News Column

Data from Federal University Provide New Insights into Biochemistry and Biotechnology

May 2, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Health & Medicine Week -- New research on Biochemistry and Biotechnology is the subject of a report. According to news reporting out of Vicosa, Brazil, by NewsRx editors, research stated, "Enzymatic hydrolysis is an important but expensive step in the production of ethanol from biomass. Thus, the production of efficient enzymatic cocktails is of great interest for this biotechnological application."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from Federal University, "The production of endoglucanase and xylanase activites from F. verticillioides were optimized in a factorial design (2(5)) followed by a CCDR design. Endoglucanase and xylanase activities increased from 2.8 to 8.0 U/mL and from 13.4 to 114 U/mL, respectively. The optimal pH and temperature were determined for endoglucanase (5.6, 80 degrees C), cellobiase (5.6, 60 degrees C), FPase (6.0, 55 degrees C) and xylanase (7.0, 50 degrees C)."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The optimized crude extract was applied in saccharification and fermentation of sugarcane bagasse from which 9.7 g/L of ethanol was produced at an ethanol/biomass yield of 0.19."

For more information on this research see: Optimization of Endoglucanase and Xylanase Activities from Fusarium verticillioides for Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Sugarcane Bagasse. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2014;172(3):1332-1346. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology can be contacted at: Humana Press Inc, 999 Riverview Drive Suite 208, Totowa, NJ 07512, USA. (Springer - www.springer.com; Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - www.springerlink.com/content/0273-2289/)

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting M.N. de Almeida, Federal University of Vicosa, Dept. of Fitopatol, BR-36570000 Vicosa, MG, Brazil. Additional authors for this research include V.M. Guimaraes, D.L. Falkoski, G.B.T. Paes, J.I. Ribeiro, E.M. Visser, R.F. Alfenas, O.L. Pereira and S.T. de Rezende (see also Biochemistry and Biotechnology).

Keywords for this news article include: Vicosa, Brazil, Alcohols, South America, Ethanolamines, Biochemistry and Biotechnology

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Source: Health & Medicine Week