News Column

Horizonte Minerals Plc - Final Results

February 19, 2014

Horizonte Minerals plc / Index: AIM and TSX / Epic: HZM / Sector: Mining

TORONTO, Feb. 20, 2014 /CNW/ - Horizonte Minerals Plc, (AIM: HZM) (TSX: HZM) ('Horizonte' or 'the Company') the exploration and development company focused in Brazil, announces its results for the year ended 31 December 2013.

Overview

• Delivery of a number of major milestones during 2013, further de-risking of 100%-owned Araguaia Nickel Project ('Araguaia') located south of the producing Carajas mineral district, Brazil• Pre-Feasibility Study ('PFS') being conducted by Snowden Mining Industry Consultants on track for completion in Q1 2014 • Metallurgical test work completed - confirming Araguaia ore as suitable for the proven Rotary Kiln Electric Furnace processing route for ferro-nickel production • 321 holes (9,309 metres) of the final Phase 3 infill drill programme completed on time and within budget targeting five zones at Araguaia with continual high grade intercepts including 20.21 metres grading 2.29% Ni • Results from Phase 3 drilling to feed into a new resource update as part of the PFS aiming to convert sufficient resources to the Indicated category to provide a minimum of 20 years mine life • Solid cash position following raising of £3.08 million underpinning the continued support from major shareholders including Teck Resources and Henderson Global Investors

Chairman's Statement

2013 was a highly active year for Horizonte with the prime focus on the commencement and near completion of the Pre-Feasibility Study ('PFS') on our 100%-owned Araguaia Nickel Project, located south of the Carajas Mining District in northern Brazil ('Araguaia'). The PFS is a major study aimed at further increasing the confidence that Araguaia is set to become Brazil's next major nickel project. The completion of the PFS, which is on budget and on schedule for Q1 2014, will be a significant de-risking milestone for the project and add inherent value for shareholders.

Key aspects of the project advancement during 2013 included the completion of a 9,309m infill drilling programme at Araguaia, where a total of 35,200m (1,412 holes) have now been drilled to date. The recent drilling has continued to return high grade nickel results including 20.21 metres at 2.29% nickel and show good vertical thickness over the main target zone. These drilling results will feed into a new resource statement, which will convert part of the current Inferred resources into the Indicated category, and will be included as a part of the PFS. A second key aspect, as well as a critical de-risking milestone, was the completion of a metallurgical test programme at Araguaia in May 2013. This has demonstrated that Araguaia ore can be processed using the proven Rotary Kiln Electric Furnace ('RKEF') process in order to produce a saleable ferronickel product that meets the requirements of international stainless steel plants.

In June 2013, despite difficult market conditions, we successfully completed a £3.08 million placing before expenses, to help support the development at Araguaia. The placing underpinned the continued strong support Horizonte has from its major shareholders, including Teck Resources and Henderson Global Investors. Following this placing Horizonte had a strong net cash position which will take the Company through to the delivery of the PFS at Araguaia and 2014.

With the funding secured, in July 2013, Snowden Mining Consultants was appointed to deliver a PFS at Araguaia. The study is looking at preliminary pit optimisation and development of feed schedules for a RKEF process plant for two options: the first, a single line at 900,000 tonnes per annum, the second with two lines at 2.7 million tonnes per annum. The former of these options could offer lower capital expenditure. Additional aspects necessary for the viability of Araguaia will also be included in the PFS, such as project infrastructure planning and a Social and Environmental Impact Assessment and we look forward to the culmination of this study, targeted for Q1 2014, as we progress the project up the development curve towards production.

One of the recurring question marks about Araguaia and future production from the project is the nickel price. Mining has been and always will be a cyclical business, but the need for metals will persist, and that includes nickel. Nickel-containing materials play a major role in our everyday lives - food preparation equipment, mobile phones, medical equipment, transport, buildings, power generation, rechargeable batteries - the list is almost endless. These materials are selected because, compared with other materials, they offer better corrosion resistance, strength at high and low temperatures, as well as a range of special magnetic and electronic properties.

Most important are alloys of iron, nickel and chromium, of which stainless steels (frequently 8-12% nickel) represent the largest volume. Nickel based alloys - like stainless steel but with higher nickel contents - are used for more demanding applications such as gas turbines and some chemical plants. In addition, iron and nickel alloys are used in electronics and specialist engineering, while copper-nickel alloys are used for coinage and marine engineering. There are about 3,000 nickel-containing alloys in everyday use. About 90% of all new nickel sold each year goes into alloys, two-thirds going into stainless steel.

Nickel use is growing at approximately 4% to 5% each year while use of nickel-containing stainless steel is growing at around 6%. The fastest growth today is seen in the newly and rapidly industrialising countries, especially in Asia. Nickel-containing materials are needed to modernise infrastructure, for industry and to meet the material aspirations of their populations.

China and India, the two leading emerging economies, are experiencing roughly 10 times the economic acceleration of the Industrial Revolution, on 100 times the scale, resulting in an economic force that is over 1,000 times as big. In emerging market economies today, the population of cities grows by 65 million people per year or the equivalent of seven cities the size of Chicago. Over the next 15 years, some 440 emerging market cities will generate nearly half of global GDP and 40% of global consumption growth.

The rapid cut-back of expansion to slow long-term supply, will prolong a super cycle scarcity premium for explorers. That is where Araguaia fits in; an advanced major nickel project progressing towards the full feasibility stage which can fill the gap that will inevitably appear in the nickel supply and that will see us realise higher prices than those currently in play.

The recent announcement by the Indonesian government, banning all exports of direct shipping nickel ore, should have a positive effect on the nickel price in the mid-term if the ban continues to be fully implemented. Indonesia was estimated to account for around 18% to 20% of all nickel ore imports to China. This growth from only 14% in 2007 has been driven by demand from China, to feed the country's increasing consumption of nickel pig iron and latterly RKEF production.

The fundamental issue, even without the strict implementation of the ban, is that beyond 2016 the nickel industry is facing a lack of new projects to continue to supply the industry. This positions Horizonte with its Araguaia project prominently to take advantage of this new exciting nickel cycle. Metal forecasters predict that by the end of 2016 a switch will occur in the supply-demand dynamics of nickel resulting in underlying demand outstripping supply and therefore an upwards drive in nickel prices as we bring Araguaia on line.

Having completed a number of major de risking milestones at Araguaia during 2013 in terms of geology and metallurgy and with nickel futures in mind, we are eager to progress the project towards production. We therefore look forward to detailing the results of the PFS as soon as available and proving the potential viability of this major nickel project for Horizonte as we continue along our clear path to generate significant value uplift for shareholders.

The on-going support Horizonte Minerals has had from our loyal shareholders and the hard work and dedication shown by our management team and Board is greatly appreciated and I would like to take this opportunity to thank you all, and I look forward to another positive and successful period ahead.

David J. Hall

Chairman

The Annual Report for the year ended 31 December 2013, together with the Management's Discussion and Analysis prepared as at 31 December 2013 and Notice of Meeting and Management Information Circular with Respect to the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders to be held on 25 March 2014 will be posted to shareholders and are available on the Company's website at www.horizonteminerals.com and on Sedar www.Sedar.com

The Annual General Meeting of the Company will be held at 2:30 pm on 25 March 2014 at FinnCap 60 New Broad Street London EC2M 1JJ

Financial Statements

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

For the year ended 31 December 2013

    Year ended Year ended
    31 December 31 December
    2013 2012
  Notes £ £
Continuing operations      
Revenue   — —
Cost of sales   — —
Gross profit   — —
Administrative expenses   (1,260,604) (1,741,384)
Charge for share options granted   (171,277) (321,400)
Toronto Stock Exchange listing and compliance costs   (28,154) (114,426)
Changes in fair value of contingent consideration 19 46,940 545,439
Project and fixed asset impairment 7 (1,033,240) (700,397)
Gain/(loss) on foreign exchange   (149,199) (181,618)
Other operating income 6 — 125,229
Operating loss 7 (2,595,534) (2,388,557)
Finance income 8 47,451 88,262
Finance costs 8 (165,138) (189,186)
Loss before taxation   (2,713,221) (2,489,481)
Taxation 9 — —
Loss for the year from continuing operations   (2,713,221) (2,489,481)
Other comprehensive income      
Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss      
Changes in value of available for sale financial assets 13 (174,985) (55,291)
Currency translation differences on translating foreign operations 18 (4,124,364) (3,039,094)
Other comprehensive income for the year, net of tax   (4,299,349) (3,094,385)
Total comprehensive income for the year attributable to equity

holders of the Company
  (7,012,570) (5,583,866)
Earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to the

equity holders of the Company
     
Basic (pence per share) 21 (0.709) (0.762)
Diluted (pence per share) 21 (0.709) (0.762)










Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

As at 31 December 2013

    31 December 31 December
    2013 2012
  Notes £ £
Assets      
Non-current assets      
Intangible assets 10 20,041,937 20,417,739
Property, plant & equipment 11 107,451 145,564
Deferred tax assets 9 5,373,634 6,308,978
    25,523,022 26,872,281
Current assets   62,127  
Trade and other receivables 12 44,842
Other current financial assets 13 22,729 197,714
Cash and cash equivalents 14 3,091,880 5,887,174
    3,176,736 6,129,730
Total assets   28,699,758 33,002,011
Equity and liabilities      
Equity attributable to owners of the parent   4,011,395  
Share capital 15 3,600,462
Share premium 16 26,997,998 24,384,527
Other reserves 18 1,139,550 5,438,899
Retained losses   (8,410,040) (5,868,096)
Total equity   23,738,903 27,555,792
Liabilities      
Non-current liabilities   2,477,310  
Contingent consideration 19 2,359,112
Deferred tax liabilities 9 2,335,492 2,742,012
    4,812,802 5,101,124
Current liabilities   148,053  
Trade and other payables 19 345,095
    148,053 345,095
Total liabilities   4,960,855 5,446,219
Total equity and liabilities   28,699,758 33,002,011









Company Statement of Financial Position

As at 31 December 2013

    31 December 31 December
  Notes 2013 2012
Assets      
Non-current assets      
Property, plant & equipment 11 5,137 5,455
Investment in subsidiaries 27 34,525,339 33,356,363
    35,530,476 33,361,818
Current assets      
Trade and other receivables 12 12,035 25,742
Cash and cash equivalents 14 2,756,368 5,154,986
    2,768,403 5,180,728
Total assets   37,298,879 38,542,546
Equity and liabilities      
Equity attributable to owners of the parent      
Share capital 15 4,011,395 3,600,462
Share premium 16 26,997,998 24,384,527
Merger reserve 18 10,888,760 10,888,760
Retained losses   (7,551,817) (3,344,872)
Total equity   34,346,336 35,528,877
Liabilities      
Non-current liabilities      
Contingent consideration 19 2,477,310 2,359,112
Current liabilities      
Trade and other payables 19 475,233 654,557
Total liabilities   2,952,543 3,013,669
Total equity and liabilities   37,298,879 38,542,546









