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Researchers Submit Patent Application, "Combined Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Apparatus and...

February 27, 2014



Researchers Submit Patent Application, "Combined Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Apparatus and Method", for Approval

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Politics & Government Week -- From Washington, D.C., VerticalNews journalists report that a patent application by the inventor Madanat, Sahar Anis (Zarka, JO), filed on August 2, 2012, was made available online on February 13, 2014.

No assignee for this patent application has been made.

News editors obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "The embodiments herein generally relate to medical kits for performing emergency procedures, and, more particularly, to a combined Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) apparatus and a method for performing an emergency procedure to treat sudden cardiac arrest using the apparatus.

"Many lives are lost due to a Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) every year. In fact, SCA is a leading cause of death in the United States. Such deaths can be prevented if effective emergency rescue procedures such as Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are administered within 3-5 minutes of the onset of the SCA. To perform the emergency rescue procedures in such a short time, a skilled and trained person (e.g., a paramedic) is required. Typically, starting a CPR procedure in the case of a SCA, includes having an attending person, who is attending to the patient, run to a phone and dial an emergency number (e.g., 911). Then, the attending person must start administering the CPR procedure by positioning the patient on their back, tilting the head of the patient back and putting their chin up to keep his/her airway (e.g., a passageway by which air passes from the nose or mouth to the lungs) clear. The attending person should check for breathing or a pulse, and if none found, then the attending person gives two very strong breaths to the patient (mouth-to-mouth). Furthermore, the attending person must locate the position of the heart, and give thirty strong compressions downward (approximately 2 inches in depth) into the patient's chest. The sequences must be repeated until further help (e.g., emergency technician) arrives.

"If an AED is available, the person attending to the victim, will have to also in addition to the above, have to remove all upper garments of the patient apply the electrode pads on the patients bare chest and follow the recorded voice instructions. An AED is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses potentially life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient. The AED is used to treat the patient through defibrillation, the application of electrical therapy which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm. Some AEDs may use an electronic voice to prompt users through each step. Because the user of an AED may be hearing impaired, AEDs may include visual prompts as well. However, a user who is inexperienced in performing the procedure may not be able to keep up with the pre-programmed or stored robotic electronic voice and understand the instructions clearly, particularly under a stressful situation such as administering emergency care to a person undergoing a SCA. For example when CPR is required, the conventional AED units only prompt the user to start CPR without further guidance.

"Too many lives are lost to cardiac arrest every year, because the appropriate medical response was simply not available in time. There is a mere 5% current survival rate of SCAs, and less than 1% of SCA victims survive without permanent brain damage after suffering 4-6 minutes of a SCA. However, the average time for paramedics to arrive at the scene of the SCA is approximately 8 minutes, when chances of survival would have already dropped drastically. Research has indicated a 50-74% survival rate when CPR and AED are performed within 3-5 minutes of the SCA, where there is a mere 5% chance of survival when only CPR is performed; and a 20% chance of survival when only AED is performed. The chances of survival drop 10% every 60 seconds since the onset of SCA.

"Moreover, approximately 84% of SCAs occur at home where there are no trained medical professionals. The risk of coronary heart disease increases with age, therefore the elderly are at highest risk. The elderly may be typically living alone or with only their spouse. Thus typically, when an SCA occurs, a family member or spouse may be the only one available in proximity of the patient. Current solutions require the family member, in the case of a SCA to a loved one at home, to run and call an emergency number, and then run to get a home defibrillator (if available), and then back to the patient. Then, they require the family member to take the victim's upper garments completely off before even starting the procedures to save the patient.

"Furthermore, when CPR to the victim is needed, a conventional emergency machine may only prompt a user to start CPR, thus assuming that the user will remember all the steps, and have the stamina to give strong breaths and chest compressions as well as setting up the AED machine flawlessly. Finally, all this would have to be done within the first 5 minutes of the SCA. Therefore, the conventional solutions are not generally designed for an average person to use, let alone the elderly. Rather, the conventional solutions are typically designed for fast acting, young and recently CPR trained individuals. Furthermore, the conventional solutions generally only cater to either CPR or AED individually. Accordingly, there is a need for a combined CPR and AED apparatus that can be easily used in case of emergency by non-medical professionals within the first 3-5 minutes of the SCA."

As a supplement to the background information on this patent application, VerticalNews correspondents also obtained the inventor's summary information for this patent application: "In view of the foregoing, an embodiment herein provides a combined cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) system for performing an emergency procedure comprising CPR and AED shock on a patient. The system includes a spinal support rest having a cushion that accommodates a neck portion of the patient, a compression pad operatively connected to the spinal support rest. The compression pad is adapted to be placed over the patient such that the compression pad is aligned above the heart and chest of the patient. The system includes a first arm strap and a second arm strap operatively connected to the compression pad, a power button that automatically dials an emergency number to contact a medical professional, and an interactive communication unit operatively connected to the compression pad. The interactive communication unit includes a display. The interactive communication unit activates a two way real time video conference with the medical professional on the display to receive a set of instructions from the medical professional in real time to enable a user to perform the emergency procedure on the patient.

"The compression pad includes a first arm strap holder and a second arm strap holder. The first arm strap holder locks the first arm strap, and the second arm holder locks the second arm strap such that a first arm and a second arm of the patient are strapped adjacent to the patient. The system may further include a pair of electrode pads that are operatively connected to the compression pad, a heartbeat sensor that determines a heart rate of the patient. The heart rate is used to determine when a shock is to be administered to the patient. The first arm strap may include a first under arm pad. The second arm strap may include a second under arm pad. The first under arm pad accommodates a first under arm of the patient. The second under arm pad accommodates a second under arm of the patient. The pair of electrode pads are stuck by the user to a portion of clothing of the patient.

