By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Energy Weekly News -- Current study results on Phase Change Materials have been published. According to news reporting originating in Seoul, South Korea, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "Phase change materials (PCMs) have been considered as an innovative technology that can reduce the peak loads and heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) energy consumption in buildings. Basically they are substances capable of storing or releasing thermal energy as latent heat."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from Ewha Woman's University, "Because the amount of latent heat absorbed or released is much larger than the sensible heat, the application of PCMs in buildings has significant potential to reduce energy consumption. However, because each PCM has its own phase change temperature, which is the temperature at which latent heat is absorbed or released, it is important to use an appropriate PCM for the purpose of building envelope design. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate the energy saving potentials in buildings when various PCMs with different phase change temperatures are applied to a lightweight building envelope by analyzing the thermal load characteristics. As results, the annual heating load increased at every phase change temperature, but the peak heating load decreased by 3.19% with heptadecane (phase change temperature 21 degrees C), and the lowest indoor temperature increased by 0.86 degrees C with heptadecane (phase change temperature 21 degrees C). The annual cooling load decreased by 1.05% with dodecanol (phase change temperature 24 degrees C), the peak cooling load decreased by 1.30% with octadecane (phase change temperature 29 degrees C), and the highest indoor temperature dropped by 0.50 degrees C with octadecane (phase change temperature 29 degrees C)."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "When the night ventilation was applied to the building HVAC system for better passive cooling performance, the annual cooling load decreased by 9.28% with dodecanol (phase change temperature 24 degrees C), the peak load."
For more information on this research see: Energy Saving Potentials of Phase Change Materials Applied to Lightweight Building Envelopes. Energies, 2013;6(10):5219-5230. Energies can be contacted at: Mdpi Ag, Postfach, Ch-4005 Basel, Switzerland.
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting Y.B. Seong, Ewha Woman's University, Dept. of Architectural Engn, Seoul 120750, South Korea.
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Seoul, South Korea, Nanotechnology, Emerging Technologies
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