News Column

Extendicare Announces 2013 Fourth Quarter and Year-end Results

February 26, 2014

MARKHAM, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Feb. 26, 2014) - Extendicare Inc. ("Extendicare" or the "Company") (TSX:EXE) today reported results for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2013. Results are presented in Canadian dollars unless otherwise noted.

HIGHLIGHTS (variances exclude effect of foreign exchange)

Q4 Financial Results

-- Revenue of $519.3 million in Q4 2013 included a $6.7 million increase in same-facility operations over Q4 2012. -- In the United States, our average daily Medicare Part A rate in Q4 2013 decreased by 0.3% over Q4 2012, and by 0.5% over Q3 2013. Average daily Managed Care rate in Q4 2013 increased by 1.3% over Q4 2013 and declined by 0.8% over Q3 2013. -- In Canada, the average daily revenue rate for our senior care centers increased by 5.6% to $201.82 from $191.15 in Q4 2012, and home health care volumes improved by 8.1%. -- Adjusted EBITDA of $32.1 million in Q4 2013, declined by $21.8 million over Q4 2012, and by $11.2 million over Q3 2013. -- Adjusted EBITDA included an increase in the provision for self-insured liabilities of $14.3 million over Q4 2012 and $6.3 million over Q3 2013. -- Adjusted EBITDA margin of 6.2% in Q4 2013, down from 10.7% in Q4 2012 and from 8.5% in Q3 2013. -- AFFO was $10.4 million ($0.119 per basic share) in Q4 2013 compared to $26.8 million ($0.312 per basic share) in Q4 2012 and $20.4 million ($0.235 per basic share) in Q3 2013.



2013 Financial Results

-- Revenue of $2,024.4 million included a $19.6 million increase in same- facility operations over 2012. -- In the United States, our average daily revenue rates for Medicare Part A and Managed Care in 2013 increased by 1.9% and 2.5%, respectively, over 2012. -- In Canada, the average daily revenue rate for our senior care centers increased by 3.8% to $194.33 from $187.24 in 2012, and home health care volumes improved by 5.2%. -- Adjusted EBITDA of $155.7 million in 2013 declined by $30.0 million, due to an increase in provision for self-insured liabilities and lower U.S. census levels. -- EBITDA margin of 7.7% in 2013 compared to 9.0% in 2012. -- AFFO was $71.1 million ($0.820 per basic share) in 2013 compared to $84.6 million ($0.994 per basic share) in 2012. -- Distributions in 2013 totalled $52.0 million, representing approximately 73% of AFFO for the same period. Since May 2013, the Company has been paying a monthly dividend of $0.04 per share, or $0.48 per share per annum.



STRATEGIC REVIEW UPDATE

As previously disclosed in May 2013, the board of directors of the Company (the "Board"), through its strategic committee (the "Strategic Committee"), has been undertaking a review of strategic alternatives relating to a separation of the Company's Canadian and U.S. businesses that would be in the best interests of the Company and would reasonably be expected to enhance shareholder value. With the assistance of CitiGroup Global Markets Inc., as a financial advisor, the Company has studied various alternatives extensively and analyzed relevant considerations, including valuation, taxation, curtailment of future liability costs, and strategic implications of each option.

Extendicare confirms that the Strategic Committee continues its work on this initiative and that the Company is currently negotiating with one party towards a transaction that may involve the lease and/or sale of some or all of our U.S. assets or business. There is no certainty that a transaction will be completed in the near term, if at all. Material details will be disclosed to the public when available.

PROVISION FOR SELF-INSURED LIABILITIES

The results of our independent actuarial review completed at year end necessitated the continued strengthening of our reserves this quarter. For 2013, we recorded a provision for self-insured liabilities of US$52.9 million (US$9.4 million, US$9.2 million, US$14.0 million and US$20.3 million in each quarter, respectively). Approximately US$22.2 million of the US$52.9 million provision recorded in 2013 related to our former Kentucky operations, as we continue to process the settlement of those claims. Of the balance of the provision of US$30.7 million, approximately US$5.7 million related to the strengthening of prior years' reserves in other states, and US$25.0 million related to potential claims for the current 2013 period.

MEDICARE UPDATES

At the end of 2013, Medicare's SGR (sustainable growth rate) was extended through March 31, 2014, to prevent schedule cuts to physician reimbursement and out-patient therapy rates, known in the industry as the "Doc Fix". The U.S. Congress is currently weighing alternatives beyond March, and is expected to implement either a nine-month fix or a more permanent solution to this annual discussion.

On February 11, 2014, the U.S. Congress passed legislation raising the debt ceiling limit allowing the U.S. government to continue to pay its bills, with no further increases needed, until March of 2015.