Statements of Changes in Equity

For the year ended 31 December 2013

    Attributable to owners of parent  
  Share Share Retained Other  
  capital premium losses reserves Total
  £ £ £ £ £
Consolidated          
As at 1 January 2012 2,795,600 18,772,797 (3,700,015) 8,533,284 26,401,666
Loss for the year — — (2,489,481) — (2,489,481)
Other comprehensive income — — — (3,094,385) (3,094,385)
Total comprehensive income for the year — — (2,489,481) (3,094,385) (5,583,866)
Issue of ordinary shares 804,862 5,710,387 — — 6,515,249
Issue costs — (98,657) — — (98,657)
Share-based payments — — 321,400 — 321,400
Total transactions with owners 804,862 5,611,730 321,400 — 6,737,992
As at 31 December 2012 3,600,462 24,384,527 (5,868,096) 5,438,899 27,555,792
Loss for the year — — (2,713,221) — (2,713,221)
Other comprehensive income — — — (4,299,349) (4,299,349)
Total comprehensive income for the year — — (2,713,221) (4,299,349) (7,012,570)
Issue of ordinary shares 410,933 2,671,066 — — 3,081,999
Issue costs — (57,595) — — (57,595)
Share-based payments — — 171,277 — 171,277
Total transactions with owners 410,933 2,613,471 171,277 — 3,195,681
As at 31 December 20134,011,39526,997,998(8,410,040)1,139,55023,738,903


    Attributable to equity shareholders  
  Share Share Retained Merger  
  capital premium losses reserves Total
  £ £ £ £ £
Company          
As at 1 January 2012 2,795,600 18,772,797 (2,786,938) 10,888,760 29,670,219
Loss for the year — — (879,334) — (879,334)
Total comprehensive income for the year — — (879,334) — (879,334)
Issue of ordinary shares 804,862 5,710,387 — — 6,515,249
Issue costs — (98,657) — — (98,657)
Share-based payments — — 321,400 — 321,400
Total transactions with owners 804,862 5,611,730 321,400 — 6,737,992
As at 31 December 2012 3,600,462 24,384,527 (3,344,872) 10,888,760 35,528,877
Loss for the year — — (4,378,222) — (4,378,222)
Total comprehensive income for the year — — (4,378,222) — (4,378,222)
Issue of ordinary shares 410,933 2,671,066 — — 3,081,999
Issue costs — (57,595) — — (57,595)
Share-based payments — — 171,277 — 171,277
Total transactions with owners 410,933 2,613,471 171,277 — 3,195,681
As at 31 December 20134,011,39526,997,998(7,551,817)10,888,76034,346,336









Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

For the year ended 31 December 2013

    31 December 31 December
    2013 2012
  Notes £ £
Cash flows from operating activities      
Loss before taxation   (2,713,221) (2,489,481)
Interest income   (47,451) (88,262)
Finance costs   165,138 189,186
Share-based payments   171,277 321,400
Gain on sale of fixed assets   — (13,249)
Project impairment   1,048,282 639,505
Exchange difference   (27,424) 19,931
Change in fair value of contingent consideration   (46,940) (545,439)
Depreciation   4,370 5,871
Operating loss before changes in working capital   (1,445,969) (1,960,538)
(Increase)/decrease in trade and other receivables   (17,285) 128,064
(Decrease)/increase in trade and other payables   (177,040) (157,789)
Net cash used in operating activities   (1,640,294) (1,990,263)
Cash flows from investing activities      
Purchase of intangible assets   (4,199,863) (2,848,040)
Purchase of property, plant and equipment   (100,037) (102,672)
Purchase of available-for-sale financial assets   — (253,004)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment   91,247 16,673
Interest received   47,451 88,262
Net cash used in investing activities   (4,161,202) (3,098,781)
Cash flows from financing activities      
Proceeds from issue of ordinary shares   3,081,999 5,240,249
Issue costs   (57,595) (98,657)
Net cash from financing activities   3,024,404 5,141,592
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   (2,777,092) 52,548
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year   5,887,174 5,856,949
Exchange loss on cash and cash equivalents   (18,202) (22,323)
Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year 14 3,091,880 5,887,174



Major non-cash transactions

During the year ended 31 December 2013 additions to intangible exploration assets included £80,109 (2012: £73,664) in relation to depreciation charges on property, plant and equipment used for exploration activities.

On 7 February 2012 the Company issued 8,500,000 new ordinary shares of 1 pence per share each to Lara Exploration Limited at a premium of 14 pence per share in consideration for the acquisition of the Vila Oito and Floresta nickel laterite projects.

Company Statement of Cash Flows

For year ended 31 December 2013

    31 December 31 December
    2013 2012
  Notes £ £
Cash flows from operating activities      
Loss before taxation   (4,378,222) (879,334)
Interest income   (45,075) (79,424)
Share-based payments   171,277 321,400
Impairment of investment in subsidiaries   4,264,167 —
Depreciation   2,868 2,233
Operating loss before changes in working capital   15,015 (635,125)
Decrease in trade and other receivables   13,707 82,254
(Decrease)/increase in trade and other payables   (179,324) 18,324
Net cash flows used in operating activities   (150,602) (534,547)
Cash flows from investing activities      
Loans to subsidiary undertakings   (5,314,945) (3,775,342)
Purchase of property, plant and equipment   (2,550) (1,599)
Interest received   45,075 79,424
Net cash used in investing activities   (5,272,420) (3,697,517)
Cash flows from financing activities      
Proceeds from issue of ordinary shares   3,081,999 5,240,249
Issue costs   (57,595) (98,657)
Net cash from financing activities   3,024,404 5,141,592
Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents   (2,398,618) 909,528
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year   5,154,986 4,245,460
Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year 14 2,756,368 5,154,986



Major non-cash transactions

On 7 February 2012 the Company issued 8,500,000 new ordinary shares of 1 pence per share each to Lara Exploration Limited at a premium of 14 pence per share in consideration for the acquisition of the Vila Oito and Floresta nickel laterite projects.

The non-cash movement in contingent consideration of £118,198 (2012: £356,253) was charged to a subsidiary undertaking and adjusted for in the loans to subsidiary undertakings balance.

Notes to the Financial Statements

1 General information

The principal activity of Horizonte Minerals Plc ('the Company') and its subsidiaries (together 'the Group') is the exploration and development of precious and base metals. The Company's shares are listed on the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange and on the Toronto Stock Exchange. The Company is incorporated and domiciled in the UK.

The address of its registered office is 26 Dover Street, London W1S 4LY.

2 Summary of significant accounting policies

The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these Financial Statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented.

2.1 Basis of preparation

These Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as adopted by the European Union (EU), IFRIC interpretations and those parts of the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS. The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention as modified by the revaluation of certain subsidiaries' assets and liabilities to fair value for consolidation purposes.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgement in the process of applying the Group's Accounting Policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgement or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the Financial Statements, are disclosed in Note 4.

2.2 Changes in accounting policy and disclosures

a) New and amended standards adopted by the Group

A number of new standards and amendments to standards and interpretations are effective for the annual period beginning after 1 January 2013 and have been applied in preparing these financial statements.

Amendment to IAS 1, 'Financial statement presentation' regarding other comprehensive income became effective during the period. Items in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income that may be reclassified to profit or loss in subsequently periods are now presented separately from items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.

IFRS 13, "Fair value measurement" became effective during the period. The standard requires specific disclosures on fair values, some of which replace existing disclosure requirements in IFRS 7, "Financial instruments: Disclosures". The fair values of cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables and trade and other payables approximate to their book values due to the short maturity periods of these financial instruments. Available for sale financial assets consist of equity investments whose fair value is determined by reference to quoted market prices (level 1 in the fair value measurement hierarchy).

b) New and amended standards, and interpretations mandatory for the first time for the financial year beginning 1 January 2013, butnot currently relevant to the Group

A number of new standards and amendments to standards and interpretations are effective for annual periods beginning after 1 January 2013, and have not been applied in preparing these financial statements. None of these is expected to have a significant effect on the financial statements of the Company or Group.

IAS 19, 'Employee benefits' eliminate the option to defer the recognition of gains and losses, known as the "corridor method" streamline the presentation of changes in assets and liabilities arising from defined benefit plans, including requiring re-measurements to be presented in other comprehensive income; and enhance the disclosure requirements for defined benefit plans, providing better information about the characteristics of defined benefit plans and the risks that entities are exposed to through participation in those plans.

IFRS 7, 'Financial Instruments: Disclosures' was amended for asset and liability offsetting. This amendment requires disclosure of information that will enable users of financial statements to evaluate the effect or potential effect of netting arrangements, including rights of set-off associated with the entity's recognised financial assets and recognised financial liabilities, on the entity's financial position.

Amendment to IFRS 1, 'First-time Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards' on government loans, addresses how first-time adopters would account for a government loan with a below-market rate of interest when transitioning to IFRS. It also adds an exception to the retrospective application of IFRS, which provides the same relief to first-time adopters granted to existing preparers of IFRS Financial Statements when the requirement was incorporated into IAS 20 'Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance' in 2008.

IFRIC 20, 'Stripping Costs in the Production Phase of a Surface Mine', clarifies when production stripping should lead to the recognition of an asset and how that asset should be measured, both initially and in subsequent periods.

'Annual Improvements 2009 - 2011 Cycle' sets out amendments to various IFRSs as follows:

• An amendment to IFRS 1, 'First-time Adoption' clarifies whether an entity may apply IFRS 1:
             (a) if the entity meets the criteria for applying IFRS 1 and has applied IFRS 1 in a previous reporting period; or
   
  (b)  if the entity meets the criteria for applying IFRS 1 and has applied IFRSs in a previous reporting period when IFRS 1 did not exist.
• The amendment to IFRS 1 also addresses the transitional provisions for borrowing costs relating to qualifying assets for which the commencement date for capitalisation was before the date of transition to IFRSs.



• An amendment to IAS 1, 'Presentation of Financial Statements' clarifies the requirements for providing comparative information when an entity provides Financial Statements beyond the minimum comparative information requirements.



• An amendment to IAS 16, 'Property, Plant and Equipment' addresses a perceived inconsistency in the classification requirements for servicing equipment.



