals in connection with related legal proceedings. While the maximum amount of potential future indemnification is unlimited, we have a director and officer insurance policy that limits our exposure and may enable us to recover a portion of any future amounts paid.

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