2013 FOURTH QUARTER FINANCIAL REVIEW

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE 1 Q4 Q4 Q3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (millions of dollars unless otherwise noted) 2013 2012 2013 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Revenue U.S. operations (US$) 307.2 313.6 309.0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- U.S. operations (C$) 322.3 310.8 321.0 Canadian operations 197.0 186.2 187.6 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total Revenue 519.3 497.0 508.6 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Adjusted EBITDA (1) U.S. operations (US$) 12.0 33.9 22.6 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- U.S. operations (C$) 12.7 33.7 23.6 Canadian operations 19.4 19.2 19.4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total Adjusted EBITDA 32.1 52.9 43.0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Adjusted EBITDA margin 6.2% 10.7% 8.5% ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Average U.S./Canadian dollar exchange rate 1.0489 0.9916 1.0385 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (1) Refer to discussion of non-GAAP measures. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------



2013 Fourth Quarter Comparison to 2012 Fourth Quarter

Consolidated revenue from continuing operations improved by $4.6 million this quarter, excluding a $17.7 million positive effect of a weaker Canadian dollar. The impact of: leasing out our Kentucky centers in the latter half of 2012; opening two new nursing centers in northern Ontario; discontinuing home health care operations in Alberta; classifying 11 U.S. skilled nursing centers in various states as held for sale; and closing a rehabilitation hospital in Michigan (collectively referred to as "non same-facility operations"), resulted in lower revenue of $2.1 million between periods. Revenue from our remaining operations (referred to as "same-facility operations") improved by $6.7 million, due to an improvement from our Canadian operations, partially offset by lower revenue from our U.S. operations.

Revenue from U.S. operations declined by US$6.4 million to US$307.2 million in the 2013 fourth quarter compared to US$313.6 million in the 2012 fourth quarter. Non same-facility operations generated revenue of US$18.1 million this quarter compared to US$19.8 million in the 2012 fourth quarter, for a net decline of US$1.7 million. Revenue from same-facility operations declined by US$4.7 million between periods, primarily due to the impact of lower census levels of US$7.4 million and a decrease in prior period revenue of US$3.0 million (a charge of US$0.7 million this quarter compared to a receipt of US$2.3 million in the 2012 fourth quarter), partially offset by a net increase in average rates of US$5.6 million and higher other revenue of US$0.1 million.

Revenue from Canadian operations grew by $10.8 million to $197.0 million in the 2013 fourth quarter from $186.2 million in the 2012 fourth quarter. For purposes of discussing the variances in our results, the operations of all six of our Sault Ste. Marie and Timmins area nursing centers, consisting of two new nursing centers that opened in 2013, three that were closed and one that was downsized, are classified as "non same-facility". In addition, we no longer provide home health care services in Alberta, and therefore, these operations have also been classified as "non same-facility". The non same-facility operations generated revenue of $9.4 million this quarter compared to $10.1 million in the 2012 fourth quarter, for a net decrease of $0.7 million. Revenue from same-facility operations improved by $11.5 million between periods, primarily due to funding enhancements, the timing of recognition of revenue under the Ontario envelope system, a favourable prior period revenue settlement adjustment of $1.2 million, and higher volumes from our Ontario home health care operations of 8.1%.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations was $32.1 million this quarter compared to $52.9 million in the 2012 fourth quarter, representing 6.2% and 10.7% of revenue, respectively. Excluding a $1.0 million positive effect of a weaker Canadian dollar, Adjusted EBITDA declined by $21.8 million, of which $21.7 million was from same-facility operations. The U.S. operations contributed $22.2 million, or US$22.2 million, to this decline and was partially offset by a $0.5 million improvement from the Canadian operations.

Adjusted EBITDA from U.S. operations declined by US$21.9 million to US$12.0 million this quarter from US$33.9 million in the 2012 fourth quarter, representing 3.9% and 10.8% of revenue, respectively. Adjusted EBITDA from non same-facility operations increased by US$0.2 million (US$2.7 million contribution this quarter compared to US$2.5 million in the same 2012 period). Adjusted EBITDA from same-facility operations decreased by US$22.1 million as a result of higher costs of US$17.4 million and lower revenue of US$4.7 million. Operating, administrative and lease costs from same-facility operations increased by US$17.4 million, primarily due to a US$14.3 million increase in the provision for self-insured liabilities, a US$4.8 million increase in labour costs primarily due to a change in vacation policy that favourably impacted the 2012 fourth quarter, and other cost increases of US$0.3 million, partially offset by a refund of prior period charges of US$2.0 million recorded in the 2013 fourth quarter.

Adjusted EBITDA from Canadian operations was $19.4 million this quarter compared to $19.2 million in the 2012 fourth quarter, representing 9.9% and 10.3% of revenue, respectively. Adjusted EBITDA from non same-facility operations declined by $0.3 million ($0.8 million contribution this quarter compared to $1.1 million in the same 2012 period). Adjusted EBITDA from same-facility operations improved by $0.5 million as a result of revenue improvements of $11.5 million, partially offset by cost increases of $11.0 million.