• An amendment to IAS 32, 'Financial Instruments: Presentation' addresses perceived inconsistencies between IAS 12, 'Income Taxes' and IAS 32 with regard to recognising the consequences of income tax relating to distributions to holders of an equity instrument and to transaction costs of an equity transaction.



• An amendment to IAS 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting' clarifies the requirements on segment information for total assets and liabilities for each reportable segment.

c) New and amended standards and interpretations issued but not yet effective for the financial year beginning 1 January 2013 and not early adopted

The standards and interpretations that are issued, but not yet effective, up to the date of issuance of the financial statements are disclosed below. The Company and Group intend to adopt these standards, if applicable, when they become effective.

IAS 27, 'Separate Financial Statements', replaces the current version of IAS 27, 'Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements' as a result of the issue of IFRS 10. The revised standard includes the requirements relating to separate financial statements. The revised standard becomes effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

IAS 28, 'Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures', replaces the current version of IAS 28,'Investments in Associates', as a result of the issue of IFRS 11. The revised standard includes the requirements for associates and joint ventures that have to be equity accounted following the issue of IFRS 1. The Group is yet to assess full impact of the revised standard and intends to adopt IAS 28 (revised) no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

Amendment to IAS 19, 'Defined Benefit Plans: Employee Contributions', provides guidance added to IAS 19 Employee Benefits on accounting for contributions from employees or third parties set out in the formal terms of a defined benefit plan. The Directors do not believe that this will have an impact on the Group however will be adopted no later than accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

Amendment to IAS 32, 'Offsetting Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities', add application guidance to address inconsistencies identified in applying some of the criteria when offsetting financial assets and financial liabilities. This includes clarifying the meaning of "currently has a legally enforceable right of set-off" and that some gross settlement systems may be considered equivalent to net settlement. The Group is yet to assess the full impact of the amendment to IAS 32 and intends to adopt the amended standard no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

Amendment to IAS 36, 'Recoverable Amount Disclosures for Non-Financial Assets', to reduce the circumstances in which the recoverable amount of assets or cash-generating units is required to be disclosed, clarify the disclosures required, and to introduce an explicit requirement to disclose the discount rate used in determining impairment (or reversals) where recoverable amount (based on fair value less costs of disposal) is determined using a present value technique. The Group is yet to assess full impact of the revised standard and intends to adopt the amendment to IAS 36 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

Amendment to IAS 39, 'Novation of Derivatives and Continuation of Hedge Accounting', make it clear that there is no need to discontinue hedge accounting if a hedging derivative is novated, provided certain criteria are met. The Group is yet to assess full impact and intends to adopt the amendment to IAS 39 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

IFRS 9, 'Financial instruments', addresses the classification, measurement and recognition of financial assets and financial liabilities. IFRS 9 was issued in November 2009 and October 2010. It replaces parts of IAS 39 that relate to the classification and measurement of financial instruments. IFRS 9 requires financial assets to be classified into two measurement categories: those measured as at fair value and those measured at amortised cost. The determination is made at initial recognition. The classification depends on the entity's business model for managing its financial instruments and the contractual cash flow characteristics for the instrument. For financial liabilities, the standard retains most of the IAS 39 requirements. The main change is that, in cases where the fair value option is taken for financial liabilities, the part of a fair value change due to an entity's own credit risk is recorded in other comprehensive income rather than the income statement, unless this creates an accounting mismatch. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 9's full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 9 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014, subject to endorsement by the EU. The Group will also consider the impact of the remaining phases of IFRS 9 when completed by the Board.

IFRS 10, 'Consolidated financial statements', builds on existing principles by identifying the concept of control as the determining factor in whether an entity should be included within the consolidated financial statements of the parent company. The standard provides additional guidance to assist in the determination of control where this is difficult to assess. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 10's full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 10 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

IFRS 11, 'Joint Arrangements' provides for a more realistic reflection of joint arrangements by focusing on the rights and obligations of the arrangement, rather than its legal form. There are two types of joint arrangement; joint operations and joint ventures. Joint operations arise where a joint operator has rights to the assets and obligations relating to the arrangement and therefore accounts for its share of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. Joint ventures arise where the joint venture has rights to the net assets of the arrangement and therefore equity accounts for its interest. Proportional consolidation of joint ventures is no longer allowed. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 11's full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 11 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

IFRS 12, 'Disclosures of interests in other entities', includes the disclosure requirements for all forms of interests in entities, including joint arrangements, associates, special purpose vehicles and other off Statement of Financial Position vehicles. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 12's full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 12 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

Amendments to IFRS 10, "Consolidated Financial Statements", IFRS 12, "Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities" and IAS 27, 'Separate Financial Statements', provide 'investment entities' (as defined) an exemption from the consolidation of particular subsidiaries and instead require that an investment entity measure the investment in each eligible subsidiary at fair value through profit or loss in accordance with IFRS 9 Financial Instruments or IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement. The Group is yet to assess the full impact of these amendments and intends to adopt the amended standards no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

Amendments to IFRS 10 "Consolidated Financial Statements", IFRS 11 "Joint Arrangements" and IFRS 12 "Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities" clarify the IASB's intention when first issuing the transition guidance in IFRS 10, provide similar relief in IFRS 11 and IFRS 12 from the presentation or adjustment of comparative information for periods prior to the immediately preceding period, and provide additional transition relief by eliminating the requirement to present comparatives for the disclosures relating to unconsolidated structured entities for any period before the first annual period for which IFRS 12 is applied. The Group plans to adopt these amendments no later than the annual period beginning on or after 1 January 2014.

IFRIC 21, 'Levies', provides guidance on when to recognise a liability for a levy imposed by a government, both for levies that are accounted for in accordance with IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets and those where the timing and amount of the levy is certain. It provides the following guidance on recognition of a liability to pay levies:

• The liability is recognised progressively if the obligating event occurs over a period of time;



• If an obligation is triggered on reaching a minimum threshold, the liability is recognised when that minimum threshold is reached.

The Group is yet to assess the full impact and intends to adopt the standard no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2014, subject to endorsement by the EU.

"Annual Improvements 2010 - 2012 Cycle" sets out amendments to various IFRSs and provides a vehicle for making non-urgent but necessary amendments to IFRSs:

• IFRS 2 "Share-based Payment": amendment to the definition of a vesting condition.



• IFRS 3 "Business Combinations": amendments to the accounting for contingent consideration in a business combination.



• IFRS 8 "Operating Segments": aments to the aggregation of operating segments and the reconciliation of the total of the reportable segments' assets to the entity's assets.



• IFRS 13 "Fair Value Measurement": amendments to short-term receivables and payables.



• IAS 16 "Property, Plant and Equipment": amendments to the revaluation method in relation to the proportionate restatement of accumulated depreciation.



• IAS 24 "Related Party Disclosures": amendments regarding key management personnel.



• IAS 38 "Intangible Assets": amendments to the revaluation method in relation to the proportionate restatement of accumulated depreciation.

The Group intends to adopt the amended standards no later than the annual period beginning on or after 1 July 2014, subject to EU endorsement.

"Annual Improvements 2011 - 2013 Cycle" sets out amendments to various IFRSs and provides a vehicle for making non-urgent but necessary amendments to IFRSs:

• IFRS 1 "First-time Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards": amendment to the meaning of 'effective IFRSs'.



• IFRS 3 "Business Combinations": amendments to the scope exceptions for joint ventures.



• IFRS 13 "Fair Value Measurement": amendments to the scope of paragraph 52 (portfolio exception).



• IAS 40 "Investment Property": amendments clarifying the interrelationship between IFRS 3 and IAS 40 when classifying property as investment property or owner-occupied property.

The Group intends to adopt the amended standards no later than the annual period beginning on or after 1 July 2014, subject to EU endorsement.

2.3 Basis of consolidation

Horizonte Minerals Plc was incorporated on 16 January 2006. On 23 March 2006Horizonte Minerals Plc acquired the entire issued share capital of Horizonte Exploration Limited (HEL) by way of a share for share exchange. The transaction was treated as a group reconstruction and was accounted for using the merger accounting method as the entities were under common control before and after the acquisition.

Subsidiaries are all entities over which the Group has the power to govern the financial and operating policies generally accompanying a shareholding of more than one half of the voting rights. The existence and effect of potential voting rights that are currently exercisable or convertible are considered when assessing whether the Group controls another entity. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group. They are de-consolidated from the date that control ceases.

Other than for the acquisition of HEL as noted above, the Group uses the acquisition method of accounting to account for business combinations. The consideration transferred for the acquisition of a subsidiary is the fair value of the assets transferred, the liabilities incurred and the equity interests issued by the Group. The consideration transferred includes the fair value of any asset or liability resulting from a contingent consideration arrangement. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred unless they result from the issuance of shares, in which case they are offset against the premium on those shares within equity.

If an acquisition is achieved in stages, the acquisition date carrying value of the acquirer's previously held equity interest in the acquiree is remeasured to fair value at the acquisition date through profit or loss.

Any contingent consideration to be transferred by the Group is recognised at fair value at the acquisition date. Subsequent changes to the fair value of the contingent consideration that is deemed to be an asset or a liability is recognised in accordance with IAS 39 either in profit or loss or as a change in other comprehensive income. The unwinding of the discount on contingent consideration liabilities is recognised as a finance charge within profit or loss. Contingent consideration that is classified as equity is not remeasured, and its subsequent settlement is accounted for within equity.

The excess of the consideration transferred and the acquisition date fair value of any previous equity interest in the acquiree over the fair value of the Group's share of the identifiable net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. If this is less than the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired in the case of a bargain purchase, the difference is recognised directly in profit or loss.

Inter-company transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between Group companies are eliminated. Accounting policies of subsidiaries have been changed where necessary to ensure consistency with policies adopted by the Group.

Investments in subsidiaries are accounted for at cost less impairment.

References to various joint venture arrangements in the Chairman's Statement and the Operations Review do not meet the definition of joint ventures under IAS 31 'Interests in Joint Ventures' and therefore these Financial Statements do not reflect the accounting treatments required under IAS 31.

