News Column

Study Results from El Colegio de la Frontera Sur Provide New Insights into Science

March 7, 2014

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Science Letter -- Current study results on Science have been published. According to news reporting from Chiapas, Mexico, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "With the goal of understanding the chitinolytic mechanism of the potential biological control strain Serratia marcescens CFFSUR-B2, genes encoding chitinases ChiA, ChiB and ChiC, chitobiase (Chb) and chitin binding protein (CBP) were cloned, the protein products overexpressed in Escherichia coli as 6His-Sumo fusion proteins and purified by affinity chromatography. Following affinity tag removal, the chitinolytic activity of the recombinant proteins was evaluated individually and in combination using colloidal chitin as substrate."

The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, "ChiB and ChiC were highly active while ChiA was inactive. Reactions containing both ChiB and ChiC showed significantly increased N-acetylglucosamine trimer and dimer formation, but decreased monomer formation, compared to reactions with either enzyme alone. This suggests that while both ChiB and ChiC have a general affinity for the same substrate, they attack different sites and together degrade chitin more efficiently than either enzyme separately. Chb and CBP in combination with ChiB and ChiC (individually or together) increased their chitinase activity. We report for the first time the potentiating effect of Chb on the activity of the chitinases and the synergistic activity of a mixture of all five proteins (the three chitinases, Chb and CBP)."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "These results contribute to our understanding of the mechanism of action of the chitinases produced by strain CFFSUR-B2 and provide a molecular basis for its high potential as a biocontrol agent against fungal pathogens."

For more information on this research see: Potentiation of the synergistic activities of chitinases ChiA, ChiB and ChiC from Serratia marcescens CFFSUR-B2 by chitobiase (Chb) and chitin binding protein (CBP). World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 2014;30(1):33-42 (see also Science).

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting M.I. Gutierrez-Roman, Departamento de Agricultura, Sociedad y Ambiente, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Carretera Antiguo Aeropuerto Km 25, CP 30700, Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico. Additional authors for this research include M.F. Dunn, R. Tinoco-Valencia, F. Holguin-Melendez, G. Huerta-Palacios and K. Guillen-Navarro.

Keywords for this news article include: Mexico, Chiapas, Science, Peptides, Proteins, Amino Acids, North and Central America.

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Source: Science Letter

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