2013 Fourth Quarter Comparison to 2013 Third Quarter

In comparison to the 2013 third quarter, consolidated revenue from continuing operations this quarter improved by $7.5 million, excluding a $3.2 million positive effect of a weaker Canadian dollar. Revenue from the Canadian operations increased by $9.4 million due to timing of recognition under the Ontario nursing center envelope system and increased home health care volumes. Revenue from the U.S. operations declined primarily due to lower prior period settlement adjustments.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations was $32.1 million this quarter compared to $43.0 million in the 2013 third quarter, representing 6.2% and 8.5% of revenue, respectively. Excluding a $0.3 million positive effect of a weaker Canadian dollar, Adjusted EBITDA declined by $11.2 million between periods.

Adjusted EBITDA from U.S. operations declined by US$10.6 million to US$12.0 million this quarter from US$22.6 million in the 2013 third quarter, and represented 3.9% and 7.3% of revenue, respectively. Same-facility operations contributed US$9.9 million to the decline resulting from cost increases of US$9.4 million and lower revenue of US$0.5 million between quarters. Revenue was impacted by a decrease in prior period settlement adjustments of US$3.1 million, partially offset by improvements in overall census and average rates. Operating, administrative and lease costs increased by US$9.4 million between quarters, which included a higher provision for self-insured liabilities of US$6.3 million and increased labour-related costs of US$3.8 million.

Adjusted EBITDA from Canadian operations was unchanged at $19.4 million this quarter compared to the 2013 third quarter, representing 9.9% and 10.3% of revenue, respectively. Revenue improvements of $9.4 million were offset by cost increases, primarily due to the timing of spending under the Ontario nursing center envelope system, a seasonal increase in utility costs, and higher administrative costs between quarters.

2013 FINANCIAL REVIEW

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE 2 Year ended December 31 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (millions of dollars unless otherwise noted) 2013 2012 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Revenue U.S. operations (US$) 1,234.6 1,309.0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- U.S. operations (C$) 1,271.5 1,308.5 Canadian operations 752.9 728.9 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total Revenue 2,024.4 2,037.4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Adjusted EBITDA (1) U.S. operations (US$) 81.4 111.1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- U.S. operations (C$) 83.8 111.0 Canadian operations 71.9 72.2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total Adjusted EBITDA 155.7 183.2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Adjusted EBITDA margin 7.7% 9.0% ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Average U.S./Canadian dollar exchange rate 1.0299 0.9996 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (1) Refer to discussion of non-GAAP measures. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------



Consolidated revenue from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2013, declined by $50.4 million, excluding a $37.4 million positive effect of the weaker Canadian dollar. Non same-facility operations contributed $70.0 million to the decline in revenue between periods, largely due to the ceasing of operations in Kentucky. Revenue from same-facility operations grew by $19.6 million, with an improvement from the Canadian operations of $25.1 million partially offset by lower revenue from the U.S. operations primarily due to lower census levels.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations declined by $30.0 million, excluding a $2.5 million positive effect of the weaker Canadian dollar, and was 7.7% and 9.0% of revenue, respectively. Non same-facility operations contributed $5.3 million to the decline between periods. Adjusted EBITDA from same-facility operations decreased by $24.7 million, as a result of a $26.1 million decline from the U.S. operations, partially offset by a $1.4 million improvement from the Canadian operations, as discussed below.

Adjusted EBITDA from U.S. operations declined by US$29.7 million to US$81.4 million in 2013 from US$111.1 million in 2012, representing 6.6% and 8.5% of revenue, respectively. Adjusted EBITDA from non same-facility operations declined by US$3.7 million between years (US$13.1 million in 2013 compared to US$16.8 million in 2012). Adjusted EBITDA from same-facility operations declined by US$26.0 million as a result of lower revenue of US$5.4 million and higher costs of US$20.6 million. The decline in revenue was due to lower census of US$29.5 million, a decrease in prior period revenue settlement adjustments of US$3.0 million, one less day this year of US$2.8 million, and other items of US$6.0 million, partially offset by higher average funding rates of US$35.9 million. Costs from same-facility operations increased by US$20.6 million, primarily due to an increase in the provision for self-insured liabilities of US$18.4 million, a premium refund of US$3.5 million received in the 2012 first quarter, and other net cost increases of US$1.8 million, partially offset by a refund of prior period charges of US$2.0 million, and lower labour-related costs of US$1.1 million, which included favourable workers' compensation adjustments of US$2.7 million.

