Cybercrime has been classified - alongside international terrorism and natural disasters - as a top priority by the US,
It is difficult for governments and the private sector to manage cyber threats due to their complexity. Highly skilled professionals are therefore required if we are to succeed in this battle. Globally, such skills are acutely scarce and countries are putting in place long-term strategies spanning more than 20 years to develop key skills.
But what about
A number of different professionals from different sectors must be trained to make up a core response team for national threats that affect the running of the government and the key business sectors that are most vulnerable to cybercrime. The finance minister is advised on matters relating to e-commerce in the financial services sector by the
They have identified cybercrime as the biggest threat to e-financial services in
Cybercrime is defined in the
The cyberattacker uses the internet to:
1) Access, manipulate or destroy critical information of organisations and governments. Service delivery could be crippled for long periods if the country does not put in place an effective response plan in the event of a large-scale cybercrime attack.
2) Steal information, especially sensitive financial information, that can later be used to perpetrate fraud.
Our financial services industry is at high risk. Individuals who access financial services through personal computing are more at risk.
The South African Cyber Threat Barometer identifies the common top cyber vulnerabilities as:
l Inadequate maintenance, monitoring and analysis of security audit logs.
l Weak application software security.
l Poor control of administration privileges.
l Inadequate account monitoring and control.
l Inadequate hardware/software configurations.
Experts suggest that the most effective way an organisation can detect cybercrime is to internally monitor suspicious and unauthorised access and use external mechanisms of fraud detection.
The search for talent in this regard is being hampered by the lack of a well co-ordinated human resource development plan to develop all the professionals in the value chain.
l Snell is the chief operating |officer and chief security officer of the
At this stage there isn't a specific qualification or training for cybercrime specialists in
l Cyber security experts. These are highly skilled technical experts involved in protecting information through an effective cyber security programme. Similarly, highly skilled experts are needed to realistically test defences in a simulated environment to identify vulnerabilities.
The Protection of Personal Information Act (Popi) stipulates that organisations that store consumer data are required to protect the data and to have systems in place to prevent data leaks. Organisations have to report a data breach and what steps they have taken to fix the breach. Essentially, Popi pushes organisations to be compliant and to lower the risk of cybercrime.
l Cryptographers. They are specialists in keeping secret information secret. They are mostly concerned with encrypting digital information such as e-mail to protect it as it is sent from one digital source to another. Data security is extremely important to everyone. Every transaction or interaction that one makes on the internet could be detected and read by other individuals if proper security measures are not in place. The cryptographer ensures that only people with the right authorisation can view certain data.
l SAPS officials, prosecutors and judges. They need to understand and recognise cybercrime and know how to correctly open a docket, how to investigate and charge cybercriminals and how to successfully prosecute them. They need to be able to present electronic evidence in court. Other skills involve gathering police intelligence using sophisticated technology to effectively stop cybercriminals in their tracks.
l Insurance underwriting. Cybercrime insurance is relatively new in the country and many businesses are underinsured in this area. There is a general view that this type of insurance is adequately covered under existing business insurance, but in most instances this is not the case. Popi is likely to force organisations to consider cybercrime insurance.
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