The following 100% owned subsidiaries have been included within the consolidated Financial Statements:

Subsidiary undertaking Parent company Country of incorporation Nature of business
Horizonte Exploration LtdHorizonte Minerals PlcEngland Mineral Exploration
Horizonte Minerals (IOM) LtdHorizonte Exploration LtdIsle of Man Holding company
HM Brazil (IOM) LtdHorizonte Minerals (IOM) LtdIsle of Man Holding company
HM Peru (IOM) LtdHorizonte Minerals (IOM) LtdIsle of Man Holding company
Horizonte Nickel (IOM) LtdHorizonte Minerals (IOM) LtdIsle of Man Holding company
HM do Brasil Ltda HM Brazil (IOM) LtdBrazil Mineral Exploration
Araguaia Niquel MineraÇÃo Ltda Horizonte Nickel (IOM) LtdBrazil Mineral Exploration
Lontra Empreendimentos e Arguaia Niquel MineraÇÃo Ltda/    
ParticipaÇÕes Ltda Horizonte Nickel (IOM) LtdBrazil Mineral Exploration
Mineira El Aguila SAC HM Peru (IOM) LtdPeru Mineral Exploration
Mineira Cotahusi SAC Mineira El Aguila SAC Peru Mineral Exploration
South America Resources LtdHorizonte Minerals PlcIsle of Man Holding company
Brazil Mineral Holdings LtdSouth America Resources LtdIsle of Man Holding company



PMA Geoquimica Ltda, a subsidiary of Brazil Mineral Holdings Ltd, was dissolved during the year and South America Resources Ltd and Brazil Mineral Holdings Ltd are in the process of being dissolved.

2.4 Going concern

The Group's business activities together with the factors likely to affect its future development, performance and position are set out in the Chairman's Statement on pages 4 and 5; in addition note 3 to the Financial Statements includes the Group's objectives, policies and processes for managing its capital; its financial risk management objectives; details of its financial instruments and its exposure to credit and liquidity risk.

The Financial Statements have been prepared on a going concern basis. Although the Group's assets are not generating revenues and an operating loss has been reported, the Directors consider that the Group has sufficient funds to undertake its operating activities for a period of at least the next 12 months including any additional payments required in relation to its current exploration projects. The Group has considerable financial resources which will be sufficient to fund the Group's committed expenditure both operationally and on its exploration projects for the foreseeable future. However, as additional projects are identified and the Araguaia project moves towards production, additional funding will be required. The amount of funding is estimated without any certainty at the point of approval of these Financial Statements and the Group will be required to raise additional funds either via an issue of equity or through the issuance of debt. The Directors are confident that funds will be forthcoming if and when they are required.

The Directors have a reasonable expectation that the Group and Company have adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. Thus they continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing these Financial Statements.

2.5 Intangible Assets

(a) Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquisition over the fair value of the Group's share of the net identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of the acquired subsidiary at the date of acquisition. Goodwill arising on the acquisition of subsidiaries is included in 'intangible assets'. Goodwill is tested annually for impairment and carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses. Impairment losses on goodwill are not reversed. Gains and losses on the disposal of an entity include the carrying amount of goodwill relating to the entity sold.

Goodwill is allocated to cash generating units for the purpose of impairment testing. The allocation is made to those cash-generating units or groups of cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the business combination in which the goodwill arose, identified according to operating segment.

(b) Exploration and evaluation assets

The Group recognises expenditure as exploration and evaluation assets when it determines that those assets will be successful in finding specific mineral resources. Expenditure included in the initial measurement of exploration and evaluation assets and which are classified as intangible assets relate to the acquisition of rights to explore, topographical, geological, geochemical and geophysical studies, exploratory drilling, trenching, sampling and activities to evaluate the technical feasibility and commercial viability of extracting a mineral resource. Capitalisation of pre-production expenditure ceases when the mining property is capable of commercial production.

Exploration and evaluation assets arising on business combinations are included at their acquisition-date fair value in accordance with IFRS 3 (revised) 'Business combinations'. Other exploration and evaluation assets and all subsequent expenditure on assets acquired as part of a business combination are recorded and held at cost.

Exploration and evaluation assets are assessed for impairment when facts and circumstances suggest that the carrying amount of an asset may exceed its recoverable amount. The assessment is carried out by allocating exploration and evaluation assets to cash generating units, which are based on specific projects or geographical areas.

Whenever the exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources in cash generating units does not lead to the discovery of commercially viable quantities of mineral resources or the Company has decided to discontinue such activities of that unit, the associated expenditures are written off to profit or loss.

2.6 Property, plant and equipment

All property, plant and equipment is stated at historic cost less accumulated depreciation. Historic cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items.

All repairs and maintenance costs are charged to profit or loss during the financial period in which they are incurred.

Depreciation is charged on a straight-line basis so as to write off the cost of assets, over their estimated useful lives, using the straight-line method, on the following bases:

Office equipment 25%
Vehicles and other field equipment 25% - 33%



An asset's carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the assets carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.

Gains and losses on disposal are determined by comparing the proceeds with the carrying amount and are recognised within 'Other (losses)/gains' in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

2.7 Impairment

Assets that have an indefinite useful life; for example, goodwill or intangible exploration assets not ready to use, are not subject to amortisation and are tested annually for impairment. Intangible assets that are subject to amortisation and tangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset's carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's fair value less costs to sell and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash generating units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered an impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at each reporting date.

2.8 Foreign currency translation

(a) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the Financial Statements of the Group's entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (the 'functional currency'). The functional currency of the UK and Isle of Man entities is Sterling and the functional currency of the Brazilian and Peruvian entities is Brazilian Real and Peruvian Nuevo Sol respectively. The Consolidated Financial Statements are presented in Pounds Sterling, rounded to the nearest pound, which is the Company's functional and Group's presentation currency.

(b) Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions or valuation where such items are re-measured. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at year-end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in profit or loss.

(c) Group companies

The results and financial position of all the Group's entities (none of which has the currency of a hyperinflationary economy) that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency are translated into the presentation currency as follows:


(1)  assets and liabilities for each statement of financial position presented are translated at the closing rate at the date of that statement of financial position;
   
(2)  each component of profit or loss is translated at average exchange rates during the accounting period (unless this average is not a reasonable approximation of the cumulative effect of the rates prevailing on the transaction dates, in which case income and expenses are translated at the dates of the transactions); and
   
(3)  all resulting exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income.



On consolidation, exchange differences arising from the translation of the net investment in foreign entities, and of monetary items receivable from foreign subsidiaries for which settlement is neither planned nor likely to occur in the foreseeable future are taken to other comprehensive income. When a foreign operation is sold, such exchange differences are recognised in profit or loss as part of the gain or loss on sale.

Goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on the acquisition of a foreign entity are treated as assets and liabilities of the foreign entity and translated at the closing rate.

2.9 Financial assets

Financial assets within the scope of IAS 39 are classified as loans and receivables or available-for-sale financial assets, as appropriate. The Group determines the classification of its financial assets at initial recognition.

(a) Available-for-sale financial investments

Available-for-sale financial investments consist of equity investments that are neither classified as held for trading nor designated at fair value through profit or loss. After initial recognition, available-for-sale financial investments are subsequently measured at fair value with unrealised gains or losses recognised as other comprehensive income in the available-for-sale reserve until the investment is derecognised, at which time the cumulative gain or loss is recognised in other operating income, or the investment is determined to be impaired, when the cumulative loss is reclassified from the available-for-sale reserve to the Income Statement in finance costs. The fair value of financial instruments that are traded in active markets at each reporting date is determined by reference to quoted market prices.

(b) Loans and receivables

Loans and receivables are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. After initial measurement, such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method, less impairment. The Group's loans and receivables comprise 'trade and other receivables' in the Statement of Financial Position.

Derecognition

A financial asset is derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired.

2.10 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash at bank and in hand and demand deposits with banks and other financial institutions, that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.11 Taxation

The tax credit or expense for the period comprises current and deferred tax. Tax is recognised in the Income Statement, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

The charge for current tax is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period in the countries where the company and its subsidiaries operate and generate taxable income. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

Deferred tax is accounted for using the liability method in respect of temporary differences arising from differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. However, deferred tax liabilities are not recognised if they arise from the initial recognition of goodwill; deferred tax is not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss.

In principle, deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences and deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which deductible temporary differences can be utilised. Deferred tax assets are recognised on tax losses carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through future taxable profits is probable.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for taxable temporary differences arising on investments in subsidiaries and associates, and interests in joint ventures, except where the Company is able to control the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets against current tax liabilities and when the deferred tax assets and liabilities relate to taxes levied by the same taxation authority on either the same taxable entity or different taxable entities where there is an intention to settle the balances on a net basis.

Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date and are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are not discounted.

2.12 Share capital

Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new ordinary shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from the proceeds.

2.13 Trade payables

Trade payables are obligations to pay for goods or services that have been acquired in the ordinary course of business from suppliers. Accounts payable are classified as current liabilities if payment is due within one year or less. If not, they are presented as non-current liabilities.

Trade payables are initially recognised at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

2.14 Operating leases

Leases of assets under which a significant amount of the risks and benefits of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are charged to the Income Statement on a straight-line basis over the period of the respective leases.

2.15 Share-based payments and incentives

The Group operates equity-settled, share-based compensation plans, under which the entity receives services from employees as consideration for equity instruments (options) of the Group. The fair value of employee services received in exchange for the grant of share options are recognised as an expense. The total expense to be apportioned over the vesting period is determined by reference to the fair value of the options granted:

• including any market performance conditions;



• excluding the impact of any service and non-market performance vesting conditions; and



• including the impact of any non-vesting conditions.

Non-market performance and service conditions are included in assumptions about the number of options that are expected to vest. The total expense is recognised over the vesting period, which is the period over which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied. At the end of each reporting period the Group revises its estimate of the number of options that are expected to vest.

It recognises the impact of the revision of original estimates, if any, in profit or loss, with a corresponding adjustment to equity.

When options are exercised, the Company issues new shares. The proceeds received net of any directly attributable transaction costs are credited to share capital (nominal value) and share premium.

The fair value of goods or services received in exchange for shares is recognised as an expense.

2.16 Segment reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Chief Executive Officer, the Company's chief operating decision-maker.

2.17 Finance income

Interest income is recognised using the effective interest method, taking into account the principal amounts outstanding and the interest rates applicable.

3 Financial risk management

3.1 Financial risk factors

The main financial risks to which the Group's activities are exposed are liquidity and fluctuations on foreign currency. The Group's overall risk management programme focuses on the unpredictability of financial markets and seeks to minimise potential adverse effects on the Group's financial performance.

Risk management is carried out by the Board of Directors under policies approved at the quarterly Board meetings. The Board frequently discusses principles for overall risk management including policies for specific areas such as foreign exchange.

(a) Liquidity and related market risks

In keeping with similar sized mineral exploration groups, the Group's continued future operations depend on the ability to raise sufficient working capital through the issue of equity share capital. The Group monitors its cash and future funding requirements through the use of cash flow forecasts.

All cash, with the exception of that required for immediate working capital requirements, is held on short-term deposit.

(b) Foreign currency risks

The Group operates internationally and is exposed to foreign exchange risk arising from various currency exposures, primarily with respect to the Brazilian Real, US Dollar and the UK pound.