Adjusted EBITDA from Canadian operations was $71.9 million in 2013 compared to $72.2 million in 2012, representing 9.6% and 9.9% of revenue, respectively. Non same-facility operations contributed Adjusted EBITDA of $2.7 million this period compared to $4.4 million in 2012, for a net decline of $1.7 million between years, of which $0.9 million was from the discontinuance of home health care in Alberta and the balance related to the new centers in northern Ontario. Improvements from same-facility operations of $1.4 million resulted from higher revenue of $25.1 million, partially offset by higher costs of $23.7 million. Revenue improvements resulted from enhanced funding and a 5.2% increase in Ontario home health care volumes, while cost increases included higher labour-related costs of $18.6 million.

ADJUSTED FUNDS FROM OPERATIONS (AFFO)

AFFO was $10.4 million ($0.119 per basic share) in the 2013 fourth quarter compared to $26.8 million ($0.312 per basic share) in the 2012 fourth quarter, representing a decrease of $16.8 million, excluding a $0.4 million positive effect of a weaker Canadian dollar. This decline was primarily due to a decrease in Adjusted EBITDA of $21.8 million, partially offset by the timing of facility maintenance capital expenditures, which were lower by $3.0 million, reduced net interest costs and lower current income taxes. Net interest costs were lower by $1.0 million as a result of our debt refinancing. Current income taxes for the 2013 fourth quarter were a recovery of $3.3 million compared to a recovery of $2.4 million in the 2012 fourth quarter. The 2013 and 2012 fourth quarters were favourably impacted by book-to-file tax adjustments of approximately $3.6 million and $4.0 million, respectively, primarily related to our U.S. operations. Excluding these book-to-file adjustments, current income taxes represented 2.3% and 5.2% of pre-tax funds from operations (FFO), respectively.

In comparison to AFFO in the 2013 third quarter of $20.4 million ($0.235 per basic share), AFFO this quarter decreased by $10.2 million, excluding a $0.2 million positive effect of a weaker Canadian dollar. This decline was primarily due to a decrease in Adjusted EBITDA of $11.2 million and increased facility maintenance capital spending of $6.7 million, partially offset by lower current income taxes due to the favourable book-to-file adjustments in the 2013 fourth quarter.

For the year ended December 31, 2013, AFFO was $71.1 million ($0.820 per basic share), compared to $84.6 million ($0.994 per basic share) in 2012, representing a decrease of $14.5 million, excluding a $1.0 million positive effect of a weaker Canadian dollar. This decline was primarily due to a $30.0 million decrease in Adjusted EBITDA, partially offset by the timing of facility maintenance capital expenditures, which were lower by $8.1 million, lower net interest costs of $4.5 million due to our debt refinancing, and lower current income taxes. Current income taxes were $4.7 million in 2013 compared to $7.0 million in 2012, representing 6.6% and 7.3% of pre-tax FFO, respectively. Both years were favourably impacted by book-to-file tax adjustments of approximately $4.0 million in 2013 and $5.2 million in 2012. In addition, the 2012 first quarter results included a non-taxable premium refund of $3.5 million. Excluding these items, current income taxes represented 12.3% of pre-tax FFO in 2013 compared to 10.8% in 2012.

The effective tax rates on our FFO can be impacted by: adjustments to our estimates of annual deferred timing differences, particularly when dealing with cash-based tax items versus accounting accruals; changes in the proportion of earnings between taxable and non-taxable entities; book-to-file adjustments for prior year filings; and the ability to utilize loss carryforwards. The restructuring of our Canadian legal entities, along with the elimination of the income trust structure in July 2012, enhanced our ability to utilize available non-capital loss carryforwards, which reduced our Canadian current income taxes in the last half of 2012 and during 2013. Our Canadian non-capital loss carryforwards were substantially utilized by the end of 2013. As a result, we anticipate that our annual effective tax rate on FFO will increase in 2014 to between 23% and 26%.

Facility maintenance capital expenditures were $12.2 million in the 2013 fourth quarter, compared to $14.9 million in the 2012 fourth quarter and $5.5 million in the 2013 third quarter, representing 2.4%, 3.0% and 1.1% of revenue, respectively. Facility maintenance capital expenditures totalled $28.2 million in 2013 compared to $35.7 million in 2012, representing 1.4% and 1.8% of revenue, respectively. These costs fluctuate on a quarterly basis with the timing of projects and seasonality. It is our intention to spend between 1.5% and 2.0% of revenue annually, which is consistent with our objective to maintain and upgrade our centers. In 2014, we are expecting to spend in the range of $38 million to $43 million in facility maintenance capital expenditures and $15 million to $20 million in growth capital expenditures.

Distributions declared in 2013 totalled $52.0 million, or $0.60 per share, representing approximately 73% of AFFO of $71.1 million, or $0.820 per basic share, compared to approximately 85% in 2012. Since May 2013, the Company has been paying a monthly dividend of $0.04 per share, or $0.48 per share per annum.

