News Column

Status of Implementation of World Bank Supported Projects in Ghana

April 29, 2014

The disclosure of this information is in line with the World Bank's Access to Information Policy approved by the Board of Executive Directors in November 2009. This new policy constitutes a major shift in the Bank's approach to information disclosure, transparency, sharing of knowledge, and accountability. Clients and the general public now have access to a much broader range of information, particularly information about projects under preparation and implementation.

1. Ghana Commercial Agriculture Project Implementation Agency: Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Contacts Alabi Bortey, email [email protected]

Key Dates Approval Date 22-Mar-2012 Effectiveness Date 08-Apr-2013 Closing Date 30-Sep-2017

Amt committed US$100m Amt Disbursed: US$10.26m

Project Development Objectives The project development objective (PDO) is: increased access to land, private sector finance, input- and output-markets by smallholder farms from private-public partnerships in commercial agriculture in Accra Plains and SADA zone.

Components Cost (US$m) 1. Strengthening investment promo infrastructure, facilitating secure access to land and project management. 11.80 2. Securing PPPs and small-holder linkages in the Accra Plains 45.40 3. Securing PPPs and small-holder linkages in the SADA zone 64.30 4. Project management and monitoring and evaluation 14.30

Overall Ratings Progress towards achievement of PDO Satisfactory Overall Implementation Progress (IP) Satisfactory Overall Risk Rating Moderate

Implementation Status Overview The second Implementation Support Mission which was carried out from December 2 to 20, 2013 (a) reviewed the status of agreed actions during the May 2013 mission; (b) reviewed and updated the procurement plan with the view of speeding up its implementation; (c) reviewed the financial management of project with a view to speed up disbursement; (d) reviewed the final report of the Accra Plains Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Prefeasibility Study; and (d) carried out field visits with particular emphasis on the Northern Regional. Zone (SADA) to meet with potential out-growers, nucleus farmers, processors, traditional leaders and Regional Government Directorates of Agriculture. The mission and the PIU team jointly organize a workshop to inform, sensitize and communicate with stakeholders in order to make them fully aware of the project, its philosophy and its rules. Seven months after declaration of effectiveness, the project is fully operational with (i) a very good number of major procurements having been launched and at various levels of processing; (ii) the launching of the call for proposals for the 1st tranche of the matching grant in the amount of US$5 million; (iii) the Aerial land survey by Lidar Technology for Nasia-Nabogo Valley for 400,000 ha is moving ahead as planned; and (iv) other key studies are also ongoing.

The procurement process at various stages is currently underway for the following activities: a. Technical feasibility studies on investment in land development for commercial agriculture SADA Zone valleys for US$3,700,000.00; b. Consultancy Services to develop a national framework for out-grower and contract farming arrangements for US$300,000.00; c. Consultancy Service to develop a concept paper on land banks which are appropriately applicable to Ghana for US$250,000.00; d. Consultancy Service to Provide technical assistance for the development of a model land lease agreement for US$250,000.00; e. Consultancy Service to develop strategic plan, Research on Investment Climate and develop capacity of staff for commercial agriculture investment for US$500,000.00; and f. Consultancy Service for the Preparation of Pre-Feasibility Analysis Report for the Rehabilitation and/or Construction of Agriculture Storage (Warehouse) Infrastructure for US $600,000.00. It is expected that these big ticket items which are at various stages in the procurement process will allow the project to be at full speed and by ricochet lead it to a very significant disbursement level in the next six months. Key Decisions Regarding Implementation In order to speed up project implementation on the ground, the mission made key decisions including: (a) speed up the review and processing of the proposal submitted by firms competing for the matching grants under the low-hanging fruits program in order to have effective financing of activities in March 2014; (b) speed up the preparation of the TORs for the full feasibility study for the PPP project in the Accra Plains and submit it to the Bank's review and approval; and (c) organize a meeting with IFC team working on Investment Climate and Investment Promotion in order to agree on a modus operandi for their support to Ghana Investment Promotion Center in order to better support and develop commercial agriculture.

2. Ghana - Pubic Private Partnership Project Implementing Agency: Ministry of Finance Contact: Isaac Oware-Aboagye, email: [email protected]

Key Dates Approval Date 27-Mar-2012 Effectiveness Date 26-Dec-2012 Closing Date 31-Aug-2016

Amt committed US$30m Amt Disbursed: US$3.37m

Project Development Objectives The objective of this Adaptable Program Lending (APL) Phase I project is to improve the legislative, institutional, financial, fiduciary and technical framework to generate a pipeline of bankable PPP projects. The overall objective of this Adaptable Program Lending (APL) two-phased initiative is to assist the Government of Ghana to increase targeted infrastructure and other social service levels and quality by mobilizing private sector participation through a public-private partnership (PPP) model. Leveraging greater volumes of private sector investment in infrastructure provision is a critical Program end-objective. The two-phased APL is designed to promote the creation of a sustainable and cost-effective PPP market in Ghana.

