A space-based observatory to search for planets orbiting alien stars has been selected today as ESA's third medium-class science mission. It is planned for launch by 2024.
The PLATO - Planetary Transits and Oscillations of stars - mission was selected by ESA's Science Programme Committee for implementation as part of its Cosmic Vision 2015-25 Programme.
The mission will address two key themes of Cosmic Vision: what are the conditions for planet formation and the emergence of life, and how does the Solar System work?
PLATO will monitor relatively nearby stars, searching for tiny, regular dips in brightness as their planets transit in front of them, temporarily blocking out a small fraction of the starlight.
By using 34 separate small telescopes and cameras, PLATO will search for planets around up to a million stars spread over half of the sky.
It will also investigate seismic activity in the stars, enabling a precise characterisation of the host sun of each planet discovered, including its mass, radius and age.
When coupled with ground-based radial velocity observations, PLATO's measurements will allow a planet's mass and radius to be calculated, and therefore its density, providing an indication of its composition.
The mission will identify and study thousands of exoplanetary systems, with an emphasis on discovering and characterising Earth-sized planets and super-Earths in the habitable zone of their parent star - the distance from the star where liquid surface water could exist.
"PLATO, with its unique ability to hunt for Sun-Earth analogue systems, will build on the expertise accumulated with a number of European missions, including CoRot and Cheops," says
"Its discoveries will help to place our own Solar System's architecture in the context of other planetary systems.
"All M3 mission candidates presented excellent opportunities for answering the major scientific questions that define our Cosmic Vision programme."
The four other mission concepts competing for the M3 launch opportunity were: EChO (the
PLATO joins Solar Orbiter and Euclid, which were chosen in 2011 as ESA's first M-class missions. Solar Orbiter will be launched in 2017 to study the Sun and solar wind from a distance of less than 50 million km, while Euclid, to be launched in 2020, will focus on dark energy, dark matter and the structure of the Universe.
PLATO will be launched on a Soyuz rocket from
Data from ESA's recently launched Gaia mission will help PLATO to provide precise characteristics of thousands of exoplanet systems. These systems will provide natural targets for detailed follow-up observations by future large ground- and space-based observatories.
1964-2014: 50 years serving European cooperation and innovation
In 1964, the Conventions of the
2014 will be dedicated to addressing the future in the light of these 50 years of unique achievements in space, which have put ESA among the leading space agencies in the world.
The motto "serving European cooperation and innovation" underlines how much ESA, together with the national delegations from its 20 Member States, space industry, the scientific community and more recently the EU, has made a difference for
Fifty years of European cooperation in space is an anniversary for the whole space sector in
ESA has 20 Member States:
ESA has Cooperation Agreements with eight other Member States of the EU.
ESA is also working with the EU to implement the Galileo and Copernicus programmes.
By coordinating the financial and intellectual resources of its members, ESA can undertake programmes and activities far beyond the scope of any single European country.
ESA develops the launchers, spacecraft and ground facilities needed to keep
Today, it launches satellites for Earth observation, navigation, telecommunications and astronomy, sends probes to the far reaches of the Solar System and cooperates in the human exploration of space.
Learn more at www.esa.int
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