U.S. OPERATIONS KEY METRICS

Skilled Nursing Facility Revenue Rates

The CMS Medicare net market basket increases for October 1, 2012 and 2013, were 1.8% and 1.3%, respectively. However, our Medicare Part A and Managed Care rates were adversely impacted by the sequestration funding reduction of 2.0% effective April 1, 2013, and our Medicare Part A funding has been impacted by a reduction in co-insurance reimbursement for bad debts, which declined from 100% to 88% on January 1, 2013, and to 76% on January 1, 2014. For the 2013 fourth quarter, our average daily Medicare Part A rate, excluding prior period settlement adjustments, was US$468.78, representing a decrease of 0.3% from US$470.21 in the 2012 fourth quarter, primarily due to the impact of sequestration partially offset by the market basket increase. In comparison to our average daily Medicare Part A rate of US$471.20 in the 2013 third quarter, our rate this quarter declined by 0.5%, primarily due to the reduction in reimbursement for bad debts and a change in acuity mix, partially offset by the net market basket increase. For 2013 compared to 2012, our average daily Medicare Part A rate increased by 1.9% to US$470.21, primarily due to changes in acuity mix, with the impact of the market basket increases being substantially offset by sequestration and reductions in reimbursement for bad debts.

For the 2013 fourth quarter, our average daily Managed Care rate, excluding prior period settlement adjustments, was US$445.03, representing an increase of 1.3% from US$439.41 in the 2012 fourth quarter and a 0.8% decline from US$448.82 in the 2013 third quarter, primarily due to changes in acuity mix. For 2013, our average daily Managed Care rate increased by 2.5% to US$443.27.

Our average daily Medicaid rate, excluding prior period settlement adjustments, increased this quarter by 3.5% to US$200.80 from US$194.03 in the 2012 fourth quarter, and by 0.5% from US$199.76 in the 2013 third quarter. For 2013 compared to 2012, our average daily Medicaid rate increased by 5.4% to US$199.07. However, revenue from Medicaid rate increases was partially offset by higher state provider taxes, resulting in a net increase of 5.0% this year over 2012. In addition, during the 2012 fourth quarter, we became eligible to receive Upper Payment Limit funding for all of our centers in Indiana. Exclusive of this additional funding, the net increase in Medicaid rates this year over 2012 was 3.2%.

Total and Skilled Census

Our same-facility ADC of 11,192 in the 2013 fourth quarter was 324 below the 2012 fourth quarter level of 11,516 due to lower Medicaid ADC of 255, lower Skilled Mix ADC of 52, and lower private/other ADC of 17. In comparison to the 2013 third quarter, our same-facility ADC improved by 28 due to higher Skilled Mix ADC of 23 and higher private/other ADC of 22, partially offset by lower Medicaid ADC of 17. For 2013, our same-facility skilled nursing center ADC declined by 2.7%, or 317 ADC to 11,288 from 11,605 in 2012 due to lower Skilled Mix ADC of 72 and lower Medicaid ADC of 248, partially offset by higher private/other ADC of three. Our average same-facility occupancy was 83.4% this quarter compared to 85.1% in the 2012 fourth quarter, and 82.8% in the 2013 third quarter. For 2013, our average occupancy from same-facility skilled nursing center operations was 83.8% compared to 85.5% in 2012.

Our same-facility Skilled Mix ADC of 21.7% of our residents in the 2013 fourth quarter improved over 21.6% in each of the 2012 fourth and 2013 third quarters.

CONFERENCE CALL AND WEBCAST

On February 27, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (ET), we will hold a conference call to discuss our 2013 fourth quarter and year-end results. The call will be webcast live and archived in the investors/presentations & webcasts section of our website at www.extendicare.com. Alternatively, the call-in number is 1-866-696-5910 or 416-340-2217, conference ID number 7894126#. A replay of the call will be available until midnight on March 14, 2014. To access the rebroadcast, dial 1-800-408-3053 or 905-694-9451, followed by the passcode 1390940#. Slides accompanying remarks during the call will be posted to our website as part of the live webcast. Also, a supplemental information package containing historical quarterly financial results and operating statistics can be found on the website under the investors/financial reports section.

ABOUT US

Extendicare is a leading North American provider of post-acute and long-term senior care services. Through our network of owned and operated health care centers, our qualified and experienced workforce of 35,300 individuals is dedicated to helping people live better through a commitment to quality service that includes skilled nursing care, rehabilitative therapies and home health care services. Our 249 senior care centers in North America have capacity to care for approximately 27,700 residents.

