No assignee for this patent application has been made.
News editors obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "The present invention relates to a communicating radio frequency modem for intrusion detection and tracking. In the prior art, it is separately known to provide means for sensing intrusion detection and means for tracking people or objects. However, Applicant is unaware of any system designed as a portable system allowing sensing of intrusions and tracking of objects using a variety of communications means.
"The following prior art is known to Applicant:
"U.S. Published Application No. US 2003/0104800 A1 to Zak discloses a telephone including a cell phone which includes emergency condition sensors such as motion, intrusion, smoke or fire sensors. In the event of a detected emergency, the system is programmed to dial the last number called, or a preset number and can also sound an audible alarm in the cellular phone. The present invention distinguishes from Zak since the present invention is not a phone and has less delay than phone call. In fact, the present invention is a cellular modem that transmits data, not phone conversations, and is not used to monitor homes, buildings, etc. It is intended to be used primarily to apprehend individuals transporting illegal drugs or other contraband. Law enforcement agencies work with freight companies to plant equipment in shipments to catch offenders in the act. The present invention can be employed by such law enforcement agencies to facilitate interception of shipments and to wire containers with aspects of the present invention which are then delivered to an addressee. When the addressee opens the shipment, this is proof of their intention to receive it and helps to facilitate criminal prosecution.
"U.S. Pat. No. 7,151,460 to Makela et al. disclose a portable device such as a cell phone which includes a smoke detection device in the form of a light emitter and light detector and can also serve as a proximity detector. When the detection aspect of the device is tripped, an alarm signal is produced. The present invention differs from the teachings of Makela et al. since the present invention does not monitor a smoke detector. By contrast, the present invention has a light detector that is merely used to detect when someone opens a closed container. No light emitter is employed.
"U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,646,297 and 8,089,355 both to Aaron both arose from a common application Ser. No. 11/611,434. These patents disclose portable devices such as cell phones having automatic self-configuration to adjust to the user's environmental circumstances. The present invention differs from the teachings of the Aaron patents because the inventive device does not monitor the user's environment nor does it automatically or self-configure. The present invention also does not use mode templates.
"U.S. Published Application No. US 2011/0121965 A1 to Betts et al. discloses a personal electronic device having sensory systems that detect environmental events and provide a notification alert or corrective action in response. The present invention differs from the teachings of Betts et al. because the present invention does not monitor environmental events.
"U.S. Published Application No. US 2011/0092248 to Evanitsky discloses a portable security system built into cell phones that includes the ability to capture images. The present invention differs from the teachings of Evanitsky since the present invention does not take pictures or capture video.
"U.S. Published Application No. US 2011/0199304 to Walley et al. discloses systems and methods for providing enhanced motion detection. This device uses a camera as well. The present invention differs from the teachings of Walley et al. since the present invention does not employ a camera and the inventive motion sensor is only employed to determine whether a package or other object to which the present invention is affixed is moving or still. There is no enhanced motion detection incorporated into the teachings of the present invention.
"U.S. Published Application No. US 2011/0210846 to Causey et al. discloses a mobile security system having a detector that may communicate with a mobile device if an event has occurred. Events may include fire or motion. The present invention differs from the teachings of Causey et al. since the present invention is not a security system nor does it have the ability to monitor events such as fires. This published application later matured into U.S. Pat. No. 7,952,476.
"U.S. Pat. No. 7,531,007 to Sharma discloses a security apparatus using a telecommunication device which senses an undesired activity around or in association with the telecommunication device and causes the telephone microprocessor to send a predefined security message to alert concerning the undesired activity. The present invention differs from the teachings of Sharma since the present invention is not monitoring around a telecommunication device but, rather, is utilized in conjunction with sensors to detect intrusion or motion."
As a supplement to the background information on this patent application, VerticalNews correspondents also obtained the inventor's summary information for this patent application: "The present invention relates to a communicating radio frequency modem for intrusion detection and tracking. The present invention includes the following interrelated objects, aspects and features:
"(1) In a first aspect, the present invention consists of a cellular modem including communication means provided with the ability to wirelessly give notice to a remote receiver, via signals, of changes in modes. The inventive modem will change modes as a result of a triggering condition sensed by sensing means such as the breaking of a trip wire or the closing of contacts that are normally open or the opening of contacts that are normally closed or sensing motion or light, or sensing variations in resistance. One contact is provided to wake the unit from 'sleep' and the other is provided to detect intrusion, motion, etc. Light detectors can detect light, such as when a closed container is opened. Closed contacts can be used in parallel to change any mode or open/closed contacts in parallel/series. Triggering conditions are revealed to the modem via signals that are unique for each type of triggering condition.
"(2) Other sensing means can include variable resistance devices, variable voltage devices or combinations of trip wires/contacts/light detection/motion detection/variable resistance/variable voltage devices may be employed to wake the unit so that it changes to a tracking mode or to detect intrusion so that it changes to an alarm mode.
"(3) A change in mode may also include motion detection to notify if the unit is still or moving regardless of whether the unit is tracking or sensing intrusion. Initiation of motion can start the tracking mode from the sleep mode and can be considered by the device to be a change of mode.
"(4) In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, there are six main modes: (a) a sleep mode in which little current is expended and battery power is preserved; (b) a tracking mode in which any one of a trip wire, accelerometer or a light detector is employed and signals no present intrusion, which mode operates both when still and when there is motion; © a motion detecting mode that detects whether a package to which the inventive device is affixed is still or moving. When the package is still, subsequent motion can wake the unit to remotely notify of the change of mode as well as the change of mode from moving to still; (d) an alarm mode in which, responsive to actuation of a trip wire and/or light detection when a package is opened, the enunciation changes to denote intrusion, which mode operates both when still and when there is motion.
"(5) When the inventive radio frequency modem is activated, it is able to send location information such as latitude, longitude, and altitude along with the mode information concerning intrusion, light, motion, etc. Cell tower triangulation may be employed to locate the modem and, concurrently, the package in which it has been mounted.
"(6) A back-up transmitter can augment cellular transmission to ensure that if cellular transmission is lost or the package is located in an area where cellular transmission does not exist, transmission can continue. Thus, a radio frequency (RF) transmitter may be provided.
"(7) The inventive modem can also be used to apprehend people breaking into or stealing luggage, equipment, boxes, etc. The present invention informs the user when the object being monitored is being moved or opened.
"As such, it is a first object of the present invention to provide a communicating modem for intrusion detection and tracking.
"It is a further object of the present invention to provide such a device in which a sleep mode is provided or is included that precludes waste of battery power.
"It is a yet further object of the present invention to provide such a modem that includes primary and back-up transmission capabilities to ensure reliability.
"It is a still further object of the present invention to provide such a modem that can facilitate detection of intrusions as well as movements to enable the capture of criminals.
"These and other objects, aspects and features of the present invention will be better understood from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments when read in conjunction with the appended drawing figures.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
"FIG. 1A shows a schematic representation of the communications network that is utilized in connection with the present invention.
"FIG. 1B shows a schematic representation of the tracker back end manner of communications.
"FIG. 2 shows a perspective view of a first example of an application of the present invention.
"FIG. 3 shows a perspective view of a second example of an application of the present invention.
"FIG. 4 shows a side view of a third example of an application of the present invention.
"FIG. 5 shows a flowchart explaining the operation of the present invention."
For additional information on this patent application, see: Schell, Jerry. Communicating Radio Frequency Modem for Intrusion Detection and Tracking. Filed
Keywords for this news article include: Patents, Legal Issues, Telecommunications.
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