Foreign exchange risk arises from future commercial transactions, recognised assets and liabilities and net investments in foreign operations that are denominated in a foreign currency. The Group holds a proportion of its cash in US Dollars and Brazilian Reals to hedge its exposure to foreign currency fluctuations and recognises the profits and losses resulting from currency fluctuations as and when they arise. The volume of transactions is not deemed sufficient to enter into forward contracts.

At 31 December 2013, if the US Dollar had weakened/strengthened by 5% against Pound Sterling and Brazilian Real with all other variables held constant, post tax loss for the year would have been approximately £58,809/£56,009 higher/lower mainly as a result of foreign exchange losses/gains on translation of US Dollar denominated bank balances.

(c) Interest rate risk

As the Group has no borrowings, it is not exposed to interest rate risk on financial liabilities. The Group's interest rate risk arises from its cash held on short-term deposit for which the Directors use a mixture of fixed and variable rate deposits. As a result fluctuations in interest rates are not expected to have a significant impact on profit or loss or equity.

(d) Price risk

The Group is exposed to commodity price risk as a result of its operations. However, given the size and stage of the Group's operations, the costs of managing exposure to commodity price risk exceed any potential benefits. The Directors will revisit the appropriateness of this policy should the Group's operations change in size or nature. The Group's listed equity securities are susceptible to price risk arising from uncertainties about future values of the securities.

(e) Credit risk

Credit risk arises from cash and cash equivalents as well as exposure to joint venture partners including outstanding receivables. The Group maintains cash and short-term deposits with a variety of credit worthy financial institutions and considers the credit ratings of these institutions before investing in order to mitigate against the associated credit risk. Management does not expect any losses from non-performance by joint venture partners.

No debt finance has been utilised and if required this is subject to pre-approval by the Board of Directors. The amount of exposure to any individual counter party is subject to a limit, which is assessed by the Board.

3.2 Capital risk management

The Group's objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Group's ability to continue as a going concern, in order to provide returns for shareholders and to enable the Group to continue its exploration and evaluation activities. The Group has no debt at 31 December 2013 and defines capital based on the total equity of the Company. The Group monitors its level of cash resources available against future planned exploration and evaluation activities and may issue new shares in order to raise further funds from time to time.

As indicated above, the Group holds cash reserves on deposit at several banks and in different currencies until they are required and in order to match where possible with the corresponding liabilities in that currency.

3.3 Fair value estimation

The carrying values of trade receivables and payables are assumed to be approximate to their fair values, due to their short-term nature. The fair value of contingent consideration is estimated by discounting the future contractual cash flows at the Group's current cost of capital of 7% based on the interest rate available to the Group for a similar financial instrument. As this is an observable input all fair value estimates fall within level 2.

4 Critical accounting estimates and judgements

The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with IFRSs requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the end of the reporting period and the reported amount of expenses during the year. Actual results may vary from the estimates used to produce these Financial Statements.

Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.

Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to:

4.1 Impairment of exploration and evaluation costs

Exploration and evaluation costs have a carrying value at 31 December 2013 of £19,754,559 (2012: £20,074,974). Management tests annually whether exploration projects have future economic value in accordance with the accounting policy stated in note 2.5. Each exploration project is subject to an annual review by either a consultant or senior company geologist to determine if the exploration results returned to date warrant further exploration expenditure and have the potential to result in an economic discovery. This review takes into consideration long-term metal prices, anticipated resource volumes and grades, permitting and infrastructure. In the event that a project does not represent an economic exploration target and results indicate there is no additional upside, a decision will be made to discontinue exploration. The Directors have reviewed the estimated value of each project prepared by management and consider a full impairment charge necessary for the El Aguila Project of £738,103 (2012: £nil) and the Falcao Project as at 31 December 2013 of £310,179 (2012: £nil). In 2012 the Tangara Project was fully impaired, with a charge to the Income Statement of £639,505.

4.2 Estimated impairment of goodwill

Goodwill has a carrying value at 31 December 2013 of £287,378 (2012: £342,765). The Group tests annually whether goodwill has suffered any impairment, in accordance with the accounting policy stated in note 2.5.

Management has concluded that there is no impairment charge necessary to the carrying value of goodwill. See also note 10 to the Financial Statements.

4.3 Contingent consideration

Contingent consideration has a carrying value of £2,477,310 at 31 December 2013 (2012: £2,359,112). The contingent consideration arrangement requires the Group to pay the former owners of Teck Cominco Brasil S.A (subsequently renamed Araguaia Niquel MineraÇÃo Ltda) 50% of the tax effect on utilisation of the tax losses existing in Teck Cominco Brasil S.A at the date of acquisition. Under the terms of the acquisition agreement, tax losses that existed at the date of acquisition and which are subsequently utilised in a period greater than 10 years from that date are not subject to the contingent consideration arrangement.

The fair value of this potential consideration has been determined using the operating and financial assumptions in the cash flow model derived from the Preliminary Economic Assessment published by the Company in August 2012 in order to calculate the ability to utilise the acquired tax losses, together with the timing of their utilisation. The Group has used discounted cash flow analysis to determine when it is anticipated that the tax losses will be utilised and any potential contingent consideration paid. These cash flows could be affected by upward or downward movements in several factors to include commodity prices, operating costs, capital expenditure, production levels, grades, recoveries and interest rates.

The carrying value of contingent consideration would not be affected were the operating cash flows to vary by as much as 50% from management's estimates, as the tax losses are utilised in the first year of operations in either case.

4.4 Current and deferred taxation

The Group is subject to income taxes in numerous jurisdictions. Judgment is required in determining the worldwide provision for such taxes. The Group recognises liabilities for anticipated tax issues based on estimates of whether additional taxes will be due. Where the final tax outcome of these matters is different from the amounts that were initially recorded, such differences will affect the current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities in the period in which such determination is made.

Deferred tax liabilities have been recognised on the fair value gains in exploration assets arising on the acquisitions of Araguaia Niquel MineraÇÃo Ltda (formerly Teck Cominco Brasil S.A) and Lontra Empreendimentos e ParticipaÇÕes Ltda. A deferred tax asset has been recognised on acquisition of Araguaia Niquel MineraÇÃo Ltda for the utilisation of the available tax losses acquired. Should the actual final outcome regarding the utilisation of these losses be different from management's estimations, the Group may need to revise the carrying value of this asset.

4.5 Share-based payment transactions

The Group has made awards of options and warrants over its unissued share capital to certain Directors and employees as part of their remuneration package.

The valuation of these options and warrants involves making a number of critical estimates relating to price volatility, future dividend yields, expected life of the options and forfeiture rates. These assumptions have been described in more detail in note 17.

Were the actual number of options that vest to differ by 10% from management's estimates the overall option charge would increase/ decrease by £77,813.

4.6 Other areas

Other estimates include but are not limited to employee benefit liabilities; future cash flows associated with assets; useful lives for depreciation and fair value of financial instruments.

5 Segmental reporting

The Group operates principally in the UK and Brazil, with operations managed on a project by project basis within each geographical area. Activities in the UK are mainly administrative in nature whilst the activities in Brazil relate to exploration and evaluation work. The reports used by the chief operating decision-maker are based on these geographical segments.

2013UK

2013

£
Brazil

2013

£
Other

2013

£
Total

2013

£
Administrative expenses (740,090)(498,874)(21,640)(1,260,604)
Loss on foreign exchange (59,916)(89,283)—(149,199)
Project and fixed asset impairment —(295,137)(738,103)(1,033,240)
Other operating income ————
Loss from operations per reportable segment  (800,006)  (883,294)(759,743)(2,443,043)
Inter segment revenues —511,76665,740577,506
Depreciation charges (2,869)(1,501)—(4,370)
Additions to non-current assets —(4,241,762)—(4,241,762)
Reportable segment assets 3,342,399 25,354,6092,75028,699,758
Reportable segment liabilities 2,544,0422,416,813—4,960,855


2012 UK

2012

£
Brazil

2012

£
Other

2012

£
Total

2012

£
Administrative expenses (1,124,892) (592,830) (23,662) (1,741,384)
Loss on foreign exchange (79,976) (101,642) — (181,618)
Project and fixed asset impairment — (700,397) — (700,397)
Other operating income 111,980 13,249 — 125,229
Loss from operations per reportable segment (1,092,888) (1,381,620) (23,662) (2,498,170)
Inter segment revenues — 377,533 65,486 443,019
Depreciation charges 2,232 3,067 — 5,299
Additions to non-current assets — 4,299,376 — 4,299,376
Reportable segment assets 6,377,678 25,798,664 825,669 33,002,011
Reportable segment liabilities 2,458,669 2,987,550 — 5,446,219



Inter segment revenues are calculated and recorded in accordance with the underlying intra group service agreements.

A reconciliation of adjusted loss from operations per reportable segment to loss before tax is provided as follows:

  2013

£
2012

£
Loss from operations per reportable segment (2,443,043) (2,498,170)
Changes in fair value of contingent consideration (refer note 18) 46,940 545,439
Charge for share options granted (171,277) (321,400)
Toronto Stock Exchange Listing and compliance costs (28,154) (114,426)
Finance income 47,451 88,262
Finance costs (165,138) (189,186)
Loss for the year from continuing operations (2,713,221) (2,489,481)



6 Other operating income

Group 2013

£
2012

£
Project management fees — 98,986
Gain on sale of property, plant and equipment — 13,249
Other option fees — 12,994
  — 125,229



Other option fees in 2012 relate to non-refundable payments made for the right to first refusal on the purchase of one of the Group's exploration projects.

7 Operating loss

Loss from operations is stated after charging the following:

Group 2013

£
2012

£
Depreciation 4,370 5,299
Project and fixed asset impairment 1,033,240 700,397
Auditors' remuneration    
- Fees payable for the audit of Parent and consolidated financial statements 30,000 30,000
- Fees payable for audit related assurance services 7,500 13,603
- Fees payable for tax compliance 2,400 2,097
Operating lease charges 92,773 60,777



Project and fixed asset impairment costs in 2013 of £1,033,240 consist of the impairment charge on intangible assets attributable to the El Aguila and Falcao projects (refer note 10) of £738,103 and £310,179 respectively. A receipt of £15,042 (US$25,000) in connection with the signing of a purchase and sale agreement for the Falcao project in December 2013 was netted off against the impairment of that project so that the net impact on profit or loss of the impairment of Falcao amounted to £295,037 (see note 10 Intangible Assets). Project and fixed asset impairment costs of in 2012 of £700,397 consist of the impairment charge on intangible assets attributable to the Tangara project (refer note 10) of £639,505 and the cost of an option over a licence which was acquired and lapsed in that year of £60,892.