Non-GAAP Measures

Extendicare assesses and measures operating results and financial position based on performance measures referred to as "Adjusted EBITDA", "earnings (loss) from continuing operations before separately reported items", "Funds from Operations", and "Adjusted Funds from Operations". These are not measures recognized under GAAP and do not have standardized meanings prescribed by GAAP. These non-GAAP measures are presented in this document because either: (i) management believes that they are a relevant measure of the ability of Extendicare to make cash distributions; or (ii) certain ongoing rights and obligations of Extendicare may be calculated using these measures. Such non-GAAP measures may differ from similar computations as reported by other issuers and, accordingly, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures as reported by such issuers. They are not intended to replace earnings (loss) from continuing operations, net earnings (loss), cash flow, or other measures of financial performance and liquidity reported in accordance with GAAP. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP measures from net earnings and/or from net cash from operations, where applicable, are provided in this press release on the face of the Consolidated Statements of Earnings and on the Supplemental Information page. Detailed descriptions of these terms can be found in the disclosure documents filed by Extendicare with the securities regulatory authorities, available at www.sedar.com and on Extendicare's website at www.extendicare.com.

Forward-looking Statements

Information provided by Extendicare from time to time, including this release, contains or may contain forward-looking statements concerning anticipated financial events, results, circumstances, economic performance or expectations with respect to Extendicare and its subsidiaries, including, without limitation, statements regarding its business operations, business strategy, and financial condition. Forward-looking statements can be identified because they generally contain the words "expect", "intend", "anticipate", "believe", "estimate", "project", "plan" or "objective" or other similar expressions or the negative thereof. Forward-looking statements reflect management's beliefs and assumptions and are based on information currently available, and Extendicare assumes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, except as required by applicable securities laws. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, performance or achievements of Extendicare to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on Extendicare's forward-looking statements. Further information can be found in the disclosure documents filed by Extendicare with the securities regulatory authorities, available at www.sedar.com and on Extendicare's website at www.extendicare.com.