"In another aspect, a cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) apparatus for performing an emergency procedure comprising CPR and AED shock on a patient is provided. The CPR and AED apparatus includes a spinal support having a cushion adapted to be placed under a neck of the patient, a compression pad that is operatively connected to the spinal support. The compression pad is adapted to be placed over the patient such that the compression pad is aligned above the heart and chest of the patient. A first arm strap and a second arm strap are operatively connected to the compression pad. The first arm strap includes a first under arm pad. The second arm strap includes a second under arm pad. The first under arm pad is adapted to accommodate a first under arm of the patient. The second under arm pad is adapted to accommodate a second under arm of the patient. A first arm strap holder and a second arm strap holder that respectively locks the first arm strap and the second arm strap such that a first arm and a second arm of the patient are strapped adjacent to the patient. A pair of sticky back electrode pads that may be operatively connected to the compression pad. The sticky back electrode pads are adapted to be adhered on clothing of the patient.

"The apparatus may further include a power button that automatically dials an emergency number to contact a medical professional when the power button is turned on, an interactive communication unit that is operatively connected to the compression pad. The interactive communication unit includes a display. The interactive communication unit activates a two way real time video conference on the display with the medical professional. The interactive communication unit receives a set of instructions from the medical professional in real time to enable a user to perform the emergency procedure on the patient. The apparatus may further include a heartbeat sensor that is adapted to determine a pulse of the first under arm and the second under arm of the patient.

"The compression pad is a semi-soft compression pad having a pair of sticky back electrode pad holders that are adapted to accommodate the pair of sticky back electrode pads. The compression pad exerts the user's force downwards and through an internal base and spreads the force along a sternum of the patient. The spinal support includes a neck curve spinal support that provides spinal support to the neck of the patient. The neck curve spinal support is a non-slip material.

"The interactive communication unit enables the user to transfer data of the patient to the medical professional. The interactive communication unit includes a display, a high definition (HD) camera proximate to the display, a microphone proximate to the display, a plurality of speakers proximate to the display, and an emergency stop button that is adapted to terminate the emergency procedure and maintain the two way real time video conference.

"In yet another aspect, a method of performing an emergency procedure comprising CPR and AED shock on a patient using a combined CPR and AED apparatus is provided. The method includes providing support to a neck portion of the patient using a spinal support rest, placing a compression pad over the patient, strapping a first arm and a second arm of the patient using a first arm strap and a second arm strap, respectively, configuring an interactive communication unit having a display, activating and displaying a two way real time video conference on the display, and performing the emergency procedure based on a set of instructions received from a medical professional and video tutorials displayed on the display. The interactive communication unit is adapted to receive the set of instructions from the medical professional in real time to enable a user to perform the emergency procedure on the patient when the CPR and AED apparatus is powered on.

"The method may further include automatically dialing an emergency number to connect with the medical professional when the CPR and AED apparatus is turned on. A heart rate of the patient may be determined using a heartbeat sensor that is operatively connected to the compression pad. The first arm and the second arm of the patient may be strapped adjacent to the patient. A pulse of the first under arm and the second under arm of the patient using the heartbeat sensors may be determined to perform the emergency procedure over clothing of the patient.

"The first arm and the second arm are secured away from the user when a shock is to be administered to the patient based on the pulse of the first under arm and the second under arm of the patient. A force may be exerted downwards onto the compression pad by the user and through an internal base and spreading the force along a sternum of the patient using the compression pad.

"These and other aspects of the embodiments herein will be better appreciated and understood when considered in conjunction with the following description and the accompanying drawings. It should be understood, however, that the following descriptions, while indicating preferred embodiments and numerous specific details thereof, are given by way of illustration and not of limitation. Many changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the embodiments herein without departing from the spirit thereof, and the embodiments herein include all such modifications.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

"The embodiments herein will be better understood from the following detailed description with reference to the drawings, in which:

"FIG. 1A illustrates a perspective view of a Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) kit for performing an emergency procedure on a patient during the onset of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 1B is a perspective view illustrating a compact configuration of the CPR and AED kit of FIG. 1A according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 2A illustrates a front view of the CPR and AED kit of FIG. 1A according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 2B illustrates a front view of the CPR and AED kit of FIG. 1A illustrating a layout of wires connected between the compression pad and the pair of electrode pads of FIG. 1A according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 3 is an exemplary view illustrating a method of using the CPR and AED kit of FIG. 1A to perform the emergency procedure on a patient according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 4 illustrates the interactive communication unit of the CPR and AED kit of FIG. 1A according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 5A illustrates a side view of the protruding compression pad of the CPR and AED kit of FIG. 1A according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 5B illustrates a top view of the compression pad of the CPR and AED kit of FIG. 1A according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 6A illustrates a rear view of the head rest unit of the CPR and AED kit of the FIG. 1A according to an embodiment herein;

"FIG. 6B illustrates a bottom view of the head rest unit of the CPR and AED kit of the FIG. 1A according to the embodiments herein;

"FIG. 7 illustrates a schematic diagram of the interactive communication unit of FIG. 1A used in accordance with the embodiments herein; and

"FIG. 8 is a flow diagram illustrating a method according to an embodiment herein."

For additional information on this patent application, see: Madanat, Sahar Anis. Combined Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Apparatus and Method. Filed August 2, 2012 and posted February 13, 2014. Patent URL: http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-adv.html&r=1732&p=35&f=G&l=50&d=PG01&S1=20140206.PD.&OS=PD/20140206&RS=PD/20140206

Keywords for this news article include: Patents, Cardiology, Heart Rate, Hemodynamics, Resuscitation, Cardiac Arrest, Medical Devices, Emergency Treatment, Automated External Defibrillator.

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Source: Politics & Government Week


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