8 Finance income and costs

Group 2013

£
2012

£
Finance income: 47,451 88,262
- Interest income on cash and short-term bank deposits    
Finance costs: (165,138) (189,186)
- Contingent consideration: unwinding of discount    
Net finance costs(117,687) (100,924)



9 Taxation

Income tax expense

Group 2013

£
2012

£
Analysis of tax charge    
Current tax charge    
- UK Corporation tax charge for the year — —
- Foreign tax — —
Current tax charge for the year — —
Deferred tax charge for the year — —
Tax on profit/(loss) for the year— —



Reconciliation of current tax

Group 2013

£
2012

£
Loss before income tax (2,713,221) (2,489,481)
Current tax at 23.1% (2012: 28.6%) (626,754) (725,159)
Effects of:    
Expenses not deducted for tax purposes 370,226 416,749
Tax losses carried forward for which no deferred income tax asset was

recognised - UK
207,143 301,371
Tax losses carried forward for which no deferred income tax asset was

recognised - Brazil and Peru
49,385 7,039
Total tax — —



No tax charge or credit arises on the loss for the year.

The weighted average applicable tax rate of 23.1% used is a combination of the 23.25% effective standard rate of corporation tax in the UK, 34% Brazilian corporation tax and 30% Peruvian corporation tax. During 2013 the Brazil registered subsidiaries elected to adopt the Actual Profit system to determine income tax, as opposed to the prior year where as during 2012, they adopted the Presumed Income method. As a result the losses incurred during the current year are eligible for tax purposes.

Deferred income tax

An analysis of deferred tax assets and liabilities is set out below.

Group 2013

£
2012

£
Deferred tax assets    
- Deferred tax asset to be recovered after more than 12 months 5,373,634 6,308,978
  5,373,634 6,308,978
Deferred tax liabilities    
- Deferred tax liability to be recovered after more than 12 months (2,335,492) (2,742,012)
  (2,335,492) (2,742,012)
Deferred tax asset (net)3,038,142 3,566,966



The gross movement on the deferred income tax account is as follows:

Group 2013

£
2012

£
At 1 January3,566,966 4,095,339
Exchange differences (528,824) (528,373)
At 31 December3,038,142 3,566,966



The movement in deferred income tax assets and liabilities during the year, without taking into consideration the offsetting of balances within the same tax jurisdiction, is as follows:

Group Deferred tax

liabilities

Fair value gains

£
Deferred tax

assets

Tax Losses

£
Total

£
At 1 January 2012 (3,148,185) 7,243,524 4,095,339
Exchange differences 406,173 (934,546) (528,373)
At 31 December 2012 (2,742,012) 6,308,978 3,566,966
Exchange differences 406,520 (935,344) (528,824)
At 31 December 2013(2,335,492)5,373,6343,038,142



Deferred tax assets are recognised on tax losses carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through future taxable profits is probable.

The Group has tax losses of approximately £17,750,903 (2012: £18,479,270) in Brazil and excess management charges of approximately £2,387,000 (2012: £2,199,000) in the UK available to carry forward against future taxable profits. With the exception of the deferred tax asset arising on acquisition of Araguaia Niquel MineraÇÃo Ltda (formerly Teck Cominco Brasil S.A.) in 2011, no deferred tax asset has been recognised in respect of tax losses because of uncertainty over the timing of future taxable profits against which the losses may be offset.

10 Intangible assets

Intangible assets comprise exploration and evaluation costs and goodwill. Exploration and evaluation costs comprise acquired and internally generated assets. Additions are net of funds received from the Group's strategic partners under various former joint venture agreements, amounting to £nil (2012: £1,056,131).

Group Goodwill

£
Exploration and

evaluation costs

£
Total

£
Cost      
At 1 January 2012 387,378 18,968,079 19,355,457
Additions - internally generated — 2,921,704 2,921,704
Additions - acquired — 1,275,000 1,275,000
Impairments — (639,505) (639,505)
Exchange rate movements (44,613) (2,450,304) (2,494,917)
At 31 December 2012 342,765 20,074,974 20,417,739
Additions - internally generated — 4,241,762 4,241,762
Impairments — (1,048,282) (1,048,282)
Exchange rate movements (55,387) (3,513,895) (3,569,282)
Net book amount at 31 December 2013287,37819,754,55920,041,937



Impairment charges in 2013 of £1,048,282 were included in profit or loss as the intangible assets attributable to El Aguila and Falcao were written off following suspension of exploration activities at El Aguila and termination of the Falcao joint venture with AngloGold Ashanti plc.

Following the termination of the joint venture last year with Troy Resources concerning the Tangara project, the Directors considered that a full impairment was appropriate and as a result an impairment charge to exploration and evaluation assets arose in 2012 of £639,505. The charge was included in profit or loss.

In December 2013 the Company signed a sale and purchase agreement with Falcao Mineradora Ltda, a Brazilian company. 25,000 US Dollars (£15,042) was paid upon signature and offset against the £310,179 impairment charge in the year for Falcao. Further consideration of 140,000 US Dollars shall be paid to the Company in the event that the Final Exploration Report for the Falcao project is accepted by the Brazilian Department of Mines ('DNPM').

(a) Exploration and evaluation assets

Additions to exploration and evaluation assets are stated net of funds received from the Group's various joint venture partners in accordance with the terms of those agreements.

Impairment reviews for exploration and evaluation assets are carried out either on a project by project basis or by geographical area. The Group's exploration and evaluation projects are at various stages of exploration and development and are therefore subject to a variety of valuation techniques.

An operating segment-level summary of exploration and evaluation assets is presented below.

Group 2013

£
2012

£
Brazil - Araguaia/Lontra/Vila Oito and Floresta 19,697,507 18,819,797
Brazil - Other 57,052 431,153
Peru - El Aguila— 824,024
  19,754,559 20,074,974



The adjacent Araguaia/Lontra/Vila Oito and Floresta exploration sites ('the Araguaia Project') comprise a resource of a sufficient size and scale to allow the Company to create a significant single nickel project. For this reason, at the current stage of development, these two projects are viewed and assessed for impairment by management as a single cash generating unit.

In August 2013 a Canadian NI 43 101 compliant Preliminary Economic Assessment ('PEA') was published by the Company regarding the Araguaia Project. The financial results and conclusions of the PEA clearly indicate the economic viability of the Araguaia Project. The Directors undertook an assessment of impairment through evaluating the results of the PEA and judged that no impairment was required with regards to the Araguaia Project.

Sensitivity to changes in assumptions

For the base case NPV8 of the Araguaia project of US$693 million as per the PEA to be reduced to the book value of the Araguaia project as at 31 December 2013, the discount rate applied to the cash flow model would need to be increased from 8% to 15%, or the assumed long-term real nickel price of US$19,000 per tonne would need to be reduced to approximately US$14,700 per tonne.

Other early stage exploration projects in Brazil are at an early stage of development and no JORC/Canadian NI 43-101 or non-JORC/ Canadian NI 43-101 compliant resource estimates are available to enable value in use calculations to be prepared. The Directors therefore undertook an assessment of the following areas and circumstances which could indicate impairment:

• The Group's right to explore in an area has expired, or will expire in the near future without renewal.



• No further exploration or evaluation is planned or budgeted for, whether by the Company directly or through a joint venture agreement.



• A decision has been taken by the Board to discontinue exploration and evaluation in an area due to the absence of a commercial level of reserves.



• Sufficient data exists to indicate that the book value will not be fully recovered from future development and production.

(b) Goodwill

Goodwill arose on the acquisition of Lontra Empreendimentos e ParticipaÇÕes Ltda in 2011. The Directors have determined the recoverable amount of goodwill based on the same assumptions used for the assessment of the Lontra exploration project detailed above. As a result of this assessment, the Directors have concluded that no impairment charge is necessary against the carrying value of goodwill.

11 Property, plant and equipment

Group Vehicles and

other field

equipment

£
Office

equipment

£
Total

£
Cost      
At 1 January 2012 238,378 3,254 241,632
Additions 95,293 7,379 102,672
Disposals (31,377) — (31,377)
Foreign exchange movements (30,412) — (30,412)
At 31 December 2012 271,882 10,633 282,515
Additions 94,574 5,463 100,037
Disposals (165,590) — (165,590)
Foreign exchange movements (39,796) (921) (40,717)
At 31 December 2013161,07015,175176,245
Accumulated depreciation      
At 1 January 2012 101,111 1,257 102,368
Charge for the year 78,571 964 79,535
Disposals (27,953) — (27,953)
Foreign exchange movements (16,999) — (16,999)
At 31 December 2012 134,730 2,221 136,951
Charge for the year 81,489 2,990 84,479
Disposals (132,555) — (132,555)
Foreign exchange movements (19,903) (178) (20,081)
At 31 December 201363,7615,03368,794
Net book amount as at 31 December 201397,30910,142107,451
Net book amount as at 31 December 2012 137,152 8,412 145,564



Depreciation charges of £80,109 (2012: £73,664) have been capitalised and included within intangible exploration and evaluation asset additions for the year. Charges of £Nil (2012: £572) have also been offset against the Anglo Gold spend on Falcao included within 'Trade and other payables'. The remaining depreciation expense for the year ended 31 December 2013 of £4,370 (2012: £5,299) has been charged in 'administrative expenses' under 'Depreciation'.

Vehicles and other field equipment include the following amounts used to perform exploration activities:

  2013

£
2012

£
Cost 161,070 267,844
Accumulated depreciation (63,761) (130,057)
Net book amount 97,309 137,787



Company   Field

equipment

£
Office

equipment

£
Total

£
Cost        
At 1 January 2012   4,208 3,254 7,462
Additions   — 1,599 1,599
Disposals   — — —
At 31 December 2012   4,208 4,853 9,061
Additions   — 2,550 2,550
Disposals   — — —
At 31 December 2013   4,2087,40311,611
Accumulated depreciation        
At 1 January 2012   116 1,257 1,373
Charge for the year   1,389 844 2,223
Disposals   — — —
At 31 December 2012   1,505 2,101 3,606
Charge for the year   1,389 1,479 2,868
Disposals   — — —
At 31 December 2013   2,8943,5806,474
Net book amount as at 31 December 2013   1,3143,8235,137
Net book amount as at 31 December 2012   2,703 2,752 5,455



12 Trade and other receivables

  Group   Company
  2013

£
2012

£
  2013

£
2012

£
Other receivables 62,127 44,842   12,035 25,742
Current portion 62,127 44,842   12,035 25,742



Trade and other receivables are all due within one year. The fair value of all receivables is the same as their carrying values stated above.