Visit Extendicare's Website at www.extendicare.com

Extendicare Inc. Consolidated Statements of Earnings ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Three months ended Twelve months ended (in thousands of Canadian dollars) December 31 December 31 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2013 2012 2013 2012 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Revenue Nursing and assisted living centers United States 307,922 296,208 1,216,569 1,259,858 Canada 149,677 140,681 568,870 550,302 Home health - Canada 44,717 43,692 174,087 170,343 Health technology services - United States 5,494 7,041 22,348 25,453 Outpatient therapy - United States 3,290 2,775 13,360 13,229 Rent, management, consulting and other services 8,274 6,637 29,231 18,228 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total revenue 519,374 497,034 2,024,465 2,037,413 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operating expenses 468,855 426,921 1,793,368 1,780,019 Administrative costs 15,443 14,465 64,258 63,155 Lease costs 2,923 2,710 11,096 10,986 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total expenses 487,221 444,096 1,868,722 1,854,160 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Adjusted EBITDA(1) 32,153 52,938 155,743 183,253 Depreciation and amortization 19,949 18,990 77,929 76,805 Loss (gain) from asset impairment, disposals and other items 8,335 (367) 9,641 7,930 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earnings before net finance costs and income taxes 3,869 34,315 68,173 98,518 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Finance costs Interest expense 15,954 16,538 63,416 65,306 Interest income (1,369) (1,221) (4,638) (3,565) Accretion costs 863 695 3,380 2,302 Fair value adjustments (103) 2,313 (3,099) (4,823) Loss on foreign exchange and financial instruments 1 - 519 1,103 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net finance costs 15,346 18,325 59,578 60,323 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earnings (loss) before income taxes (11,477) 15,990 8,595 38,195 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Income tax expense (recovery) Current (3,330) (2,400) 4,547 5,178 Deferred (349) 3,836 (1,204) 5,394 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (3,679) 1,436 3,343 10,572 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earnings (loss) from continuing operations (7,798) 14,554 5,252 27,623 Discontinued operations - 72 - 35,033 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net earnings (loss) (7,798) 14,626 5,252 62,656 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earnings (loss) from continuing operations (7,798) 14,554 5,252 27,623 Add (deduct): Fair value adjustment on convertible debentures, net of tax (103) 2,313 (3,099) (4,823) Loss on foreign exchange and financial instruments, net of tax 1 - 519 1,103 Loss (gain) from asset impairment, disposals and other items, net of tax 6,007 (367) 7,662 5,629 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earnings (loss) from continuing operations before separately reported items (1,893) 16,500 10,334 29,532 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (1)Refer to discussion of non-GAAP measures. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Extendicare Inc. Consolidated Statements of Financial Position ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (in thousands of Canadian dollars, unless otherwise December 31December 31 noted) 2013 2012 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Assets Current assets Cash and short-term investments 95,999 71,398 Restricted cash 18,668 28,680 Accounts receivable, less allowance 210,795 209,518 Income taxes recoverable 9,395 4,149 Other current assets 61,893 31,408 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total current assets 396,750 345,153 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Non-current assets Property and equipment, including construction-in- progress of $6,514 and $62,688, respectively 1,152,007 1,181,596 Goodwill and other intangible assets 79,229 82,793 Other assets 213,571 176,457 Deferred tax assets 7,531 21,917 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total non-current assets 1,452,338 1,462,763 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total Assets 1,849,088 1,807,916 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Liabilities and Equity Current liabilities Accounts payable 31,030 35,508 Accrued liabilities 214,715 202,913 Accrual for self-insured liabilities 28,052 21,888 Current portion of long-term debt 148,051 93,448 Income taxes payable 10,430 9,377 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total current liabilities 432,278 363,134 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Non-current liabilities Provisions 28,801 26,851 Accrual for self-insured liabilities 87,257 74,042 Long-term debt 1,016,785 1,038,787 Other long-term liabilities 46,147 48,025 Deferred tax liabilities 199,954 202,417 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total non-current liabilities 1,378,944 1,390,122 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total liabilities 1,811,222 1,753,256 Shareholders' equity 37,866 54,660 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total Liabilities and Equity 1,849,088 1,807,916 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Closing U.S./Cdn. dollar exchange rate 1.0636 0.9949 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Extendicare Inc. Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Three months ended Twelve months ended (in thousands of Canadian dollars) December 31 December 31 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2013 2012 2013 2012 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operating Activities Net earnings (loss) (7,798) 14,626 5,252 62,656 Adjustments for: Depreciation and amortization 19,949 18,991 77,929 76,805 Provision for self-insured liabilities 21,130 5,960 54,482 40,807 Payments for self-insured liabilities (5,607) (6,770) (42,720) (23,933) Deferred taxes (349) 3,660 (1,204) 5,263 Current taxes (3,330) (2,296) 4,547 26,729 Loss (gain) from asset impairment, disposals and other items 8,335 (367) 9,641 7,930 Gain from asset disposals from discontinued operations - - - (56,453) Net finance costs 15,346 18,325 59,578 60,323 Interest capitalized (59) (526) (1,232) (873) Other (2) (610) (335) (406) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 47,615 50,993 165,938 198,848 Net change in operating assets and liabilities Accounts receivable (21,932) 3,665 6,246 21,111 Other current assets 2,905 379 4,541 759 Accounts payable and accrued liabilities 8,465 3,451 (15,882) (31,701) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37,053 58,488 160,843 189,017 Interest paid (14,831) (16,999) (59,585) (60,276) Interest received 1,387 1,209 4,657 3,509 Income taxes paid 815 (1,374) (7,999) (23,463) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net cash from operating activities 24,424 41,324 97,916 108,787 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Investing Activities Purchase of property, equipment and software (12,793) (33,723) (55,753) (84,103) Net proceeds from dispositions 2,507 - 3,671 56,323 Other assets 1,787 446 1,646 (5,363) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net cash from investing activities (8,499) (33,277) (50,436) (33,143) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Financing Activities Issue of long-term debt, excluding line of credit 8,229 36,812 95,703 329,720 Repayment of long-term debt, excluding line of credit (11,697) (114,749) (84,101) (254,468) Issue on line of credit - 4,839 - 63,964 Repayment on line of credit (1,061) (3,014) (6,179) (108,846) Decrease (increase) in restricted cash (7,064) (4,584) 9,799 (11,832) Decrease (increase) in investments held for self-insured liabilities (4,599) (12,279) 6,908 (31,603) Dividends/distributions paid (8,881) (14,425) (45,534) (56,980) Financing costs (116) (1,204) (2,065) (13,101) Other (35) 2 5 (4) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net cash from financing activities (25,224) (108,602) (25,464) (83,150) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (9,299) (100,555) 22,016 (7,506) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 104,132 171,439 71,398 80,018 Foreign exchange gain (loss) on cash held in foreign currency 1,166 514 2,585 (1,114) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period 95,999 71,398 95,999 71,398 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Extendicare Inc. Financial and Operating Statistics --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Three months Twelve months (amounts in Canadian dollars, unless ended ended otherwise noted) December 31 December 31 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2013 2012 2013 2012 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- U.S. Skilled Nursing Center Statistics Percent of Revenue by Payor Source (same-facility basis, excluding prior period settlement adjustments) Medicare (Parts A and B) 28.6% 29.9% 29.9% 31.3% Managed Care 10.9 10.3 10.8 10.5 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Skilled mix 39.5 40.2 40.7 41.8 Private/other 10.0 9.6 9.5 9.2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Quality mix 49.5 49.8 50.2 51.0 Medicaid 50.5 50.2 49.8 49.0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Average Daily Census by Payor Source (same-facility basis) Medicare 1,696 1,778 1,785 1,867 Managed Care 735 705 743 733 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Skilled mix 2,431 2,483 2,528 2,600 Private/other 1,218 1,235 1,189 1,186 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Quality mix 3,649 3,718 3,717 3,786 Medicaid 7,543 7,798 7,571 7,819 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11,192 11,516 11,288 11,605 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Average Revenue per Resident Day by Payor Source (excluding prior period settlement adjustments) (US$) Medicare Part A only $468.78$470.21$470.21$461.45 Medicare (Parts A and B) 508.95 510.68 511.84 508.92 Managed Care 445.03 439.41 443.27 432.38 Private/other 247.79 235.69 244.60 235.39 Medicaid 200.80 194.03 199.07 188.87 Weighted average 267.51 261.78 268.44 258.66 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Average Occupancy (excluding managed centers) (same-facility basis) U.S. skilled nursing centers 83.4% 85.1% 83.8% 85.5% U.S. assisted living centers 76.3 76.1 78.1 69.9 Canadian centers 98.2 98.7 97.8 97.9 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Purchase of Property, Equipment and Software (thousands) Growth expenditures $ 598$19,332$28,747$49,253 Facility maintenance 12,254 14,917 28,238 35,723 Deduct: capitalized interest (59) (526) (1,232) (873) --------------------------------------------------------------------------- $12,793$33,723$55,753$84,103 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Segmented Adjusted Funds from Operations(thousands) United States (US$) $ 2,689$20,764$32,787$51,400 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- United States (C$) 2,961 20,674 33,767 51,382 Canada 7,450 6,088 37,347 33,187 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- $10,411$26,762$71,114$84,569 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Average U.S./Cdn. dollar exchange rate 1.0489 0.9916 1.0299 0.9996 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------



