By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Energy Weekly News -- New research on Energy Research is the subject of a report. According to news reporting originating from Hong Kong, People's Republic of China, by VerticalNews correspondents, research stated, "Foreseeing a promising future of utilizing bio-energy, more and more small-scale biomass power plants are recently built. Biomasses with high moisture content such as sludge or Empty Fruit Bunch are often used as fuel in small-scale power plant without proper drying."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, "These highly moist biomasses reduce the efficiency of the boiler but on the other hand drying the biofuel is also an energy intensive process. This paper aims to investigate how drying would affect the overall energy efficiency while proper heat integration in between the drying and power plant is under consideration. A 12.5 MW biomass power plant that burns EFB with 60 wt% moisture is used as a base case. Two types of dryer, Hot Air Dryer (HAD) and Superheated Steam Dryer (SSD), are proposed for the drying process. These two dryers require heat at different temperature levels to provide a better chance for heat integration. Material and energy balance models of the dryers and boilers are derived in this paper and the steam power plant model is constructed in Aspen Plus."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The results of this study show that with proper drying and heat integration, the overall efficiency can be improved by more than 5%, when compared to process without drying."
For more information on this research see: Drying of biomass for power generation: A case study on power generation from empty fruit bunch. Energy, 2013;63():205-215. Energy can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Energy - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/483)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting H.T. Luk, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Dept. of Environm Engn, Kowloon, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China. Additional authors for this research include T.Y.G. Lam, A.O. Oyedun, T. Gebreegziabher and C.W. Hui.
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Hong Kong, Power Plant, Energy Research, People's Republic of China
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