By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Fresh data on Enzymes and Coenzymes are presented in a new report. According to news originating from Bangkok, Thailand, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Malic enzyme (ME) is one of the important enzymes for furnishing the cofactor NAD(P)H for the biosynthesis of fatty acids and sterols. Due to the existence of multiple ME isoforms in a range of oleaginous microbes, a molecular basis for the evolutionary relationships amongst the enzymes in oleaginous fungi was investigated using sequence analysis and structural modelling."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, "Evolutionary distance and structural characteristics were used to discriminate the MEs of yeasts and fungi into several groups. Interestingly, the NADP(+)-dependent MEs of Mucoromycotina had an unusual insertion region (FLxxPG) that was not found in other fungi. However, the subcellular compartment of the Mucoromycotina enzyme could not be clearly identified by an analysis of signal peptide sequences. A constructed structural model of the ME of Mucor circinelloides suggested that the insertion region is located at the N-terminus of the enzyme (aa 159-163). In addition, it is presumably part of the dimer interface region of the enzyme, which might provide a continuously positively charged pocket for the efficient binding of negatively charged effector molecules."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The discovery of the unique structure of the Mucoromycotina ME suggests the insertion region could be involved in particular kinetics of this enzyme, which may indicate its involvement in the lipogenesis of industrially important oleaginous microbes."
For more information on this research see: Repertoire of malic enzymes in yeast and fungi: insight into their evolutionary functional and structural significance. Microbiology, 2013;159(Pt 12):2548-57. (Pleiades Publishing - www.maik.ru)
The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from T. Vorapreeda, Biochemical Engineering and Pilot Plant Research and Development Unit, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology King Mongkut'sUniversity of Technology Thonburi, Bangkhuntien, Bangkok 10150, Thailand. Additional authors for this research include C. Thammarongtham, S. Cheevadhanarak and K. Laoteng (see also Enzymes and Coenzymes).
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, Enzymes and Coenzymes.
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