Extendicare Inc.

Supplemental Information - FFO and AFFO

The following table provides a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Funds from Operations (FFO) and Adjusted Funds from Operations (AFFO) for the periods ended December 31, 2013 and 2012.(1)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (in thousands of Canadian dollars Three months ended Twelve months ended unless otherwise noted) December 31 December 31 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2013 2012 2013 2012 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations 32,153 52,938 155,743 183,253 Depreciation for furniture, fixtures, equipment and computers (5,407) (5,748) (22,018) (23,580) Accretion costs (863) (695) (3,380) (2,302) Interest expense, net (14,585) (15,317) (58,778) (61,741) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11,298 31,178 71,567 95,630 Current income tax expense (recovery) (2) 3,307 2,400 (4,741) (6,948) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- FFO (continuing operations) 14,605 33,578 66,826 88,682 Amortization of financing costs 1,713 1,666 7,119 5,274 Principal portion of government capital funding payments 940 687 3,389 2,756 Additional maintenance capital expenditures (3) (6,847) (9,169) (6,220) (12,143) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- AFFO (continuing operations) 10,411 26,762 71,114 84,569 AFFO (discontinued operations) - - - - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- AFFO 10,411 26,762 71,114 84,569 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Per Basic Share/Unit ($) FFO (continuing operations) 0.167 0.393 0.770 1.043 AFFO (continuing operations) 0.119 0.312 0.820 0.994 AFFO 0.119 0.312 0.820 0.994 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Per Diluted Share/Unit ($) FFO (continuing operations) 0.168 0.362 0.756 0.988 AFFO (continuing operations) 0.124 0.292 0.784 0.945 AFFO 0.124 0.292 0.784 0.945 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Distributions declared 10,462 18,021 52,023 71,497 Distributions declared per share/unit ($) 0.1200 0.2100 0.6000 0.8400 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Basic weighted average number of shares/units (thousands) 87,140 85,736 86,738 85,039 Diluted weighted average number of shares/units (thousands) 104,109 105,254 103,708 100,420 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (1) "Adjusted EBITDA", "funds from operations" and "adjusted funds from operations" are not recognized measures under GAAP and do not have a standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP. Refer to the discussion of non- GAAP measures. (2) Excludes current tax with respect to the loss (gain) from derivative financial instruments, foreign exchange, asset impairment, disposals and other items that are excluded from the computation of AFFO. (3) Represents total facility maintenance capital expenditures less depreciation for furniture, fixtures, equipment and computers already deducted in determining FFO. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Reconciliation of Cash Provided by Three months ended Twelve months ended Operating Activities to AFFO December 31 December 31 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (in thousands of Canadian dollars) 2013 2012 2013 2012 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net cash from operating activities 24,424 41,324 97,916 108,787 Add (Deduct): Net change in operating assets and liabilities, including interest and taxes 12,845 (1,856) 9,668 5,436 Current tax on fair value adjustments, gain/loss on foreign exchange, financial instruments, asset impairment, disposals and other items (23) 104 (194) 19,781 Net provisions and payments for self-insured liabilities (15,523) 810 (11,762) (16,874) Depreciation for furniture, fixtures, equipment and computers (5,407) (5,748) (22,018) (23,580) Principal portion of government capital funding payments 940 687 3,389 2,756 Other 2 610 335 406 Additional maintenance capital expenditures (6,847) (9,169) (6,220) (12,143) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- AFFO 10,411 26,762 71,114 84,569 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT: Extendicare Inc.Dylan Mann Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (414) 908-8623 (905) 470-4003 (FAX) dmann@extendicare.comwww.extendicare.com Source: Extendicare Inc.


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