The carrying amounts of the Group and Company's trade and other receivables are denominated in the following currencies:

  Group   Company
  2013

£
2012

£
  2013

£
2012

£
Brazilian Real 12,898 19,030   — —
UK Pound 49,229 25,812   12,035 25,742
US Dollar — —   — —
  62,127 44,842   12,035 25,742



As of 31 December 2013 the Group's and Company's other receivables of £62,127 (2012: £44,842) were fully performing.

The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date is the carrying value of each class of receivable mentioned above. The Group and Company do not hold any collateral as security.

13 Other financial assets

  Group   Company
  2013

£
2012

£
  2013

£
2012

£
Available for sale investments          
Quoted equity shares 22,729 197,714   — —
Total Current 22,729 197,714   — —



The Group has investments in listed equity shares. The fair of these equity shares is determined by reference to published price quotations in an active market. The Group purchased listed equity shares of £nil (2012: £253,005). Total losses recognised in other comprehensive income and fully attributable to Level 1 financial assets were £174,985 (2012: £55,291).

Fair value hierarchy

The Group uses the following hierarchy for determining and disclosing the fair value of financial instruments by valuation technique:

Level 1: quoted (unadjusted) prices in active markets for identical assets.
Level 2: other techniques for which all inputs that have a significant effect on the recorded fair value are observable, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3: techniques that use inputs that have a significant effect on the recorded fair value that are not based on observable market data.



As at 31 December 2013 all other financial assets carried at fair value in the Statement of Financial Position are categorised under Level 1 and denominated in Canadian Dollars.

14 Cash and cash equivalents

  Group   Company
  2013

£
2012

£
  2013

£
2012

£
Cash at bank and on hand 1,602,206 2,589,759   1,266,694 1,857,571
Short-term deposits 1,489,674 3,297,415   1,489,674 3,297,415
  3,091,880 5,887,174   2,756,368 5,154,986


The Group's cash at bank and short-term deposits are held with institutions with the following credit ratings (Fitch):

  Group   Company
  2013

£
2012

£
  2013

£
2012

£
A 1,490,199 3,240,254   1,266,694 2,591,228
BBB- 1,601,681 2,646,920   1,489,674 2,563,758
  3,091,880 5,887,174   2,756,368 5,154,986



15 Share capital

Group and Company 2013

Number
2013

£
2012

Number
2012

£
Issued and fully paid        
Ordinary shares of 1p each        
At 1 January 360,046,1703,600,462 279,559,980 2,795,600
Issue of ordinary shares 41,093,327410,933 80,486,190 804,862
At 31 December 401,139,4974,011,395 360,046,170 3,600,462



On 7 February 2012, 8,500,000 shares were issued to Lara Exploration Ltd in consideration for the Acquisition of the Vila Oito and Floresta licences, both located in the vicinity of Araguaia.

On 13 June 2012, 71,986,190 ordinary shares of 1p each were issued fully paid for cash consideration at 7.25 pence per share to raise £5.2 million before expenses.

On 11 June 2013, 41,093,327 ordinary shares of 1p each were issued fully paid for cash consideration at 7.5 pence per share to raise £3.1 million before expenses.

16 Share premium

Group and Company 2013

£
2012

£
At 1 January 24,384,527 18,772,797
Premium arising on issue of ordinary shares 2,671,066 5,710,387
Issue costs (57,595) (98,657)
At 31 December 26,997,998 24,384,527



17 Share-based payments

The Directors have discretion to grant options to the Group employees to subscribe for Ordinary shares up to a maximum of 10% of the Company's issued share capital. The options are exercisable two years from the date of grant and lapse on the tenth anniversary of the date of grant or the holder ceasing to be an employee of the Group. Neither the Company nor the Group has any legal or constructive obligation to settle or repurchase the options in cash.

Movements on number of share options and their related exercise price are as follows:

  Number of

options

2013

£
Weighted

average

exercise

price

2013

£
Number of

options

2012

£
Weighted

average

exercise

price

2012

£
Outstanding at 1 January 26,730,0000.138 27,380,000 0.147
Forfeited (870,000)0.154 (4,150,000) 0.154
Granted —— 3,500,000 0.154
Outstanding at 31 December 25,860,0000.148 26,730,000 0.147
Exercisable at 31 December 22,360,0000.147 11,900,000 0.138



The options outstanding at 31 December 2013 had a weighted average remaining contractual life of 7.55 years (2012: 8.38 years).

No options were granted in 2013.

The fair value of the share options was determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model.

The parameters used are detailed below.

Group and Company 2012

options
2011

options
2010

options
2009

options
Date of grant or reissue 24/09/201221/09/201117/11/201025/09/2009
Weighted average share price 9.43 pence13.94 pence14.0 pence8.00 pence
Weighted average exercise price 15.40 pence15.40 pence15.50 pence9.5 pence
Expiry date 24/09/202221/09/202117/11/202001/09/2019
Options granted 3,500,000 14,380,000 10,100,000 4,050,000
Volatility 14.2% 17% 17% 50%
Dividend yield Nil Nil Nil Nil
Option life 10 years 10 years 10 years 10 years
Annual risk free interest rate 2.50% 2.50% 2.50% 3.3%
Forfeiture discount ————
Marketability discount 5% 5% 5% 5%
Total fair value of options granted £29,315£404,832£313,228£107,932



The expected volatility is based on historical volatility for the six months prior to the date of grant. The risk free rate of return is based on zero yield government bonds for a term consistent with the option life.

The range of option exercise prices is as follows:

Range of exercise prices

(£)
2013

Weighted

average

exercise

price

(£)
2013

Number of

shares
2013

Weighted

average

remaining

life

expected

(years)
2013

Weighted

average

remaining

life

contracted

(years)
2012

Weighted

average

exercise

price

(£)
2012

Number of

shares
2012

Weighted

average

remaining

life

expected

(years)
2012

Weighted

average

remaining

life

contracted

(years)
0-0.1 0.0952,850,0004.06.0 0.095 3,400,000 4.9 6.9
0.1-0.2 0.13323,010,0006.67.6 0.154 23,330,000 6.5 8.3



18 Other reserves

  Available for sale Merger Translation Other  
  reserve reserve reserve reserve Total
Group £ £ £ £ £
At 1 January 2012 — 10,888,760 (1,307,376) (1,048,100) 8,533,284
Other comprehensive income (55,291) — — — (55,291)
Currency translation differences — — (3,039,094) — (3,039,094)
At 31 December 2012 (55,291) 10,888,760 (4,346,470) (1,048,100) 5,438,899
Other comprehensive income (174,985) — — — (174,985)
Currency translation differences — — (4,124,364) — (4,124,364)
At 31 December 2013(230,276)10,888,760(8,470,834)(1,048,100)1,139,550



Company Merger

reserve

£
Total

£
At 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2012 10,888,760 10,888,760
At 31 December 201310,888,76010,888,760



The other reserve as at 31 December 2013 arose on consolidation as a result of merger accounting for the acquisition of the entire issued share capital of Horizonte Exploration Limited during 2006 and represents the difference between the value of the share capital and premium issued for the acquisition and that of the acquired share capital and premium of Horizonte Exploration Limited.

Currency translation differences relate to the translation of Group entities that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency (refer note 2.8(c)).

19 Trade and other payables

  Group   Company
  2013 2012   2013 2012
  £ £   £ £
Non-current          
Contingent consideration 2,477,310 2,359,112   2,477,310 2,359,112
  2,477,310 2,359,112   2,477,310 2,359,112
Current          
Trade and other payables 11,632 94,841   6,203 120,167
Amounts due to related parties (refer note 22) — —   413,930 458,610
Social security and other taxes 28,322 43,087   13,000 12,899
Accrued expenses 108,099 207,167   42,100 62,881
  148,053 345,095   475,233 654,557
Total trade and other payables 2,625,363 2,704,207   2,952,543 3,013,669



Trade and other payables includes £nil (2012: £48,704) of cash advanced by AngloGold Ashanti Holdings plc under the Exploration Alliance and the FalcÃo Joint Venture.

Trade and other payables include amounts due of £72,694 (2012: £71,604) in relation to exploration and evaluation activities.

Contingent consideration

The fair value of the potential contingent consideration arrangement was estimated at the acquisition date according to when future taxable profits against which the tax losses may be utilised were anticipated to arise. The fair value estimates were based on the current rates of tax on profits in Brazil of 34%. A discount factor of 7.0% was applied to the future dates at which the tax losses will be utilised and consideration paid.

As at 31 December 2013, there was a finance expense of £165,138 (2012: £189,186) recognised in finance costs within the statement of comprehensive income in respect of the contingent consideration arrangement, as the discount applied to the contingent consideration at the date of acquisition was unwound.

At 31 December 2012, Management reassessed the fair value of the potential contingent consideration in accordance with the Group accounting policy. The cash flow model used to estimate the contingent consideration was adjusted, to take into account changed assumptions in the timing of cash flows as derived from the Preliminary Economic Assessment as published by the Company in August 2012. The key assumptions underlying the cash flow model are unchanged as at 31 December 2013. The change in the fair value of contingent consideration has generated a credit to profit or loss of £46,940 for the year ended 31 December 2013 due to exchange rate changes in the functional currency in which the liability is payable. During 2012, the change in fair value of £545,439 was due to exchange rate changes as well as Management's assumptions.

20 Dividends

No dividend has been declared or paid by the Company during the year ended 31 December 2013 (2012: nil).

21 Earnings per share

(a) Basic

The basic loss per share of 0.709p (2012 loss per share: 0.762p) is calculated by dividing the loss attributable to equity holders of the Company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year.

  2013 2012
Group £ £
Loss attributable to equity holders of the Company (2,713,221) (2,489,481)
Weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue 382,737,815 326,725,469



(b) Diluted

The basic and diluted earnings per share for the years ended 31 December 2013 and 31 December 2012 are the same as the effect of the exercise of share options would be anti-dilutive.

Details of share options that could potentially dilute earnings per share in future periods are set out in note 17.

22 Related party transactions

The following transactions took place with subsidiaries in the year:

A fee totalling £183,241 (2012: £157,795) was charged to HM do Brazil Ltda, £65,740 (2012: £65,486) to Minera El Aguila SAC and £368,344 (2012: £219,738) to Araguaia Niquel MineraÇÃo Ltda and £nil (2012: £nil) to Brazil Mineral Holdings Ltd by Horizonte Minerals Plc in respect of consultancy services provided and funding costs. The balance due from HM do Brasil Ltda of £554,372, from Minera El Aguila SAC of £1,283,978, from HM Brazil (IOM) Ltd of £2,000,000, to PMA Geoquimica Ltda of £111,016 and from Brazil Mineral Holdings Ltd of £536,867 were impaired through profit or loss during 2013. The balance due from Mineira Cotahusi SAC of £17,730 was written off to profit or loss during 2012.