Component-(s Cost (US$m) 1. Institutional, Fiduciary, Legislative and Financial Capacity Building 10.00 2. PPP Pipeline Preparation and Transaction Advisory Support 18.50 3. Project Management and Monitoring & Evaluation 1.50

Overall Ratings Progress towards achievement of PDO Satisfactory Overall Implementation Progress (IP) Satisfactory Overall Risk Rating Substantial

Implementation Status Overview The second supervision mission took place from Sept 2-4, 2013 and the related Aide Memoire is currently being reviewed by government and expected to be issued soon. The mission was led by John Speaksman on behalf of the project Task Team Lead (TTL) Riham Shendy. However Riham supported the project from Washington DC. The project has progressed since the last ISR in May 2013 on a number of activities, particularly on the PPP Law and new PPP transactions as noted in the results section of this ISR. Since the last ISR (which entailed progress on two transactions: Accra-Takoradi Highway and Takoradi Port), new transactions have been submitted by PID for support under the IDA project, namely the following four projects for: a National Airline, Eastern Rail/Inland Port, Sports College Facility, Accra-Tema Motorway rehabilitation. Additionally under way are another two PPP projects: building and commercial activity project for the Security Exchange Commission (SEC) and Local Model Markets. MoFEP is currently working on these latter two projects TORs. Also both the latter transactions are in the process of first being added to the project procurement plan. Furthermore we report improvements with regards to the preparation of the PPP Law. The draft PPP law has been finalized (and undertook two reviews from the World Bank team) and GoG has undertaken 3 stakeholder consultations in 3 regions in Ghana... The Attorney General's Department is drafting the law with the requisite legal language before it can be sent to through Cabinet to Parliament. The plan is to get the draft Law to Parliament before the end of October 2013 so they can work on it and enact it before the end of December 2013. The World Bank project team currently receives a detailed status report on progress of all activities being procured every 1.5 to 2 months. This report which is prepared by the PIU and cleared by the PID-MOFEP Director has helped move the implementation of the project forward. So far reports as of April 14, May 31 and August 6 for 2013 have been developed. Currently in progress and under revision is the Status report for October 2013.

3. Ghana Health Insurance Project Implementing Agency: National Health Insurance Authority, Contact: Anthony Gingong, email: [email protected]

Key Dates Approval Date 03-Jul-2007 Effectiveness Date 10-Dec-2007 Original Closing Date 31-Dec-2012 Revised Closing Date 31-March-2014

Amt committed: US$15m Amt Disbursed: US$14.67m

Project Development Objectives The Project Development Objective is to strengthen the financial and operational management of the National Health Insurance Scheme by improving: (i) the policy adaptation and implementation capacity of the National Health Insurance Council in addressing ongoing core policy issues related to contribution collection, risk equalization, and provider payment mechanisms; and (ii) the purchasing function of the District Mutual Health Insurance Schemes, and the billing function of the Providers.

Component(s) Cost (US$m) 1. Streamlined Purchasing Policies and Mechanisms 2.05 2. Strengthening Integrated Claims Management Systems 8.60 3. Project Management 0.00

Overall Ratings Progress towards achievement of PDO Moderately Satisfactory Overall Implementation Progress (IP) Satisfactory Overall Risk Rating Moderate

Implementation Status Overview This is an update based on in-country implementation support and regular follow up as well as an in depth review of the electronics claims management system and other activities being supported under the project. Implementation Progress (IP) is maintained at Satisfactory. The three outcome indicators that have met their targets are (i) proportion of total claims submitted by providers to NHIS (District Mutual Health Insurance Scheme or Claims Processing Center) for processing that passed the initial screening; and (ii) proportion of total "clean" claims that are reimbursed by payers (NHIS) to providers within 60 days of claims receipt and (iii) % of population within the lowest quintile registered under NHIA and with a valid card. While the target of the outcome indicator on electronic claims (e-claims) management system is still far from being met it is important to note that the processing center (the CPC) was completed and twenty 20 facilities out of the target 47, and 371,873 claims have been submitted to date up from 5,918 adjudicated and paid through the system as at November 15, 2013. Some unforeseen challenges came up during expansion of the e-claims to other facilities and these have delayed the process hence the current number of e-claims. Some of these challenges are the slow internet connectivity, the systems being used by some of the facilities and the need to configure them to be compliant enough for the CPC to receive their claims and adjudicate successfully. Efforts are being made by the project team to address them. The recruitment of a firm to carry out the beneficiary assessment is to be completed shortly. All activities under Component A - Streamlined Purchasing Policies and Mechanism - have been completed. These include the capitation pilot that was successfully completed and reviewed; accreditation of providers, gate keeper and referral policy training with about 4,154 health providers and health insurance scheme staff trained. Under Component B - Strengthening Integrated Claims Management Systems, - the Health Data Dictionary (HDD) is completed and is being matched against the Ghana Health Service elements to ensure that their health facilities can generate report and submit through the District Health Information Management System II (DHIMSII). Key Decisions Regarding Implementation A nine month extension of closing date was granted in June 2013 and the new closing date is March 31, 2014

4. Ghana Partnership for Education Implementing Agencies: Ministry of Education, Ghana Education Service Contact Stephen Adu, email: [email protected]

Key Dates Board Approval Date 11-Oct-2012 Effectiveness Date 15-Feb-2013 Closing Date 31-Oct-2015

Amt committed: US$75.5m Amt disbursed: US$22.68m

Project Development Objectives The PDO of the Ghana Partnership for Education Grant is to improve the planning, monitoring and delivery of basic education services in deprived districts of Ghana.