Amounts totalling £3,828,388 (2012: £4,031,256) were lent to HM Brazil (IOM) Ltd, HM do Brasil Ltda, Araguaia Niquel MineraÇao Ltda, PMA Geoquimica Ltda, Minera El Aguila SAC and Minera El Cotahuasi SAC to finance exploration work during 2013, by Horizonte Minerals Plc. Interest is charged at an annual rate of 4% on balances outstanding during the year.

Balances with subsidiaries at the year end were:

  20132013 2012 2012
  AssetsLiabilities Assets Liabilities
Company ££ £ £
HM do Brasil Ltda —— 160,460 —
PMA Geoquimica Ltda —— — 44,680
Minera El Aguila SAC —— 1,325,769 —
Minera El Cotahuasi SAC —— — —
HM Brazil (IOM) Ltd4,078,148— 5,944,359 —
Horizonte Nickel (IOM) Ltd25,158,763— 21,150,454 —
Araguaia Niquel MineraÇÃo Ltda 2,687,382— 2,049,946 —
Brazil Mineral Holdings Ltd—— 124,327 —
Horizonte Minerals (IOM) Ltd253,004— 253,004 —
Horizonte Exploration Ltd—413,930 — 413,930
Total 32,177,297413,930 31,008,319 458,610



All Group transactions were eliminated on consolidation.

On 11 June 2013, 41,093,327 ordinary shares of 1p each were issued fully paid for cash consideration at 7.5 pence per share to raise £3.1 million before expenses. As part of this private placement, Teck Resources Limited subscribed for 20,000,000 shares representing 48.7 percent of the placing and Henderson Global Investors subscribed for 12,133,329 shares, representing 29.5 percent of the placing. By reason of their existing shareholdings in the Company, the participation of Teck Resources Limited and Henderson Global Investors in the private placement each constitute a related party transaction under AIM Rule 13 of the AIM Rules for Companies.

On 27 June 2013 the Company signed an agreement for an £8 million Equity Financing Facility ('EFF') with Darwin Strategic Limited ('Darwin'), a majority owned subsidiary of Henderson Global Investors' Volantis Capital. The EFF agreement with Darwin provides Horizonte Minerals with an equity line facility which, subject to certain conditions and restrictions, can be drawn on any time over 36 months. The floor subscription price in relation to each draw down is set at the discretion of the Company. Horizonte Minerals is under no obligation to make a draw down and there are no penalty fees if the Company does not use the facility.

On 13 June 2012, 71,186,190 ordinary shares of 1p each were issued fully paid for cash consideration at 7.25 pence per share to raise £5.2 million before expenses. As part of this private placement, Teck Resources Limited subscribed for 27,293,747 shares representing 37.9 percent of the placing.

23 Ultimate controlling party

The Directors believe there to be no ultimate controlling party.

24 Expenses by nature

  2013 2012
Group £ £
Staff costs 228,505 696,860
Indemnity for loss of office 77,847 55,709
Transaction costs (excluding staff costs) — 118,816
Exploration related costs expensed (excluding staff costs) 188,438 243,399
Share-based payments 171,277 321,400
Depreciation (note 11) 4,370 5,299
Loss on foreign exchange 149,199 181,618
Change in fair value of contingent consideration (46,940) (545,439)
Project impairments 1,033,240 700,397
Toronto Stock Exchange listing and compliance costs 28,154 114,426
Other expenses 761,444 621,301
Total operating expenses 2,595,534 2,513,786



25 Directors' remuneration

      Discretionary  
  Basic salary Other performance  
  and fees benefits related bonus Total
Group 2013 £ £ £ £
Non-Executive Directors        
Alexander Christopher————
David Hall47,870——47,870
William Fisher24,000——24,000
Allan Walker24,000——24,000
Owen Bavinton24,000——24,000
Executive Directors        
Jeremy Martin146,00045,754—191,754
  265,87045,754—311,624



      Discretionary  
  Basic salary Other performance  
  and fees benefits related bonus Total
Group 2012 £ £ £ £
Non-Executive Directors        
Alexander Christopher————
David Hall 71,454 — 17,500 88,954
William Fisher 24,000 —— 24,000
Allan Walker 23,000 —— 23,000
Owen Bavinton 23,011 —— 23,011
Executive Directors        
Jeremy Martin 145,625 38,827 40,000 224,452
  287,090 38,827 57,500 383,417



The Company does not operate a pension scheme. Included in other benefits for the year of £45,754 (2012: £38,827) are contributions to a Defined Contribution pension plan held by Mr Jeremy Martin of £44,313 (2012: £37,561).

26 Employee benefit expense (including directors)

  2013 2012
Group £ £
Wages and salaries 999,956 1,204,957
Social security costs 286,990 299,627
Indemnity for loss of office 77,847 55,709
Share options granted to Directors and employees (note 17) 171,277 321,400
  1,536,070 1,881,693
Average number of employees including Directors 43 53



Employee benefit expenses includes £1,058,441 (2012: £614,497) of costs capitalised and included within intangible non-current assets. In 2013 no employee benefit expenses have been reimbursed by joint venture partners (2012: £185,678).

Share options granted include costs of £101,918 (2012: £234,499) relating to Directors.

27 Investments

  2013 2012
Company £ £
Shares in Group undertakings 2,348,042 2,348,044
Loans to Group undertakings 32,177,297 31,008,319
  34,525,339 33,356,363



Investments in Group undertakings are stated at cost.

On 23 March 2006 the Company acquired the entire issued share capital of Horizonte Exploration Limited by means of a share for share exchange; the consideration for the acquisition was 21,841,000 ordinary shares of 1 penny each, issued at a premium of 9 pence per share. The difference between the total consideration and the assets acquired has been credited to other reserves.

28 Commitments

Operating lease commitments

The Group leases office premises under cancellable and non-cancellable operating lease agreements. The cancellable lease terms are up to two years and are renewable at the end of the lease period at market rate. The leases can be cancelled by payment of up to three months rental as a cancellation fee. The lease payments charged to profit or loss during the year are disclosed in note 7.

The future aggregate minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases are as follows:

  2013 2012
Group £ £
Not later than one year 9,849 24,669
Later than one year and no later than five years ——
Total 9,849 24,669



Capital Commitments

Capital expenditure contracted for at the end of the reporting period but not yet incurred is as follows:

  2013 2012
Group £ £
Intangible assets 421,051 847,006



Capital commitments relate to contractual commitments for metallurgical, economic and environmental evaluations by third parties. Once incurred these costs will be capitalised as intangible exploration asset additions.

Other Commitments

On 12 January 2012 the Company signed an option agreement with Anglo Pacific Group plc ('Anglo Pacific') for a future Net Smelter Royalty. If Anglo chooses to exercise the option, which is exercisable upon completion of a Pre-Feasibility Study on the site, it will pay Horizonte US$12.5 million and shall receive a NSR. The NSR will be at a rate of 1.5% of nickel revenue produced up to 30,000 tonnes per annum, reduced by 0.02% for every 1,000 tonnes per annum above this rate. The rate will be fixed at a minimum rate of 1.1% for production of 50,000 tonnes per annum and above.

29 Contingencies

The Group has received a claim from various trade union organisations in Brazil regarding outstanding membership fees due in relation to various subsidiaries within the Group. Some of these claims relate to periods prior to the acquisition of the relevant subsidiary and would be covered by warrantees granted by the previous owners at the date of sale. The Directors are confident that no amounts are due in relation to these proposed membership fees and that the claim will be unsuccessful. As a result, no provision has been made in the financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2013 for amounts claimed. Should the claim be successful the maximum amount payable in relation to fees not subject to the warranty agreement would be approximately £50,000.

In 2013 the Group also received an infraction notice from the Brazilian Environmental Agency's (IBAMA) district office in ConceiÇÃo do Araguaia in connection with carrying out drilling activities in an alleged legal reserve in 2011. There is however no official or other evidence of the past or present existence of the said legal reserve. The Group strongly believes that it operated with all necessary permits and has initiated legal proceedings to overturn the infraction notice and its associated fine of approximately £33,000.

30 Parent Company Statement of Comprehensive Income

As permitted by section 408 of the Companies Act 2006, the statement of comprehensive income of the Parent Company is not presented as part of these Financial Statements. The Parent Company's loss for the year was £4,378,222 (2012: £879,334 loss).

31 Events after the reporting date

No significant events have occurred since the reporting date.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING INFORMATION

Except for statements of historical fact relating to the Company, certain information contained in this press release constitutes "forward-looking information" under Canadian securities legislation. Forward-looking information includes, but is not limited to, statements with respect to the potential of the Company's current or future property mineral projects; the success of exploration and mining activities; cost and timing of future exploration, production and development; the estimation of mineral resources and reserves and the ability of the Company to achieve its goals in respect of growing its mineral resources; and the realization of mineral resource and reserve estimates. Generally, forward-looking information can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as "plans", "expects" or "does not expect", "is expected", "budget", "scheduled", "estimates", "forecasts", "intends", "anticipates" or "does not anticipate", or "believes", or variations of such words and phrases or statements that certain actions, events or results "may", "could", "would", "might" or "will be taken", "occur" or "be achieved". Forward-looking information is based on the reasonable assumptions, estimates, analysis and opinions of management made in light of its experience and its perception of trends, current conditions and expected developments, as well as other factors that management believes to be relevant and reasonable in the circumstances at the date that such statements are made, and are inherently subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements of the Company to be materially different from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking information, including but not limited to risks related to: exploration and mining risks, competition from competitors with greater capital; the Company's lack of experience with respect to development-stage mining operations; fluctuations in metal prices; uninsured risks; environmental and other regulatory requirements; exploration, mining and other licences; the Company's future payment obligations; potential disputes with respect to the Company's title to, and the area of, its mining concessions; the Company's dependence on its ability to obtain sufficient financing in the future; the Company's dependence on its relationships with third parties; the Company's joint ventures; the potential of currency fluctuations and political or economic instability  in countries in which the Company operates; currency exchange fluctuations; the Company's ability to manage its growth effectively; the trading market for the ordinary shares of the Company; uncertainty with respect to the Company's plans to continue to develop its operations and new projects; the Company's dependence on key personnel; possible conflicts of interest of directors and officers of the Company, and various risks associated with the legal and regulatory framework within which the Company operates.

Although management of the Company has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking information, there may be other factors that cause results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. There can be no assurance that such statements will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. Accordingly, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking information. The Company does not undertake to update any forward-looking information, except in accordance with applicable securities laws. 

SOURCE Horizonte Minerals plc


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Source: Canada Newswire


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