Component(s) Cost (US$m) 1. Sub-Grants to Deprived Districts to support key education objectives 44.86 2. School Sub-Grants 24.06 3. Project Management and Institutional Strengthening 6.58

Overall Ratings Progress towards achievement of PDO Satisfactory Overall Implementation Progress (IP) Satisfactory Overall Risk Rating Substantial

Implementation Status Overview The first year of implementation will be jointly reviewed by the World Bank and the Local Education Group (LEG) during the upcoming Implementation Support Mission to be held in Ghana from December 9-16, 2013. Therefore a more detailed ISR will be elaborated after this mission. The GPEG has disbursed approximately US$23 million (30%) of the US$75 million grant to date. Beneficiary districts have received their district grant allocations for the year and are already planning their 2014 Annual Programs of Work. Training was recently held with districts to begin this process. School grants have been allocated in two tranches to all schools in these districts. The Untrained Teacher Diploma in Basic Education (UTDBE) program conducted four face to face courses since September 2012. Some ambiguity remains around eligibility criteria for enrolled trainees, but at least 5,000 are appropriately enrolled to date. Greater attention to the support for students between residential courses will be critical to ensuring their success with the program. There have been some delays in the roll out of the school report cards and the ability of the government to collate and analyze the data from the deprived districts. In addition there has been some delay in establishing the monitoring and evaluation activities as these contracts are still being processed.

Key Decisions Regarding Implementation The annual sector review was held at the end of June 2013. The National Education Sector Annual review (NESAR) provided a review of the sector and data as well as an agreement on the government priorities for the 2013-2014 school year. This agreement has recently been endorsed through an aide memoire between the government and the development partners. The next implementation support mission planned for early December 2013 will provide an opportunity for the Local Education Group to review progress specifically on the GPEG, conduct field visits to verify activities and discuss implementation with beneficiary districts, schools, and the implementing agencies. The annual project review scheduled for late January, early February 2014 will collate all of the monitoring reports from beneficiary schools and districts to inform the subsequent allocations for year two. This data will be used to update the results framework.

Ghana Skills and Technology Development Project Implementing Agencies: Ministry of Education, Council for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (COTVET) Contact: Mathew Dally, email [email protected]

Key Dates Board Approval Date 29-Mar-2011 Effectiveness Date 23-Nov-2011 Closing Date 30-Jun-2016

Amt Committed: US$70m Amt disbursed: US$17.1m

Project Development Objectives The project objective is to improve demand-driven skills development and increase adoption of new technologies in selected economic sectors.

Component(s) Cost (US$m) 1. Institutional Strengthening of Skills Development 4.00 2. Institutional Strengthening of Science and Technology Development 4.00 3. Financing of Skills and Technology Development Programs through the Skills Development Fund (SDF) 50.00 4. Project Management and Monitoring and Evaluation 5.00

Overall Ratings Progress towards achievement of PDO Moderately Satisfactory Overall Implementation Progress (IP) Moderately Unsatisfactory Overall Risk Rating Moderate

Implementation Status Overview: The implementation of the Skills Development Fund continues to improve gaining particular momentum under Component 3 (the implementation of the Skills Development Fund - SDF), through hiring additional staff for grant management, financial management, procurement and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) with a higher rate of application approvals. Notwithstanding these positive achievements, the technical assistance programs for building Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) programs have faced considerable implementation challenges. While COTVET has developed a series of policies and manuals to support strengthening of the TVET system, on the ground implementation of these important policies has not yet materialized. Under Component 1, the project aims to provide support to TVET institutions, however, this support (upgrades) has not yet commenced. Component 2 is designed to strengthen science and technology providers and while expressions of interest (EOIs) have been submitted and are under review, the selection process has not yet been completed. To address these issues, and to ensure that the project will be able to achieve its long-term development objectives, it will be important for the Government to ensure that current and envisioned activities support the project's development objective, original design, and key performance indicators (KPIs). There is an increasing risk that the delays under Components 1 and 2 can bring down the overall project rating. Disbursement also continues to be slow. An updated M&E framework required for tracking progress which elaborates on definitions, instruments, data needed and agreed formats, has been put in place and is functional. Now that a robust M&E system is in place, the Government will be able to provide updated progress on all project indicators by the next ISR (December, 2013).

Key Decisions Regarding Implementation The Government and the Bank will hold a mid-term review (MTR) in December 2013.

For more stories on investments and markets, please see HispanicBusiness' Finance Channel

Source: AllAfrica